Doctor insights on:
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Spread of cells: Micrometastasis means that a few tumor cells have left the breast tumor and traveled to the lymph nodes under the arm. In most cases, this is treated as a negative lymph node. I encourage you to review your pathology report with your surgeon and oncologists (ideally they are communicating with each other through a meeting called a tumor board). ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
In theory, prostate cancer cells can spread anywhere in the body: In practice, though, most cases of prostate cancer metastasis occur in the lymph nodes and the bones. Prostate cancer metastasis occurs when cells break away from the tumor in the prostate. The cancer cells can travel through the lymphatic system or the bloodstream to other areas of the body. More commonly prostate cancer metastasis can occur in the: Bones, Lymph nodes, Lungs, Liver, Brain. Rare locations of prostate cancer metastasis include: Adrenal glands, Breasts, Eyes, Kidneys, Muscles, Pancreas, Salivary glands, Spleen. If you've been diagnosed with prostate cancer and you're concerned about prostate cancer metastasis, talk with your doctor about your risk of prostate cancer metastasis and your treatment options. ...Read more
Unfortunately: Metastatic disease (also known as stage 4) is usually not curable by todays treatments. Although use of chemotherapy may improve survival and may rarely put someone into a temporary remission the disease usually returns or more often does not go away and eventually progresses and the patient will eventually succumb to it. ...Read more
Not directly usually: There is debate about how closely these 2 cancers are related. Both have hereditary natures and are more common generally in obese patients. Both often begin with more benign precursor lesions like dcis for breast cancer and benign polyps for colon cancer. Both are very common but there is little evidence that having either predisposes to having the other. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Yes: Hepatocellular carcinoma is the 5th leading cancer worldwide. Risk factors are cirrhosis and/or hepatitis. Commonly asymptomatic, hcc is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage. Most patients are beyond cure at diagnosis. Many patients have poor liver function and cannot tolerate aggressive treatment. Survival rate can be >50% at 5 yrs for surgical candidates but is 1 year or less in most patients. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Are carcinoid tumors carcinoma? Is malignant metastatic stomach carcinoma that's hereditary a carcinoid cancer? carcinoid Neuroendocrine tumors?
Colon surgery:tumor size=2cm.Pathologic staging(pt3, n1b, mx).2/17 lymph nodes show metastatic.Margins of resection free of carcinoma.Need chemotherapy?
Yes: Chemotherapy regimens based on the drug Fluorouracil (5-fu) have been part of the treatment for high-risk stage ii or stage iii colon cancer. Many clinical trials have shown that these regimens improve overall survival primarily by reducing the high risk of recurrence within the first two years after surgery. ...Read more
Spread : This means that the cancer has spread to other areas outside of the breast. This is known as stage 4. With the use of modern chemotherapy, this disease can be controlled. I recommend you meet with your medical oncologist to determine options available for treatment. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Quite Different: These 3 different cancers are actually quite different. Under the microscope they look different, and the types of mutations they have are also different. As a result, the way the different cancers are treated are also different. Generally speaking for kidney cancer they would use targeted therapies or immunotherapies instead of chemotherapy or hormone therapy. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Prostate cancer: The most common metastatic site would be bones-although it also can go to other sites- lymph glands, lung, liver etc.. Symptoms will depend on the location of metastases. Bone pain, fractures would be the symptoms of bony mets. If spread to the adjacent area such as bladder area- blood in urine, lower abdomen pain, prob wi/ urination, obstruction can happen. Weight loss, weakness are common too. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer