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Doctor insights on: Management Of Neonatal Jaundice

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Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice : Physiologic neonatal jaundice is yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to elevation of a breakdown product of old blood cells called bilirubin that builds up in newborns due to immaturity of liver enzymes. Pathologic neonatal jaundice can also result from various disease states. Phototherapy with special lights, or more aggressive therapy, may be needed to lower bilirubin to safe levels. ...Read more

Dr. Robert Rahimi
387 doctors shared insights

Jaundice (Definition)

Jaundice is the accumulation in the body of bilirubin. Normally it is excreted by the liver, via the bile. For a lot of different reasons, sometimes the bilirubin can accumulate. The most common reasons are a problem with the liver or the bile duct. This can make the skin and/or the whites of the eyes turn yellow. If this occurs, see your ...Read more


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In neonatal jaundice what's the treatment?

In neonatal jaundice what's the treatment?

Neonatal jaundice: Phototherapy is the primary treatment in neonates with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. This therapeutic principle was discovered rather serendipitously in england in the 1950s and is now arguably the most widespread therapy of any kind (excluding prophylactic treatments) used in newborns. ...Read more

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Treatment of hyperbilirubinemia?

Depends: There are many conditions that will cause high bilirubin levels. Discuss with your doctor to get the correct diagnosis and then discuss the treatment options. Good luck ! ...Read more

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What causes most neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice: Most physiologic neonatal jaundice is caused by immaturity of the liver and inability to process all of the breakdown products of red blood cells leading to a build up of bilirubin. This may be exacerbated in breast fed infants. There are causes of neonatal jaundice that can represent disease states, but these are not the most n cause of neonatal jaindice. ...Read more

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What is involved in the management of neonatal sepsis?

What is involved in the  management of neonatal sepsis?

Several items: There are several levels of the evaluation and management of neonatal sepsis. Sepsis can be suspected, presumed, or proven depending on the situation and degree of risk or confirmation (positive blood tests, x-rays, spinal fluid tests, & cultures). Careful monitoring, antibiotics, and supportive measures like respiratory support, shock treatment, ivs, & temperature support may all be necessary. ...Read more

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What are causes of jaundice in neonatals?

Jandice: Jaundice is common and occurs in about 60 percent of newborns, more so in premies. The most common cause is physiologic, meaning due to normal changes. Then infections, blood incompatible with mothers, rare blood disorders like enzyme deficiencies or liver disorders. Most important is to know the kind of jandice - direct or indirect is elevated. There are other reasons for rare indirect. ...Read more

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What type of nurse takes care of newborn babies?

What type of nurse takes care of newborn babies?

Nurses assigned: to the nursery take care of newborn babies. They maybe LPN's or RN's. Some may be cross trained from Labor and Delivery or OB nurses or pediatric nurses. ...Read more

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Treatment of constipation in 3-4weeks old neonate?

Treatment of constipation in 3-4weeks old neonate?

Constipation: If you are breastfeeding a breast fed baby can have a stool with each feeding , go once a day or may take a week to have a stool. He is not considered constipated. If you are bottle feeding, make such he is not getting excessive amounts of milk. You may add a teaspoon or two of dark karo syrup to the formula to help the constipation. ...Read more

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What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

Depends,often normal: Mild jaundice is common & results from the baby's GI system just maturing & being able to excrete bilirubin. This happens when the liver becomes more functional during the first week or so of life. As the baby feeds, bilirubin leaves the body in the stool (hence yellow stools) & urine. If breastmilk is not yet in, more jaundice may occur. In other babies, it can be due to more serious conditions. ...Read more

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Delivery by cesarean section is one of the predisposing factors of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, why? And how?

Delivery by cesarean section is one of the predisposing factors of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, why? And how?

??RDS??: I would agree more cs babies have respiratory pbs than regular delivery but the issue is ttn ( transient tachypnea of the newborn) not rds.A trip down the birth canal helps squeeze some of the lung fluid out before birth, which does not happen for cs. About 10% of cs will have to work hard to clear that fluid & may require o2 & special care in the process.It usually clears in < 48hr. ...Read more

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Whats hemolytic disease of newborn?

Different blood type: Hemolytic disease of newborn is caused by different blood types in mom and baby. Classically, mom is rh negative (a- or o-, etc). The baby is rh positive. Mom then make rh antibodies that cross over to the baby and cause breakdown of the red blood cells. This can make the baby very sick. ...Read more

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What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Resp. distress syndr: Its caused by deficiency of surfactant that lines the airways&lung immaturity. From baby being premature vs genetic protein def. Varies in severity form baby to baby & some may require ventilatory support. Depends on gestational age from about 50% in babies born at 26–28 weeks, to about 25% at 30–31 weeks. Is more frequent in infants of diabetic mothers & in the second born of premature twins. ...Read more

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Whats the medical meaning of postpartum hemorrhage ?

Whats the medical meaning of postpartum hemorrhage ?

Heavy bleeding: Postpartum hemorrhage means heavy vaginal bleeding after postpartum- loss of blood more than normal amount 500 ml. It is very serious, cause high maternal mortality, need immediate attention a as well as monitoring. ...Read more

Dr. Ashu Syal Dr. Syal
2 doctors agreed:
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Is neonatal pneumonia a cause of enlargemnt of the heart in neonates?

Dr. Ashu Syal Dr. Syal
2 doctors agreed:
Is neonatal pneumonia a cause of enlargemnt of the heart in neonates?

Neonatal pneumonia: No! neonatal pneumonia does not cause cardiac consequences in new born, with no congenital cardiac condition. Sometimes chest x ray shows 'large' cardia silhouette, because of the position of the newborn while taking x ray. ...Read more

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
3 doctors agreed:
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Meaning of neonatal jaundice? Heard brain damage.

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
3 doctors agreed:
Meaning of neonatal jaundice? Heard brain damage.

Rarely: Jaundice caused by high level of bilirubin in blood can lead to brain damage by compromising the integrity of neuronal cells. Infants with hemolytic disease, e.g., ABO incompatiblity, are at higher risk. Extreme preemies are also at high risk even with modestly elevated bilirubin level. ...Read more

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What are the tests for neonatal jaundice?

What are the tests for neonatal jaundice?

Bilirubin: Jaundice is caused by an excess of bilirubin in the blood. Blood can be tested to see how high the bilirubin is. Blood type is important as is the hemoglobin and hematocrit. ...Read more

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How common is neonatal jaundice?

How common is neonatal jaundice?

Very: Most term normal newborns become jaundiced peaking around the 3rd to 5th day of life. Their livers being a bit immature have trouble breaking down bilirrubin, the substance that make you jaundiced. This type of jaundice resolves in the first 2 weeks. If you are nursing your baby, the yellow pigment may linger a bit. Babies that are premature or have medical problems, may have more serious jaundice. ...Read more

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What are the risks of neonatal lupus?

What are the risks of neonatal lupus?

Spectrum, but: Spectrum of lupus damage, but heart block esp to be considered. ...Read more

Jaundice (Definition)

Jaundice is the accumulation in the body of bilirubin. Normally it is excreted by the liver, via the bile. For a lot of different reasons, sometimes the bilirubin can accumulate. The most common reasons are a problem with the liver or the bile duct. This can make the skin and/or the whites of the eyes turn yellow. If this occurs, see your ...Read more


Dr. Sandra Lora Cremers
29 doctors shared insights

Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth.Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more