Top
40
Doctor insights on: Marasmus Kwashiorkor

Share
1

1
Why the deficit in height is less in kwashiorkor tgan in marasmus & marasmuc kwo?

Why the deficit in height is less in kwashiorkor tgan in marasmus & marasmuc kwo?

Nutrition exam: It sounds like you have a nutrition exam or assignment you're working on. There are many important differences between kwashiorkor and marasmus including protein calorie malnutrition, lymphopenia, a typical appearance, etc. it's an important subject to learn. ...Read more

Dr. Arnold Malerman
9 doctors shared insights

Kwashiorkor (Definition)

Malnutrition produced by a severely inadequate amount of ...Read more


2

2
Do protein shakes overload liver?

Do protein shakes overload liver?

No: They may not overload the liver, but they can force the kidney to work a bit harder. If yyour kidneys are compromised in any way, you need to reduce the amount of protein you take in. Humans can only absorb less than 2 grams of protein/kg of body weight at the absolute maximum....The rest is just excess calories. ...Read more

3

3
What distinguishes whey protein from calories in gaining muscle?

What distinguishes whey protein from calories in gaining muscle?

Help: Whey protein gives you alot of protein with little calories--- still most of your protein should come from real foods. ...Read more

4

4
How many calories in a strict low carbohydrate diet?

How many calories in a strict low carbohydrate diet?

Depends on fat & : Protein. The amount of calories in a diet depends on the total content of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. A person can consume any number of calories with a low carbohydrate diet depending on the intake of fat and protein. ...Read more

5

5
Gluteal wasting with unintentional weight loss?

Gluteal wasting with unintentional weight loss?

Get checked ASAP: Unintentional wt loss means loss of wt despite keepng all normal/usual diet and activities--no intention of losin wt--and so this is not normal. I would suggest consulting doc as soon as possible to find out what is causing the wt loss. In the meantime, try to increase intake to combat the excessive loss. Ensure/boost supplements may help. Good luck. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
7

7
I'm wondering are undernutrition and overnutrition forms of malnutrition?

I'm wondering  are undernutrition and overnutrition forms of malnutrition?

Yes: Overnutrition doesn't necessarily guarantee good source of nutrients. You can have overnutrition in the form of fat and sugar without the vitamins and nutrients that would come from eating fruits, vegetables, legumes, beans ...Read more

8

8
To lose fat and gain muscle, I do crossfit training and 1/3 of my calories come from carb, 1/3 protein, 1/3 fat. Right nutrient balance?

To lose fat and gain muscle, I do crossfit training and 1/3 of my calories come from carb, 1/3 protein, 1/3 fat. Right nutrient balance?

Zone diet : If you're trying to lose weight and improve your muscle tone i suggest trying zone type diet which includes 40% carbohydrates 40% lean protein and 40% healthy fish or plant-based fat. This is closer to the paleo diet that crossfit suggests except on the paleo diets you're not allowed to have any dairy or starch. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
9

9
Confusion about weight loss diets?

Confusion about weight loss diets?

Balanced diet: Weight loss needs caloric restriction and incease in physical activity. Eat plenty of fresh vegetables, fruits and whole grain preprations in moderations, reduce fat, especilly saturated fat intake and increase physical activity. There is no magic diet, find one that you can stick to, is balanced. And low in calories. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
10

10
What can my calorie, carbohydrate, protein intake be?

What can my calorie, carbohydrate, protein intake be?

Too many variables!: Sex, weight, activity level! are you an apple or pear in terms of body shape. What are your goals? Sorry, need more info! ...Read more

11

11
Bodybuilding cause weight gain or loss ??

Bodybuilding cause weight gain or loss ??

That depends: Building muscle increases weight but higher muscle mass can increase metabolic rate. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
12

12
What etiology is implied when bulimia nervosa (purging type) leads to weight gain?

What etiology is implied when bulimia nervosa (purging type) leads to weight gain?

Calories abs rapidly: Most people with bulemia are normal wt. Depending on what is eaten and time before purge, many calories are absorbed rapidly digestion begins in the mouth. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
14

14
Anorexia recovery gain weight? How much?

Anorexia recovery gain weight? How much?

This needs to be: Individually tailored for you depending on how severely underweight you are. Consult with your physician. ...Read more

15

15
Vegetarian diet to recover from anaemia fast?

Vegetarian diet to recover from anaemia fast?

Anemia: Eat lots of green vegetables and iron fortfied cereals and lots of legumes. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
16

16
Can iron deficiency cause weight gain?

Can iron deficiency cause weight gain?

