Doctor insights on:
Medicine For Congenital Heart Disease
Defect at birth.: Congenital heart disease is a problem with the heart's structure and/or function that is present at birth. It is the most common type of birth defect, and causes more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects. Treatment depends upon the condition, some require no treatment, others need critical intervention to survive. It affects 8-10 of each 1000 births. ...Read more
Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more
Yes: Yes. There are several heart defects that you may die from if you are affected. Usually that happens early in life. Many of the defects can be corrected surgically, but not all of them and sometimes despite correction they do not have good prognosis. I would refer you for the list of such conditions to pediatric cardiologist since science in this area is changing constantly. ...Read more
Multiple: Congenital heart defects are a collection of issues that could be devastating early or of almost no consequence even in the long. As there are a variety of maladies, the causes are multiple as well. Environmental factors, genetic abnormalities in either of the parents and a combination of these factors lead to congenital heart defects. ...Read more
Born with it: It is a heart defect you are born with. It may be simple, moderate, or very serious. They include "holes in the heart", valve problems, malformed or absent chambers, valves, or blood vessels. Just under 1 % of all babies are born with some type of defect, often minor and temporary. They are usually diagnosed shortly after birth, occasionally much later. ...Read more
It depends on defect: It depends on what kind of defect it is. Some defects have no symptoms, some have mild symptoms such as faster breathing, difficulty eating, increased sweating while feeding. And some defects are life threatening causing low oxygen levels in your body and without surgery or other type of intervention within hours of delivery may be lethal. ...Read more
Present at birth: Congenital heart disease and the term congenital heart defect are used interchangeably. Congenital heart defects are structural abnormalities of the heart and/or the large blood vessels in the chest that are present at birth. There are dozens of different defects. Some have no real implication and some can have life-threatening consequences requiring multiple surgeries starting early in life. ...Read more
Not specificly: The sporadic occurrence of congenital heart disease in a baby is influenced by many factors including heredity & toxic exposure. Maternal /paternal age at conception does not seem to have a direct influence unless a chromosome defect comes into play. Then advanced maternal age increases risk of trisomy & each chromosome defect has a higher risk of a heart defect. ...Read more
No plan I know of: Congenital heart disease (chd) is a sporadic event occuring in ~1% of births. It is frequently seen in chromasome disorders. Having one or more parents with a defect increases risk but not always for the same defects. Having a 1st child with chd increases risk for a 2nd. A healthy lifestyle prior to and during pregnancy is the best anyone can do. Even then, ~4% of nbns will have an issue to deal with. ...Read more
Depends: Congenital heart disease have had significant advances in technology of diagnosis and treatment. Especially with surgical treatments. So much so that there is now a specialty in cardiology kown as "adult congenital cardiology" dedicated to the care of adults born with congenital heart disease. To answer your question it depends on the details of the disease. Some may not affect life span, some will ...Read more
Varies with defect: Some are minor and involve minimal impact on health or lifespan. Some are major & require many life threatening surgeries & a n altered limited lifestyle. The specific chd lesion is the most important factor followed by the availability of appropriate specialty care. ...Read more
Depends on study: Many forms of congenital heart disease are detected by prenatal ultrasound depending on the type of study preformed. A low level scan is often used to verify the head size which helps verify dates, position & placental location. Higher resolution studies can examine the heart size, valves &chambers & find many chd's. ...Read more
As any Baby..:
Any new born baby brings joy and stress to their new parents and family.
You do not mention what type of congenital heart disease, as they vary in severity from very mild to very severe. The level of care an impact to the family dynamics will be affected depending on this.
Surround yourself with a good base of support and a medical team to care for the medical aspect.
Best of luck to you. ...Read more
No.: Just the opposite; congential heart disease encompasses heart malformations that are present at birth. ...Read more
Depends: Some problems are relatively simple to fix and after repair will be just fine and require little additional concern. More severe conditions may require multiple surgical procedures and require the allocation of major financial and emotional resources with expected increased stress levels. And some children will never be ok or will die. Good luck. ...Read more
Congenital heart disease. What are the chances that somebody makes it to adulthood without ever getting diagnosed?
