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Doctor insights on: Malignant Melanoma Skin Cancer

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What are the treatment options for malignant melanoma cancer?

What are the treatment options for malignant melanoma cancer?

Many: The treatment for melanoma involves removing the primary site with a margin depending on the depth of the melanoma. In addition for high risk lesion a sentinel lymph node biopsy is performed. If these lymph node contains melanoma the remainder of the lymph nodes are removed from that basin. Treatment for distant disease can involve surgery, chemotherapy and or immunotherapy. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,310 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Diagnosed- malignant melanoma 5/2017 Diagnosed - treated for anal cancer 5/2016. Pet scan done in March '16. If MM has spread, wouldn't PET scan show?

Diagnosed- malignant melanoma 5/2017 Diagnosed - treated for anal cancer 5/2016. Pet scan done in March '16. If MM has spread, wouldn't PET scan show?

PET scan is a good t: PET scan is a good test to detect metastatic cancer. In fact it is our best imaging test to catch metastases early. Yet it has some limitations in that it can not show microscopic tumors/ small # of cells in the body...it only shows tumors that are bigger than half a centimeter (>5 mm). That is why this test has to be repeated every 3 to 4 months when there is a risk for the tumor to come back. ...Read more

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I had malignant melanoma in 1994. What are the chances of it recurring. Should i still get annual skin check-ups.

I had malignant melanoma in 1994.  What are the chances of it recurring.  Should i still get annual skin check-ups.

Skin Checks Are Good: With a previous melanoma, you are at higher risk to getting another one. Plus there is a slight chance your previous melanoma can recur. So see a dermatologist and come up with a plan for prevention. Good luck. ...Read more

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Can a scratched malignant melanoma/amelanotic nodular melanoma heal to look like normal skin?

They grow deep.: It's doubtful that a melanoma with the top scratched off in any way would appear like normal skin, as they tend to grow deep and not superficially. But if there's really any concern about melanoma, see a Dermatologist right away. ...Read more

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Are acrochordons a malignant tumor or skin cancer?

Are acrochordons a malignant tumor or skin cancer?

Neither: Acrochordons are a fancy name for skin tags, which are benign (not cancerous) growths that tend to occur as we age. They can often be found on the neck, armpits, and groin-- pretty much anywhere where the skin tends to rub. No one knows what causes them, but they are definitely not dangerous. Many things can look like skin tags though, so best to see your dermatologist to check them out. ...Read more

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Can I trust skin cancer apps, like skinvision to find out if a mole is benign or malignant?

Can I trust skin cancer apps, like skinvision to find out if a mole is benign or malignant?

Minimally: While skin cancer apps are getting more reliable, they are not yet sophisticated enough to replace an exam by a dermatologist with a dermatoscope and they certainly cannot replace the diagnostic accuracy of a biopsy. While consulting an app may be helpful, seeing a specialist is best to resolve your concerns. ...Read more

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Is seborrheic keratosis a malignant skin cancer tumor?

Is seborrheic keratosis a malignant skin cancer tumor?

No: Sk's are nonmalignant tumors, nor are they premalignant. They often grow on sun damaged skin, so they often show up in the same areas which are at risk for skin cancers. Sk's require no treatment. See a md for eval & diagnosis. ...Read more

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Is a seborrheic keratosis is a malignant skin cancer tumor or benign?

Benign: Sk's are easily confused for skin cancers due to their large size, irregular shape, and being multicolored. A trained dermatologist can easily spot the difference but very confusing for patients and other doctors. People can have hundreds or even thousands of sk's on their body and they are all benign. But having these cover the body may make it difficult to monitor for skin cancers. ...Read more

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How can one get malignant melanoma?

How can one get malignant melanoma?

Genetic and UV: Melanoma is a malignant tumor of melanocytes. It does have a familial component - meaning there are genetic mutations that put you at higher risk for development of melanoma. Uv exposure (especially with tanning beds) can put you at high risk as well. ...Read more

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Can malignant melanoma be found inside the body?

Can malignant melanoma be found inside the body?

