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Doctor insights on: Maculopathy Macular Dystrophy

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Whats stargardts macular dystrophy?

Whats stargardts macular dystrophy?

Inherited disease: Stargardts macular dystrophy is usually a bilateral form of macular degeneration which leads to severe central vision loss by the 5th decade of life. The peripheral vision usually remains intact. While it is inherited from both parents, the risks of passing it on to the next generation are quite slim. There is a clinical trial testing the efficacy of stems cells on reversing damage in smd. ...Read more

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Is macular degeneration genetic?

Is macular degeneration genetic?

Some: There are a few inherited forms especially those in the young and those associated with drusen deposits that have strong inheritance. Less certain is the inheritance pattern of ordinary, older age macular degeneration - the data is still being worked out. You can help protect your macula with a good diet, avoidance of sunlight and stopping smoking. ...Read more

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What is maculopathy and macular dystrophy?

What is maculopathy  and  macular dystrophy?

Macula: Macula is the central part of the retina that does the fine focus. Maculopathy is when there is a disease process causing damage to macula. That can be from drugs, diabetes, .... Macular dystrophy can be confusing. Macula is a type of spot. So if it is used in relation to cornea, that is a separate issue. In terms of retina... A disease process that is genetically predestined. ...Read more

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Whats fuchs's corneal dystrophy?

Whats fuchs's corneal dystrophy?

Fuchs: Fuchs is a disease of the inner layer of the cornea. In some pts, this layer fails over time and the cornea can become swollen. When the cornea is swollen, the patient can experience vision loss. Additionally, some patient's with Fuchs' get a plaque or membrane in their central corneal causing vision decline. In these instances, surgery such as DSEK (partial corneal transplantation) is helpful ...Read more

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What are maculopathy and macular dystrophy?

What are maculopathy and macular dystrophy?

Macular definitions: Maculopathy is any disorder of the macular area. The most common, age related macular degeneration is about 5% inherited and the rest age related. The macula can be disordered in diabetic retinopathy, serous retinopathy, macular holes and cysts as well as parasitic infections. Consult your ophthalmologist if you suspect a problem. ...Read more

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What is stargardts macular distrophy?

What is stargardts macular distrophy?

Inherited: This is a condition, in several forms, which starts in early teen years and mostly progresses to complete loss of central macular function. It is inherited and there is a strong family history. Fortunately it is quite rare. The peripheral vision is usually preserved so a seeing eye dog is rarely needed. ...Read more

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Is macular degeneration curable?

Unfortunately not.: While there are ways to slow or treat the disease processes in age-related macular degeneration, particularly the wet form, there is presently no cure for the disease. ...Read more

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Is macular degeneration curabr?

Is macular degeneration curabr?

See Below: Dry (nonexudative) age-related macular degeneration (amd) is treated with areds (age-related eye disase study) vitamins. Wet (exudative) amd is treated with ocular injections (intravitreal avastin, lucentis, (ranibizumab) or eylea). See a retina specialist. There are no cures right now. ...Read more

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What is stargardts disease (macular degeneration)?

What is stargardts disease (macular degeneration)?

See below: This genetic disease is sometimes called juvenile macular degeneration. This is no effective treatment for this disease that causes loss of central/reading vision. This disease may likely be treated by gene therapy as only 2 different gene defects are known to cause it. ...Read more

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How rare is macular degeneration vision impairment?

How rare is macular degeneration vision impairment?

Frequent in elderly: There are a few rare macular degeneration (md) cases in the young but most md is in the elderly. Vision changes can be from minor to severe depending upon the individual. The frequency increases with age up to about 17% affected in those over age 90. If you or a family member/friend has this problem, they should see a retinal specialist for evaluation and possible treatment. ...Read more

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What causes macular degeneration?

Genetics: The predisposition for macular degeneration is inherited. It is a very complex disease with several, if not many genetic mutations contributing to risk. Additionally, there are other health factors that modulate disease risk. Most importantly nutrition, but also life style (smoking=bad), etc. Rule of thumb: if something is thought to be good for the heart, it probably also reduces amd risk. ...Read more

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Does anyone treat vitelliform macular dystrophy?

Does anyone treat vitelliform macular dystrophy?

See a retina special: There are no treatments for this. In the very small percentage that also get choroidal neovascularization, anti-vegf injections are helpful. This is a disease where gene therapy will theoretically be helpful in the future. ...Read more

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Progressive macular pucker 20/30 vision, distortion & glaucoma. Visual fIeld good,nerve damage 30-45%.Would vitrectomy cause glaucoma to progress?

Progressive macular pucker 20/30 vision, distortion & glaucoma. Visual fIeld good,nerve damage 30-45%.Would vitrectomy cause glaucoma to progress?

Possible: Vitrectomy and glaucoma may have an association. It is suspected that glaucoma occurs more often in patients who have had vitrectomy and subsequent cataract surgery. An ongoing clinical trial is aimed to answer this question with more clarity. PROVE Study. http://www.aaojournal.org/article/S0161-6420(14)00344-3/references AND https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01162356 ...Read more

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What causes juvenile cataracts or macular degeneration?

What causes juvenile cataracts or macular degeneration?

Juvenile cataracts: Congenital cataract: during pregnancy, mom has infection (ie measles/rubella (the most common cause), rubeola, chicken pox, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, herpes zoster, poliomyelitis, influenza, Epstein-Barr virus, syphilis, toxoplasmosis. Juvenile: include, prior trauma, infection, inflammation, JRA. Macular degener: gene mutation-> Stargardt's disease, Best disease, and juvenile retinoschisis ...Read more

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What is macular degeneration?

What is macular degeneration?

Eye Exam: Dry and wet AMD are diagnosed by a good Ophthalmic exam. If you have any vision loss or problems, you should be seen by an ophthalmologist or retinal specialist as soon as possible. In the dry form there are changes in the back of the eye readily seen and in the wet form you can have sudden loss of vision which is treatable if seen ASAP. AMD usually occurs past the age of 50. ...Read more

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What is cornea, fovea, macula?

What is cornea, fovea, macula?

Eye parts: The cornea is the window at the front of the eye which focus light and allows it to enter the eye. Contact lenses rest on the cornea. The macular is the central retinal area of sharper vision and the fovea is the very center of the macula with the sharpest of all vision. ...Read more

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What causes Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

Aging: There is still no clear single cause for Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). It is a disease of geriatric. The incident is highest among those over 70. Genetic may play a role. Smoking has been shown to increase the risk of progression of the disease. Other conditions have also been cited such as cardiovascular disease. ...Read more

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Does macular degeneration lead to blindness?

Yes: Macular degeneration can and does lead to blindness. It is the most common cause of blindness in the elderly. ...Read more

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What is corneal dystrophy?

What is corneal dystrophy?

Inherited disorder: Dystrophies are inherited disorders. For the cornea, there are many dystrophies. The most common corneal dystrophy is the anterior basement membrane corneal dystrophy. It is also called map-dot-fingerprint dystrophy. ...Read more

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What is posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy?

What is posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy?

Hereditary problem: This is a rare hereditary disease of the back layer of the cornea. It can be progressive in some patients and non-progressive in others. If the impact on vision is mild, nothing needs to be done. If it is severe, surgery may be indicated. ...Read more