Depends: It depends on the type of congenital malformation. There are some serious congenital heart defects that can be diagnosed in utero and some obvious upon birth. Others, like anomalous origin of the coronary artery or a patent foramen ovale may never cause any trouble and may not ever be recognized unless an evaluation or test for other reasons happens to demonstrate the anomoly. ...Read more
What to do if I have congenital heart disease, diagnosed when I was a baby now im16 I want to know what will happen?
Hard to say: CHD encompasess a number of disorders with a varied impact on the individual. Some self correct and never result in an adult problem, while others mar require a heart transplant for survival. If you do not provide enough background data to the site, answers must remain non-specific. ...Read more
Some of it: Even though 8 out of every 1000 babies born will have have some form of heart defect, when there is a first line family member affected the number goes up to about 16-30/1000 (for some particular defects this number will be higher) so this would suggest a genetic component...We just haven't learned enough about genetics and the heart to be more precise, but this is changing every day. ...Read more
Polygenic problem: The information that codes for proper heart formation is shared by many genes on chromosomes. Genetic studies show linkage, where a person with a form of chd has a 4% chance of having a first degree relative with any form of chd as well as a 4% risk of having a child with a chd. A few rare syndromes have higher genetic risk (dominant = 50%) that sometimes have chd as part of the syndrome. ...Read more
Maybe: Although many congenital heart defects, including most of the serious ones, are seen on prenatal ultrasound. ...Read more
Comprehensive care: Congenital heart disease should be cared for in hospitals with a dedicated team of highly trained specialists, including pediatric cardiologists, congenital heart surgeons, intensive care physicians/ neonatologists, nurses, respiratory therapists, nutritionists, social work, physical and speech therapists, family support team, and other medical consultants to provide integrated care. ...Read more
Congenital heart specialists: As a infant/child/teenager, patients with congenital heart are typcially cared for by pediatric cardiologists/cardiovascualrr surgeons. A new field of adult congenital heart is evolving in which internal medicine congenital heart cardiologists who have specialized training in congenital heart disease care for patients over 21 years of age. ...Read more
Limited similarity: Cardiomyopathy and congenital heart disease are similar in that both are heart diseases. There are many types of cardiomyopathy and there are dozens of forms of congenital heart disease. Cardiomyopathy is heart muscle disease, due either to a molecular problem in the heart or to secondary damage from another disease. Congenital heart disease is a problem of heart development, present at birth. ...Read more
Mixed: Cardiomyopathy means heart muscle disease. There are multiple causes. Some causes are abnormal proteins caused by a gene defect. Congenital heart disease conventionally refers to an abnormality that is present at birth in the structure of the heart or blood vessels in the chest. Severity and impact varies from trivial to fatal. Some congenital heart diseases can develop features of cardiomyopathy. ...Read more
Part of the defect: With Down syndrome, every tissue cell in the body have too much chromosome information in every cell. The extra information confuses the creation of complex body parts, and for DS patients the brain, heart, intestines, hands. Feet and facial structures all have variable changes related to the defect. ...Read more
Hard to answer: There are many different typesof congenital heart disease. Each type cannot be directly compared to others because the answer will be different. Many people, with a majority of the defects that we see today, will live a full and normal life. Thre are more people alive today in the us with chd over 18 than under. ...Read more
Congenital: Some congenital syndromes have both heart anomalies and facial anomalies as parts of the syndrome. ...Read more
How old is she?: Kids will process ideas if presented in a developmentaly appropriate format. Small kids believe in the tooth fairy & explanations should be short, focused & evident. A simple"you were born with a weak heart " should do early on, repeated as needed. (they don't take notes) after 7-8 when they let go of the tooth fairy they can process more, by the late teens they can get a full explanation. ...Read more
None.: Thee terms are used interchangeably.Get a more detailed answer ›
Heart: Pediatric cardiologist. Board certified.Get a more detailed answer ›
Please tell me whether there is any relation between congenital heart disease and facial asymmetry?
If I was born with a congenital heart disease are there any precautions I should take before going on long flights?
Depends on type: If you have a "cyanotic" congenital heart disease, you may need to wear oxygen during the flight. If your room air oxygen saturation (your doctor can check this) is <95%, you may need oxygen, and if <92%, you probably will. (managing passengers with respiratory disease planning air travel: bts recommendations. British thoracic society standards of care committee, thorax. 2002:57 (4):289.). ...Read more
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