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Doctor insights on: Managing Atherosclerosis

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What is atherosclerosis?

What is atherosclerosis?

Plaque: buildup of plaque and cholesterol deposits, etc. in the arteries--- "hardening of the arteries". Risk factors--- smoking, family history, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, age ...Read more

Dr. Milton Alvis, jr
410 doctors shared insights

Atherosclerosis (Definition)

Atherosclerosis is the most common disease in 1st world countries & results in loss of blood supply, heart attack, stroke, etc. body wide. It is within the walls of arteries, without symptoms until plaques rupture releasing debris & inducing blood clots. ↑ed age, LDL-particles, blood glucose &/or pressure, ↓ HDL & smoking All ↑ incidence of events. Optimizing changeable ...Read more


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What's atherosclerosis from?

What's atherosclerosis from?

Multifactorial: Usually a combination of having a family history, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol, smoking. These are the main players. ...Read more

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What causes atherosclerosis?

What causes atherosclerosis?

Multiple Factors: Atherosclerosis, also known as “hardening of the arteries”, occurs when areas of the artery wall thicken in response to either increased modifiable (high LDL particle levels, smoking or high blood pressure )and non-modifiable (genetics, age, gender) risk factors. Over time, areas of focal thickening may grow into a larger lesion called a “plaque" that can limit blood flow through the vessel. ...Read more

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Can atherosclerosis be cured?

Can atherosclerosis be cured?

No: Medications and life style changes can prevent it from progressing and at times cause some regression, but will not cure it. ...Read more

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Is atherosclerosis hereditary?

Is atherosclerosis hereditary?

It can be: Yes, atherosclerosis, cholesterol and many other factors can be hereditary - there is a genetic factor - but that is not the end of the story. Smoking, diabetes, overweight/obesity, diet, exercise, cholesterol control (i.e. The preceeding and medications) can influence the progress of atherosclerosis. 1st: know you numbers, 2nd: control the aforementioned factors and take your rx(s). ...Read more

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What does atherosclerosis mean?

Plaque build up: It is hardening of the arteries, caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances building up in the arteries - this is called plaque - making the arteries stiffer. This plaque interferes with the normal function of the arteries and can cause problems and symptoms throughout the body. The plaque can block the arteries and/or it can break off and flow to smaller vessels and block them. ...Read more

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How does atherosclerosis start?

How does atherosclerosis start?

Multiple causes: Atherosclerosis is a complex process with diffrent risk factors. Age, htn, high cholesterol, diabetes, family history, tobacco use. The liningof blood vessel has a barrier that protects it. If something causes damage to this, than cholesterol can enter the wall of the vessel and accumulate. Such things as high blood pressue and diabetes are examples of dz that can damage the lining and promote ashd. ...Read more

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Can you reverse atherosclerosis?

Maybe: Medication and life style changes can prevent progression and in some cases cause some reversal of the disease. ...Read more

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What happens in atherosclerosis?

What happens in atherosclerosis?

Progression, Closure: White blood cells, mostly macrophages, invade the walls of the arteries to remove low density lipoprotein (fat carrying protein) particles. Macrophages die if overwhelmed with LDL & cannot export their ingested fat into high density lipoprotein particles. The artery wall thickens & enlarges; no symptoms decades. Plaque rupture induces sudden clots, debris downstream, sudden narrowing & closure. ...Read more

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When could atherosclerosis begin?

When could atherosclerosis begin?

Even in Pre-teens: While atherosclerosis is detectable in preteens it's consequences typically do the manifest until the 50's or later. Atherosclerosis is primarily a consequence of an unhealthy diet with obesity being the main risk factor. ...Read more

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How does atherosclerosis progress?

Slowly: Atheroscleroisis is a slow degenerative and proliferative process until a plaque ruptures and ulcerates, suddenly sub-totally blocking an artery. The process is completed by a clot forming at the site of ulceration. Until that day, it's a silent, gradual buildup of cholesterol, calcium, smooth muscle cells, macrophages and debris. ...Read more

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When does atherosclerosis develop?

Can start as child: It is a progressive hardening of the arteries, caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances building up in the arteries - this is called plaque - making the arteries stiffer.This plaque interferes with the normal function of the arteries and can cause problems and symptoms throughout the body.The plaque can block the arteries and/or it can break off and flow to smaller vessels and block them. ...Read more

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What is atherosclerosis linked to?

Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a fancy name for disease of the arteries: risk factors are: genetics (your parents :-)), smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity. There are other, secondary risks that are determined by specialized blood tests. ...Read more

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How can atherosclerosis be avoided?

Atherosclerosis: By controlling the risks : 1. Treat high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol/triglycerides, diabetes. 2. Quit smoking 3. Lose weight if obese, exercise regularly 4. Healthy diet. ...Read more

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What are hazards of atherosclerosis?

Un-timely death: I am not trying to be dramatic but if atherosclerosis, which is a progressive disease, is allowed to continue without any remediation, the arteries will become blocked and, in the heart, this will cause ischemia and ultimately muscle death. Atherosclerosis also progresses in the rest of the body and can cause loss of limb. Fortunately you can partner with your doctor to slow/stop it. ...Read more

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What makes atherosclerosis dangerous?

The end result: Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease that involves all the arterial systems of the body, the brain, the heart, the kidneys, the gut and the limbs. As it progresses, it causes reduction of blood flow to these areas chronically, and the end organ becomes a target for embolization of the plaque or blood clot caused by atherosclerosis on an acute basis. ...Read more

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What are the cures of atherosclerosis?

What are the cures of atherosclerosis?

NoCures, EffectiveTx: The LDL & HDL lipoproteins (protein particles which carry all fats in the water outside cells, see: "nmr particle test" are the primary issue, along with blood glucose (optimal hba1c ?5.0%), blood pressure (sbp ?20 mmhg), no smoking & several other issues, known & not. Thus best to address all issues in unisyn, do not aim for normal. Instead aim for excellence: absence of drivers of the disease. ...Read more

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What are the signs of atherosclerosis?

Definition and signs: Atherosclerosis is hardening of the arteries (they carry the healthy, oxygenated blood to the tissues) due to calcification, or buildup of stuff (cholesterol, etc.) that narrows the vessel lining. This does not mean you have pad as that is when there are symptoms due to the narrowing. Atherosclerosis is a change in the structure, pad is when the function changes for the worse. ...Read more

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Dr. Steven Busuttil
257 doctors shared insights

Blocked Arteries (Definition)

Blocked arteries is a condition in which a person has decreased or no blood flow in one or more of his arteries, due to obstructions inside the artery such as thick plaques, floating clumps of broken plaques, blood clots, etc... Severe compression due to a problem on the outside of an artery can also ...Read more