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Doctor insights on: Mechanical Aortic Valve Replacement

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Is bicuspid aortiic valve replacement like mitral valve replacement?

Is bicuspid aortiic valve replacement like mitral valve replacement?

NO.: Aortic valve replacement in a patient with a bicuspid aortic valve may require repair of an ascending aortic aneurysm if present. Although valves are sewn in place the same, the location is totally different with particular anatomic differences. The mitral closes in systole and the aortic valve in diastole. For the mitral need to actually open the heart. For the aortic its done thru the aorta. ...Read more

Dr. Oscar Novick
1 doctor shared a insight

Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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Is bicuspid aortiic valve replacement similar to mitral?

Valve replacement: The surgery replaces the valve with either a mechanical or animal tissue valve. This is done on a heart lung machine. The valve takes the place of the damaged valve and the patient lives their life with a new disease 'artificial valve' with its own set of problems. The obstruction or valve leak of the diseased valve is corrected by the artificial valve. Sometimes blood thinners are needed. ...Read more

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Aortic valve replacement - tissue or mechanical better?

Aortic valve replacement - tissue or mechanical better?

AVR: Aortic valves can be replaced with either mechanical valves or bio prosthetic, taken from animals and treated to prevent rejection. There are different reasons for choosing either valve such as age and treatment with anticoagulants. Individuals who do not wish to be on meds such as Coumadin (warfarin) may have a bioprosthetic valve, however, younger individuals usually have mechanical valves. ...Read more

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Which percentage of mitral valve regurgitation patients require valve repair or replacement surgery?

Which percentage of mitral valve regurgitation patients require valve repair or replacement surgery?

Depends: It depends on the severity of the mr patients have and what their ages are. If you take the general usa population, all adults over age 21, some degree of mr is present in >80% (most of it trivial or very mild). Among that unselected group. ...Read more

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Is heart valve replacement surgery successful?

Is heart valve replacement surgery successful?

Yes: But, it depends on the diagnosis and indication for the procedure, as well as the experience of the cv surgeon. ...Read more

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Bovine or mechanical valve for my mitral valve replacement surgery. Which is best?

Depends: The type of valve chosen depends on many factors ; age, other medical problems the type of valve disease, regurgitation/stenosis or some combination as well as pt preference. Pt . Preference is important when it come to anticoagulation long term after valve surgery with a mechanical valve. If anticoagulation is not feasible or the pt does not want it then a bovine or tissue valve is the way togo. ...Read more

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Prognosis: aortic stenosis and mitral valve prolapse. Any idea?

Prognosis: aortic stenosis and mitral valve prolapse. Any idea?

2 questions: Aortic stenosis w/o symptoms has good prognosis. Symptomatic as has 5, 3, and 2 yr life expectancy depending on symptoms. Chest pain (5), passing out (3) and heart failure (2) yrs. This improves if the valve is replaced. Mitral valve prolapse does not significantly affect your prognosis by itself. Some though can worsen and begin to leak. This can also lead to heart failure. ...Read more

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How common is a mechanical aortic valve replacement surgery?

How common is a mechanical aortic valve replacement surgery?

Very: Choices are repair fr some mitral valves. Biologic or mechanical for aortic valves depending on age, bleeding issues, and overall risk assessment. ...Read more

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What is aortic valve stenosis?

What is aortic valve stenosis?

Aortic stenosis: Narrowing of the aortic valve which is located between the left ventricle and the aorta. ...Read more

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What is an aortic valve replacement?

What is an aortic valve replacement?

Surgical procedure : Aortic valve replacement is a surgical operation where the heart is stopped while the body is on cardiopulmonary bypass machine. The diseased valve is cut out and a new prosthetic valve from a pig or cow or a mechanical valve is sewn in. The operation takes 3-4 hours to complete and you can stay in hospital for 4-7 days. ...Read more

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Ihss and bicuspid aortic valve?

HCM: Not sure what you're asking. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy in series with a bicuspid aortic valve has a potential for real trouble if the bicuspid becomes stenotic. If the bicuspid valve isn't stenotic, then the physiology is dictated by the ihss primarily. ...Read more

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Heart valve replacement. Which valves need it most?

Heart valve replacement. Which valves need it most?

Heart valves: The mitral and aortic valves are the most often replaced valves, but sometimes the mitral valve can be repaired, but not the aortic valve. So probably the aortic is the most replaced. It is much less common that the pulmonary or tricuspid valve be replaced. ...Read more

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What is mitral valve stenosis?

What is mitral valve stenosis?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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Is there any difference between a bicuspid aorticvalve replacement and mitral valve replacement surgery?

Is there any difference between  a bicuspid aorticvalve replacement and mitral valve replacement surgery?

Yes: The aortic valve and the mitral valve are two completely different valves. Whereas bicuspid aortic valve surgery usually requires replacement, the preferred approach to mitral valve surgery, unless for severe stenosis or severe mitral regurgitation in a minority of instances, is mitral valve repair. A very experienced opinion is often required. ...Read more

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What is icd-9 of aortic valve stenosis?

What is icd-9 of aortic valve stenosis?

424.1: The closest I have been able to find is 424.1, aortic valve disorders. I cannot find a specific code for stenosis. ...Read more

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Aortic valve replacement done with pig or fake one?

AVR: Aortic valves can be replaced with either mechanical valves or bio prosthetic, taken from animals and treated to prevent rejection. There are different reasons for choosing either valve such as age and treatment with anticoagulants. Individuals who do not wish to be on meds such as Coumadin (warfarin) may have a bioprosthetic valve, however, younger individuals usually have mechanical valves. ...Read more

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Information/experiences with pulmonary valve replacement risks?

Information/experiences with pulmonary valve replacement risks?

Indication?: Assuming an adult patient, it would be important to determine if replacement is truly necessary. If the valve is very tight and creating right heart failure or low output syndrome (quite rare), valvuloplasty or removal without replacement may suffice. If the valve is infected, other complications may be present. Best left to the attending cardiologist and consulting surgeon. ...Read more

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Why would acute rheumatic fever target the mitral valve causing mitral valve stenosis?

No one really knows: Good question. But the answer is obscure. Rheumatic fever also affects the aortic valve. But why it targets valves on the right side of the heart is unclear. These are valves that are subject to greater pressures whih may be a reason. ...Read more

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Dr. Steven Griggs
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Aortic Valve (Definition)

The aortic valve is one of 4 valves in the heart, each of which separates 2 cardiac chambers. It opens when blood is actively ejected from the left ventricle into the aorta artery, to be carried to the rest of the body. It then closes firmly to prevent blood from flowing backwards, while it passively continues to flow forward to body's vital organs. When next heartbeat ...Read more


Aorta (Definition)

The aorta is the largest artery in the body, leaving directly from the left ventricle of the heart to supply blood to the entire body. It is made of elastic tissue layers called "intima" and is subject to damage by high blood pressure, smoking, cholesterol, ...Read more