macular degeneration

Condition Uncommon
Description
Conditions (1)
Symptoms (3)
Treatments (8)
Tests (2)
Risk Factors (4)
Genetic disease affecting the central vision in some older adults. 1. Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration: treated with AREDS vitamins, tobacco cessation. 2. Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration: intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF molecules like Avastin, Lucentis, or Eylea.
Authored by Dr. Richard Scartozzi

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what is macular degeneration ?

See below

Macular_degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a retinal condition which affects older adults and results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the macula). There are “dry” and “wet” forms. It is a top cause of blindness and visual impairment in older adults (>50 years) in industrialized countries.
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Is Macular degeneration curabr?

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Dry (nonexudative) age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is treated with AREDS (Age-Related Eye Disase Study) vitamins. Wet (exudative) AMD is treated with ocular injections (intravitreal Avastin, Lucentis, or Eylea). See a retina specialist. There are no cures right now.
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Is macular degeneration genetic?

Some

Genetic
There are a few inherited forms especially those in the young and those associated with drusen deposits that have strong inheritance. Less certain is the inheritance pattern of ordinary, older age macular degeneration - the data is still being worked out. You can help protect your macula with a good diet, avoidance of sunlight and stopping smoking.
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Dr. Samuel Barone answered:

Is macular degeneration curable?

Unfortunately not.

Macular_degeneration
While there are ways to slow or treat the disease processes in age-related macular degeneration, particularly the wet form, there is presently no cure for the disease.
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Dr. Colin McCannel answered:

What causes macular degeneration?

Genetics

Macular_degeneration
The predisposition for macular degeneration is inherited. It is a very complex disease with several, if not many genetic mutations contributing to risk. Additionally, there are other health factors that modulate disease risk. Most importantly nutrition, but also life style (smoking=bad), etc. Rule of thumb: if something is thought to be good for the heart, it probably also reduces AMD risk.
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Dr. Keshav Narain answered:

Will ookp help macular degeneration?

No

Macular_degeneration
The osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis (OOKP) is a replacement for the cornea. The problem in macular degeneration is the other end of the eye, the retina.
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What exactly is macular degeneration?

Two types

Macular_degeneration
This is a failure of the maintainance of the health of vessels supplying the critical, central portion of the retina. In the 'wet' form, the vessels leak and can cause sudden, profound vision loss. The dry form vessels slowly dry up, leading to gradual vision loss. Meds to treat the wet form are available and if successful, convert you to the dry form. Use the AREDS supplement to slow it down.
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How can I help my macular degeneration?

See ophthalmologist

Macular_degeneration
regularly, and in some cases, eye vitamins can help. also avoid sun
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Dr. Samuel Barone answered:

treatment for dry macular degeneration?

Not yet

Macular_degeneration
While there are several medications as well as stem cell and gene therapies that are currently being investigated, no treatment has been proven to be safe and effective for geographic atrophy, the hallmark of dry AMD. High dose anti-oxidant vitamin supplementation has been shown to be helpful in preventing the progression to the wet form of macular degeneration when certain early signs are present
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Dr. Samuel Barone answered:

What is symptom of macular degeneration?

Decreased vision

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Both the wet and dry forms of ARMD cause decrease in central vision. Distortion is often an early symptom and an Amsler grid is a good self screening tool. Vision loss from the dry form is usually slowly progressive and lessor in degree than the wet form which can have very dramatic decrease in vision that is rapid and significant.
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