No.: Fe deficiency does not cause wt gain. In a young menstruating female iron deficiency is caused by monthly loss of blood. ...Read more

17

17
Can iron deficiency cause weight gain?

Can iron deficiency cause weight gain?

Directly no...but: Weigh gain shouldn't be a direct result of low iron. But if you are iron deficient, you may be more fatigued and not exercise leading to weight gain. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
18

18
What causes weight gain?

What causes weight gain?

Many factors: There are several reasons for weight gain. It can be as simple as eating too many calories, or eating the wrong calories, or not getting enough exercise. You will gain weight when you take in more calories than your body burns each day. There are also medical conditions and hormone imbalances which cause weight gain, and medications with side effects of weight gain. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
19

19
Must my infant's diet include fat?

Must my infant's diet include fat?

Best infant diet: The diet custom tailored for the human infant is breast milk, which certainly contains the fats needed for healthy growth and development. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
20

20
Atkins diet cause bell's palsy?

Atkins diet cause bell's palsy?

Bell's Palsy: Probably not. This post viral complication is thought to be caused by a person's own immune system creating antibodies that attack the facial nerves on one side of the face. High protein diet is not to be blamed. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
21

21
Why the deficit in height is less in kwashiorkor tgan in marasmus & marasmuc kwo?

Nutrition exam: It sounds like you have a nutrition exam or assignment you're working on. There are many important differences between kwashiorkor and marasmus including protein calorie malnutrition, lymphopenia, a typical appearance, etc. it's an important subject to learn. ...Read more

22

22
Why is there an edema in kwashiorkor but not in merasmus?

Why is there an edema in kwashiorkor but not in merasmus?

Protein vs calories: in Kwash, there is significant deficiency in protein intake which in turn leads to drop in the oncotic pressure inside the blood vessels, causing leakage of fluids to the third spaces hence the edema. In merasmus, there is calorie deficit in general but still enough protein intake to maintain normal oncotic pressure. ...Read more

23

23
If someone ate nothing but fruit could they develop kwashiorkor?

Sure : Sure you could! Kwashiorkor is a disease of poor countries, we just don't have is among kids here in the US. BUT theoretically if you ate only fruit indefinitely, you would get it eventually. ...Read more

24

24
Could I have kwashiorkor if I have fever?

Could I have kwashiorkor if I have fever?

Kwashiorkor is...: A constellation of signs and symptoms that reflect severe protein malnutrition. Classically there is a protuberant abdomen from low osmotic pressure in the vascular compartment. In the peritoneal cavity, which surrounds the abdominal organs, accumulated fluid is called ascites. Other symptoms are skin ulcers, fussiness, poor oral intake, and fatty liver. Fever is not specific to kwashiorkor. ...Read more

25

25
Can you tell me how kwashiorkor occurs in a person's body?

Kwashiorkor: occurs as a result of severe protein malnutrition. It is rarely seen in developed countries but occurs in areas of famine or poor food supply. The abdomen becomes large due to edema and fatty infiltration of the liver. You can develop kwashiorkor even if you eat enough calories, if there isn't enough protein in the diet. ...Read more

26

26
Are there any new, non invasive treatment options for kwashiorkor?

It depends: This condition is severe protein-calorie malnutrition. If the patient is able to assimulate nutrients orally, that is the ideal treatment route. If not the other option include gastric feeding (oral tube or external gastric puncture) or intravenous alimentation (iv nutrients). ...Read more

27

27
Can a baby be born with kwashiorkor if the mom has it?

Can a baby be born with kwashiorkor if the mom has it?

Malnourished babies: Babie whose moms have severe malnourishment can suffer from these conditions when they are born. This is because they are being starved in utero. ...Read more

28

28
Please explain why is kwashiorkor manifested with protuberant belly?

Please explain why is kwashiorkor manifested with protuberant belly?

Fluid accumulation: The profound protein deficiency of this disorder prevents the blood from holding fluid within the blood vessels. It leaks into the tissues and organs, making them large and waterlogged. The protuberant belly reflects these organs pushing out of the pelvis and abdomen. ...Read more

29

29
Why does kwashiorkor cause liver enlargement?

Why does kwashiorkor cause liver enlargement?

Fatty Liver: Protein-calorie malnutrition diseases may be associated with low serum Albumin (protein) and "fatty" livers...Enlarged...Because of decreased release of fats into the bloodstream to form certain types of proteins (lipoproteins). ...Read more

30

30
Can you tell me if throughout kwashiorkor, how does a deficiency of protein makes a belly swell?

Can you tell me if throughout kwashiorkor, how does a deficiency of protein makes a belly swell?

Fluid accumulation: The profound protein deficiency of this disorder prevents the blood from holding fluid within the blood vessels. It leaks into the tissues and organs, making them large and waterlogged. The protuberant belly reflects these organs pushing out of the pelvis and abdomen. ...Read more

31

31
What are the complication of kwarshiorkor in children?

Multiple: Kwashiorkor( k) is a process that leads to a multitude of problems. Early symptoms include apathy, lethergy and irritability. Loss of muscle mass, skin probs, swelling in organs, face & limbs, & increased susceptability to infection. Stupor and coma may occcur with death rates approaching 40% even under rx. Survivors will generally have long term mental and physical deficiencies. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
32

32
Please advise what is marasmus and what are its symptoms?

Please advise what is marasmus and what are its symptoms?

See below: "marasmus is one of the 3 forms of serious protein-energy malnutrition (pem). The other 2 forms are kwashiorkor (kw) and marasmic kw. These forms represent a group of pathologic conditions associated with a nutritional and energy deficit occurring in young children from developing countries at the time of weaning. Marasmus is a condition caused by a deficiency in calories and energy"(medscape.Com. ...Read more

33

33
I was wondering what are the precautions for marasmus?

I was wondering what are the precautions for marasmus?

MARASMUS: Make sure to eat a balanced diet with appropriate caloric intake. Treat if there is any underlying cause. Get a nutrition consult. ...Read more

34

34
Hi doctors, can you tell me what is marasmus and the proper plan of care?

Hi doctors, can you tell me what is marasmus and the proper plan of care?

See below: Marasmus has been thought to result from inadequate energy intake and is better described as nonedematous protein /energy malnutrition. Treatment include initial phase of hydration & antibiotic treatment followed by continued antibiotic therapy and introduction of diet providing maintenance amount of protein and energy along with adequate electrolytes, trace minerals and vitamins (second phase). ...Read more

35

35
Shouls i be concerned that i may have marasmus if i weigh 83lbs and I am 5ft 6inches?

Shouls i be concerned that i may have marasmus if i weigh 83lbs and I am 5ft 6inches?

Not just that...: The way you have phrased this question itself is troubling. I can't call it without seeing you, but i hope you have access to a physician who can look at how you eat, and whether there is malabsorption / maldigestion / endocrine disease (addison's, simmonds') that may be putting your life in danger. I believe you know of the danger you are in; please get with your personal physician now. ...Read more

36

36
Please explain what are some symptoms of marasmus?

Please explain what are some symptoms of marasmus?

FAILURE TO GAIN WT-: Then loss of weight until emaciation results, loss of skin turgor, wrinkled/loose skin as subcutaneous fat disappears, appearance becomes shrunken and wizened. Abdomen may be distended or flat with visible intestinal pattern. Muscle atrophy with resultant hypotonia, temperature- subnormal, slow pulse rate, low bmr. Listlessness, diminished appetite. Constipated or starvation diarrhea with mucous... ...Read more

37

37
What happened if marasmus is not treated for a long?

What happened if marasmus is not treated for a long?

Depends on age: In general, it is a very dangerous situation if the body is not getting enough protein. Ultimately it will result in death if not addressed. In young children it can result in poor development and growth of the brain. ...Read more

38

38
What are the difference between kwashiokor & marasmus?

What are the difference between kwashiokor & marasmus?

Starvation diseases: They are both diseases that arise from an inadequate diet and starvation. Kids with marasmus have dry loose baggy skin. Kwashiokor children have malabsorption, diarrhea, edema and bloated abdomens. The findings in kwashiorkor are due to profound profound protein malnutrition while marasmus is from a total lack of nutrition in general ...Read more

39

39
Help doctors! what're the treatments for marasmus?

Help doctors! what're the treatments for marasmus?

MARASMUS Is a form: Of protein energy malnutrition. Inadequate calorie intake due to insufficient diet, metabolic, congenital malformations are causes, resulting in emaciation. Immediate management of acute problems, e.g. Diarrhea, dehydration, sepsis, etc first. Then administration of adequate, concentrated balanced diet with micronutrients/vitamins supplementations. Amount be increased gradually as per tolerance. ...Read more

40

40
Is the loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue of the face in marasmus the first sign ? And does the child with marasmus has hypothermia?

Is the loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue of the face in marasmus the  first sign ? 
And does the child with marasmus has hypothermia?

Weight loss of FTT: (Failure to Thrive) would be first signs of nutrition deprivation and in a child would be expected to be noted first in overall growth and especially loose skin on buttocks and thighs and arms, but may be easier to noticed on face. Eyes will get sunken quite quickly with dehydration, which may have a different cause. Fatigue, irritability are common. Hypothermia would not be a first sign. ...Read more