Doctor insights on:
Macular Degeneration Caused
ARMD Floaters?: Floaters are of two primary types--lets call them "fixed" or stationary floaters (also called scotomas) and "mobile" floaters. ARMD usually causes fixed floaters, not mobile floaters, and does so by damaging part of the retina to produce a blind spot or multiple blind spots by distorting the surface of the retina and damaging it. You are probably much too young for ARMD but discuss with eye doc. ...Read more
How fast does macular degeneration cause vision loss? My doctor would only say it happens slowly, but didn't really define “slow.” is it a couple of years, 10 years, more? I understand each person is different, but what's average?
Over many years: Macular degeneration is a slowly progressive condition. In the absence of "wei" disease, vision changes start as delayed recovery of vision from bright light, then needing more and moe light to see/read, and eventually progressive decline in visual acuity. For poor vision to develop from the earliest signs is usually decades. At any time, a patient can develop wet disease, needing treatment. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Are there any conditions other than macular degeneration that cause lines to look wavy in your vision?
Highly variable. : Most patients with macular degeneration have the dry type and suffer mild decrease in vision. However, macular degeneration is likely to cause significant vision loss if wet. If diagnosed and treated in early stages, most cases will have fair prognosis, even if wet. However, some cases may cause immediate loss of vision by a hemorrhage, while others may take years to progress to blindness. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can dry macular degeneration turn into the wet form? I've read that it sometimes happens, but it doesn't make sense to me. Don't the two forms of macular degeneration have different causes?
Macular degeneration: Nearly everyone who has wet amd initially had the dry form. There is definitely a progression from the dry type to the wet type. This is why high dose antioxidant vitamins and zinc is recommended for people with high risk dry amd - your eye md will be able to tell with a dilated retinal exam. As we learn more about the genetics of amd it is clear that there may be subtypes with different causes. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Genetics: The predisposition for macular degeneration is inherited. It is a very complex disease with several, if not many genetic mutations contributing to risk. Additionally, there are other health factors that modulate disease risk. Most importantly nutrition, but also life style (smoking=bad), etc. Rule of thumb: if something is thought to be good for the heart, it probably also reduces amd risk. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Unknown: The cause (trigger) for this condition, which is age related, is unknown. We know the effects, have some treatments available, and there is really extensive research in the cause but no positive results so far. A few are inherited but most have no obvious inheritance pattern. This is treated by retinal specialists who should be consulted if you are having problems. ...Read more