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Doctor insights on: Lyme Vaccine Humans

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Parvovirus contagious to humans?

Parvovirus contagious to humans?

Yes, human to human: Parvovirus b19 is a causative organism of fifth disease in children. The same virus also affects pregnant women resulting in fetal hydrops, intrauterine growth retardation, and death. ...Read more

Dr. Mark Diamond
1,114 doctors shared insights

Vaccinations (Definition)

Latin word for cow, vacca, because of the smallpox/cowpox work of edward jenner, vaccination is the administration of a substance, live organism or otherwise, that stimulates the immune response to prevent a specific disease. Primarily a preventative procedure, some vaccines can ...Read more


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Can humans catch west nile encephalitis?

Can humans catch west nile encephalitis?

Mosquito bites: West nile virus must be produced in high numbers before being passed through mosquitoes. Birds are far and away the most frequent carriers. Robins look like they might be responsible for spread all over the country. Mosquitoes have to feed on the infected robin and then pass the virus on to human beings through a bite. ...Read more

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Do all ticks carry borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that causes Lyme disease?

Do all ticks carry borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that causes Lyme disease?

No: The total population of ticks in any grassy, wodded area could be in the millions. Several published studies on tick populations have shown 25-30% of the ticks were carrying lyme in an endemic area (an area where lyme disease is present). ...Read more

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How are humans infected by west nile virus?

How are humans infected by west nile virus?

Mosquito bite: West Nile Virus is a mosquito borne infection that originated in the tropics. It causes a flu-like syndrome in 20% of those infected . It causes neuroinvasive disease in ...Read more

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Is there a human rabies vaccine?

Is there a human rabies vaccine?

Yes: Rabies in humans is rare, but there is a vaccine. It is not given to everyone. Rather, it is given to those at high risk or those who have been exposed. ...Read more

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How is human parvo virus transmitted?

How is human parvo virus transmitted?

Fifth disease: Here is a nice discussion by the cdc on your question. http://www.cdc.gov/parvovirusb19/fifth-disease.html. ...Read more

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Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it. Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria? Thank-you!

Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it.  Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria?  Thank-you!

No: The diphtheria proteins used for PCV-13 (Prevnar) are not antigenic for diphtheria. That means they are not recognized by the body to produce an immune response. They just help carry the pneumococcal proteins into the appropriate cells to create the immune response for the pneumococcal bacteria. ...Read more

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How can rickettsia prowazeckii (epidemic typhus) reproduce?

How can rickettsia prowazeckii (epidemic typhus) reproduce?

Epidemic Typhus: Rickettsia prowazekii only replicate within host cells. ...Read more

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Do hepatitis-b vaccines and Hib vaccines contain 'thimerosal' cause autism?

Do hepatitis-b vaccines and Hib vaccines contain 'thimerosal' cause autism?

No: Information about thimerosal since 2001, with the exception of some influenza (flu) vaccines, thimerosal is not used as a preservative in routinely recommended childhood vaccines. www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/concerns/thimerosal thimerosal is a mercury-containing preservative used in some vaccines and other products since the 1930's. There is no convincing evidence of harm caused ... ...Read more

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Is it true that body lice, fleas, mites, and ticks can transmit rickettsial diseases?

Is it true that body lice, fleas, mites, and ticks can transmit rickettsial diseases?

Yup: Ticks...Rocky mountain spotted fever fleas...Murine typhus mites....Scrub typhus lice...Epidemic typhus. ...Read more

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Do all human herpes viruses trigger guillain barre syndrome?

Do all human herpes viruses trigger guillain barre syndrome?

No: Guillain barre syndrome etiology unclear. Association with viral infection and vaccination suspected. Not necessarily all herpes virus cause guillain barre syndrome. ...Read more

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Which tick can cause Lyme Disease? Dog fleas?

Which tick can cause Lyme Disease? Dog fleas?

Deer ticks - Ixodes: Certain ticks are associated with certain diseases. For Lyme disease, classically the 'deer tick' is described- Ixodes scapularis. Deer ticks go through several stages in their life cycle-and the nymphs or younger ones can be extremely small-maybe as big as a pin head. The adults are easier to spot. Dog ticks are larger and are associated with different tick-borne diseases. Good to take precaution ...Read more

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Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?

Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?

Activated rabies vac: Yes. They activate dendritic cells and presumptively enhance immune function in that fashion. J virol 2011 feb; 85(4) :1634-44. ...Read more

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May mosquitoes carry Lyme disease?

No: Lime disease is caused by a bacteria that is spread by infected ticks. That tick must attach and feed on a person long enough that the germ is passed thru the bite. ...Read more

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How long does post-exposure rabies vaccine last in humans?

How long does post-exposure rabies vaccine last in humans?

2 yrs: In general, completion of the anti-rabies series will protect for exposures during the 2 years following completion of the series. Those in high risk professions are advised to get boosters or have an antibody titer checked to see if a booster is needed for protection to remain high. ...Read more

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Dr. Mark Diamond
1,091 doctors shared insights

Immunization (Definition)

The body is artificially exposed to a dead or weakened organism of a type able to cause disease. The body fights the organism and learns to protect itself, so disease will not develop if exposed to ...Read more


Dr. Randy Baker
660 doctors shared insights

Lyme Disease (Definition)

A tick-borne illness caused by the bacterium borrelia burgdorferi that results in symptoms of fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin ...Read more