Doctor insights on:
Depends: Lymph nodes are one aspect of evaluation for stage and treatment of breast cancer. It depends on size of breast cancer itself, number of lymph nodes involved, hormone status of the tumor, and dna testing can also help identify breast cancer risks. If the lymph node involvement is small, then there is little additioanl risk to the patient. There are many factors involved in assessing breast cancer. ...Read more
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Spread of cells: Micrometastasis means that a few tumor cells have left the breast tumor and traveled to the lymph nodes under the arm. In most cases, this is treated as a negative lymph node. I encourage you to review your pathology report with your surgeon and oncologists (ideally they are communicating with each other through a meeting called a tumor board). ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
That depends on: what you mean. Hodgkins lymphoma or non- Hodgkins lymphoma start in lymph system. If there is cancer found in a lymph node (& not a lymphatic cancer) then it is metastatic from where it originated. But having a painful or swollen lymph doesn't automatically mean that there is cancer in that particular node. It needs to be tested to know. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Regional spread: Many tumors, as they evolve, develop the potential to spread. The lesions develop matrix metalloproteinase which forms small e-cadherin from the cell cement and allows for spread. Regional nodes are a common site and for lesions on the arm and chest, spread is to the axilla. Lt. breast carcinomas as they grow and spread frequently are noted in the left axillary lymph nodes as metastatic adenoca ...Read more
Are carcinoid tumors carcinoma? Is malignant metastatic stomach carcinoma that's hereditary a carcinoid cancer? carcinoid Neuroendocrine tumors?
Unfortunately: Metastatic disease (also known as stage 4) is usually not curable by todays treatments. Although use of chemotherapy may improve survival and may rarely put someone into a temporary remission the disease usually returns or more often does not go away and eventually progresses and the patient will eventually succumb to it. ...Read more
In theory, prostate cancer cells can spread anywhere in the body: In practice, though, most cases of prostate cancer metastasis occur in the lymph nodes and the bones. Prostate cancer metastasis occurs when cells break away from the tumor in the prostate. The cancer cells can travel through the lymphatic system or the bloodstream to other areas of the body. More commonly prostate cancer metastasis can occur in the: Bones, Lymph nodes, Lungs, Liver, Brain. Rare locations of prostate cancer metastasis include: Adrenal glands, Breasts, Eyes, Kidneys, Muscles, Pancreas, Salivary glands, Spleen. If you've been diagnosed with prostate cancer and you're concerned about prostate cancer metastasis, talk with your doctor about your risk of prostate cancer metastasis and your treatment options. ...Read more
Related to spread: Metastatic refers to a cancer that has spread from the original site that it originated from to a more distant site in the body. For example, if a woman had ovarian cancer and it spread to the lungs then this would be consider metastatic disease. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Colon surgery:tumor size=2cm.Pathologic staging(pt3, n1b, mx).2/17 lymph nodes show metastatic.Margins of resection free of carcinoma.Need chemotherapy?
Yes: Chemotherapy regimens based on the drug Fluorouracil (5-fu) have been part of the treatment for high-risk stage ii or stage iii colon cancer. Many clinical trials have shown that these regimens improve overall survival primarily by reducing the high risk of recurrence within the first two years after surgery. ...Read more
Many rt. Paratracheal/mediastinal, bilateral hilar nodes consistent w/metastasis. Right subcarinal metastatic node mass 3cm. Max suv 9.1. Lung cancer?
Needs Biopsy: Is there a known primary cancer? If not, you will need a biopsy of one of the nodes. Your doctor may suggest a mediastinoscopy and biopsy to get a tissue specimen. There are other causes of mediastinal node enlargement such as infection and sarcoidosis so it is important to make a definite diagnosis. Good luck. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers