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Doctor insights on: Measles Travel

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What causes measles?

What causes measles?

Single viral strain: Measles is caused by a virus with only 1 known strain & humans as the only known source. Infection is passed by contact with infected fluid on surfaces or in the air from a sneeze or cough. Immunization has reduced the case numbers when used, but is not 100% efective after 1 dose. Ease of international travel & transmission during incubation results in clusters of new cases every year. ...Read more

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Dr. Gregory Moneta
215 doctors shared insights

Measles (Definition)

Measles (rubeola) is formerly common childhood viral infection that causes a fever with cough, runny nose, red eyes and a characteristic red rash. (cough, coryza and conjunctivitis). Rare complications include pneumonia and encephalitis. The ...Read more


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What are the measles?

What are the measles?

Measles: Measles is one of the most contagious infectious diseases in humans. Initial symptoms include fever, cough, runny, and conjunctivitis. After 2-4 days, a characteristic erythematous maculopapular rash develops. Symptoms resolve in most cases. Fatal complications include pneumonia and encephalitis (swelling of the brain). Fortunately, the measles vaccine can prevent both. ...Read more

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How is measles treated?

How is measles treated?

Treat symptoms: Measles is caused by a virus. There is no specific medication for measles. Most children with measles are miserable. Fever & pain control with Acetaminophen are typical. Dehydration is a common complication which needs to be treated. Measles is highly contagious you will want to keep your sick child away from others. Prevention with vaccine is recommended. ...Read more

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What to do for measles?

What to do for measles?

Tender loving care: There is no cure for measles [virus is too smart for us]. Do things to make yourself feel better while you wait for your body to kick out the virus. Take Acetaminophen or Ibuprofen for fever or muscle aches. No aspirin! call your doc [especially for babies]. Watch out for: ear pain, croup, diarrhea, severe cough/shortness of breath [pneumonia], lethargy/confusion [big deal brain infection]. ...Read more

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Who can get the measles?

Who can get the measles?

Not vaccinated: You can get measles if you haven't been vaccinated against measles. The MMR [measles, mumps, rubella] vaccine gives you 95-98% protection after the 2nd dose, which is pretty darn good. Usually you don't get measles if you've already had it once. ...Read more

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How do you cure measles?

Comfort care: Measles is a viral illness common in unvaccinated populations. The illness runs thru its stages and recovery is generally complete. A portion will have complications;ear & lung infection that require rx, a few may develop life threatening encephalitis (more in <5yo).The world health organization recomends vitamin a supplements to help reduce mortality. ...Read more

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Can you die from measles?

Unfortunately: As many as 1 out of 2000 infected people may die from measles infections which can cause serious pneumonia or encephalitis ( a brain infection). This can be minimized by proper immunizations. Get the shot. ...Read more

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Who needs a Measles Shot?

MMR indications: The measles vaccine, commonly combined with immunization against Mumps and Rubella, is recommended to be administered at 1 year and 4 years of age. People who have been inadequately vaccinated according to this schedule and who have been exposed to the measles should be vaccinated within 72 hours to help prevent transmission. ...Read more

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Can you get measles again?

Confusing question: Wild measles is thought to provide lifetime immunity. The vaccine has been available in some form since 1963, but the early dosing schedule did not confer immunity to all. By the 1990's a second dose brought most into full immunity.If you had wild measles you are likely immune. Many viruses produce similar rashes and some labeled measles were likely something else. ...Read more