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Doctor insights on: Major Depressive Affective Disorder

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How can someone be diagnosed with bipolar affective disorder without having any manic/hypomanic episode ever?(just having depressive episodes)

How can someone be diagnosed with bipolar affective disorder without having any manic/hypomanic episode ever?(just having depressive episodes)

Technically....: No. However some have proposed sub typing bipolar to include patients with depression and family histories of bipolar the initial episodes of bipolar disorder are often depression. 90% of patients will experience their first manic episode by age 50. ...Read more

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Dr. Pamela Pappas
4,494 doctors shared insights

Depression (Definition)

Depression is a mood disorder that can affect behavior and emotions. Symptoms of depression include feeling down most of the time, losing interest in previously enjoyable activities, increase or decrease in appetite or weight, sleeping more or less, becoming easily agitated or lethargic, feeling worthless, feeling guilty, having difficulty concentrating, thinking more about death and dying. Depression can sometimes result in suicidal thoughts and plans. In this case, emergent ...Read more


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Is seasonal affective disorder depression?

Is seasonal affective disorder depression?

Not by definition: It can lead to depression or aggravate an existing depression. They are considered to be two separate disorders but often coexist. It pays to treat sad early on so depression may be averted and if it occurs along with a depression it needs attention directly so depression treatment can be more effective. ...Read more

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How do I distinguish depression from seasonal affective disorder?

How do I distinguish depression from seasonal affective disorder?

Depression: There are a number of different types of depression, which sad is one. The distinguishing characteristics od sad include the seasonal and cyclical pattern of the depression, accompanied by loss of energy, increased appetite, low motivation and oversleeping. Other depressions can occur at any time during the year and do not improve necessarily as seasons change. ...Read more

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Feel depressed when daylight savings time ends. Do I have seasonal affective disorder?

Feel depressed when daylight savings time ends.  Do I have seasonal affective disorder?

SAD: Sad is more prevalent in regions with colder darker wonters allowing for less interaction with other humans and the environment. You should be properly evaluated if you feel your symptoms are affecting your daily life pattern/routines. ...Read more

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Can you experience physical pain with seasonal affective disorder? Or is that only with actual clinical depression?

Can you experience physical pain with seasonal affective disorder? Or is that only with actual clinical depression?

Sure you can: Physical pain experience is a pretty bad symptom to suffer and it's not necessarily part of any kind of depression diagnosis - but it can become part of any mental health problem. Our most vulnerable systems tend to play a part in the expression of these problems. If pain is your 'go to' - it will be a likely presence. Seek therapy - feel better. ...Read more

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I have MS for from 17, I am 28. I had heavy depression after solumedrol (methylprednisolone) (5g infusion), now bipolar affective disorder. Is safe gylenia+venlafaxin+thc?

I have MS for from 17, I am 28. I had heavy depression after solumedrol (methylprednisolone) (5g infusion), now bipolar affective disorder. Is safe gylenia+venlafaxin+thc?

Agree for most part.: Gilenya (fingolimod) is a highly effective MS drug, and venlafaxine should help your depression. THC may interact adversely with Gilenya (fingolimod), but we are not fully certain, and where I live, in Colorado, marijuana is fully legal and many MS pts use it to help spasticity. Would recommend you discuss further with your neurologist. Add vitamin D-3 if not already using. ...Read more

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What is a major depressive disorder?

Major Depression: is a mood disorder lasting a minimum of two weeks. Depressive sx's may include low mood, irritability, anger, ^ or v sleep, change in appetite, feelings of helplessness or hopelessness, v energy, v self-esteem, feelings of guilt. V motivation, absence of joy,v concentration, v memory & suicidal thoughts. ...Read more

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What exactly is a major depressive disorder ?

What exactly is a major depressive disorder ?

Low mood plus...: A constant low or sad mood (or inability to experience joy or pleasure) that last 2 weeks or more, along with several other symptoms such as poor sleep, appetite, or concentration; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; slowed thinking and movements; or suicidal feelings. Also, this is not caused by drugs, medical illness, or another psychiatric disorder such as schizophrenia or bipolar. ...Read more

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