Yes: Surprisingly, these can and sometimes do pop up in places that have never been sun-exposed. Famously this can happen within the deep vulva and the esophagus. ...Read more

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What can I do to prevent malignant melanoma?

Protect you, family: Please stay out of the sun and away from tanning beds. Use sunscreen protection and wear clothing and hats to cover the body. Have checks of your skin as advised by your doctors. ...Read more

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What's the highest survival rate for malignant melanoma?

What's the highest survival rate for malignant melanoma?

Depends on depth: The prognosis for melanoma depends greatly on the stage at diagnosis. In the absence of spread to lymph nodes or other sites, the depth of the melanoma is the most important factor which predicts outcome. The deeper the tumor invades the more risk of it spreading/recurring. I caught early, melanoma is very curable. Discuss the case in question with your dermatologist or oncologist. ...Read more

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What is the best treatment for typical malignant melanoma?

What is the best treatment for typical malignant melanoma?

Usually surgery: Assuming that the melanoma has not spread to other organs, the first treatment is to surgically remove the affected skin with a rim of normal skin. Then, certain patients will also need to have an operation to remove 1 or more lymph nodes depending on the spread. In select cases, melanoma that has spread to other organs is surgically removed. Other patients will need chemotherapy and radiation. ...Read more

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Could liver nodules be a recurrence of past malignant melanoma?

Could liver nodules be a recurrence of past malignant melanoma?

Possible: Nodules in the liver can be caused by many different things. A patient with a history of melanoma and the development of new liver lesions would warrant further investigation. ...Read more

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Which treatment for vaginal malignant melanoma stage 2c is the very best?

Which treatment for vaginal malignant melanoma stage 2c  is the very best?

No best treatment: Vaginal melanoma is considered mucosal disease and this type tends to spread via the blood to other organs in the body more readily. There is no known best treatment for stage iic. However, based on a recent study, chemotherapy with Cisplatin and temodar (temozolomide) every 3 weeks for 6 cycles are reasonable. However, enrolling in a clinical trial if available is the best option. ...Read more

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Does a completely removed potential precursor to malignant melanoma atypical nevus return in same place? Does it return as a malignant melanoma?

Does a completely removed potential precursor to malignant melanoma atypical nevus return in same place? Does it return as a malignant melanoma?

No: If it was removed completely, it will not return. This is why it's good to take margins. If it does recur at the site, it will probably still be a benign lesion, but keep an eye on it. The most important thing about a diagnosis of atypical nevus is that it warns you're likely to get a melanoma someplace else. Keep an eye on all your skin (partner, dermatologist) and quick removal will save you! ...Read more

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Can malignant melanoma be treated by oncothermia?

Can malignant melanoma be treated by oncothermia?

No evidence: Standard of care is surgical resection for early stages. For unresectable stage 3 or metastatic stage 4, treatments can be chemotherapy (dacarbzine or temodar), or immunotherapy such as interleukin-2, or ipilimumab. Targeted drugs for braf-positive melanoma are zelboraf, tafinlar, or mekinist. Enroll in a clinical trial is highly recommended. No evidence that oncothermia by itself is effective. ...Read more

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Can malignant melanoma be treated with oncothermia?

Can malignant melanoma be treated with oncothermia?

Not typically: This technique of heating tumor has been used in melanoma in a very limited way. One way, in the past was to isolate the vessels of a leg and pump heated chemotherapy through it. It had limited success. The recent exciting treatment through targeted therapy and control of the immune system have made oncothermia less interesting in melanoma in the us. ...Read more

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Malignant (Definition)

The term malignant can be used in several medical contexts, but is primarily used to describe cancers. More dangerous and disorderly than the benign growth of cells, malignant cells have developed genetic changes that can allow it to invade other tissues in an unregulated way. These tumors can later spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body and ...Read more


Dr. Mike Bowman
950 doctors shared insights

Skin Cancer (Definition)

A condition in which some element of your skin--which is one of the most complex organs in the body--degenerates into cancer. The three most common types of skin cancer are: basal cell, squamous cell, and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use and ...Read more