Doctor insights on:
Lyme Vaccine Humans
Latin word for cow, vacca, because of the smallpox/cowpox work of edward jenner, vaccination is the administration of a substance, live organism or otherwise, that stimulates the immune response to prevent a specific disease. Primarily a preventative procedure, some vaccines can ...Read more
Mosquito bites: West nile virus must be produced in high numbers before being passed through mosquitoes. Birds are far and away the most frequent carriers. Robins look like they might be responsible for spread all over the country. Mosquitoes have to feed on the infected robin and then pass the virus on to human beings through a bite. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it. Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria? Thank-you!
No: The diphtheria proteins used for PCV-13 (Prevnar) are not antigenic for diphtheria. That means they are not recognized by the body to produce an immune response. They just help carry the pneumococcal proteins into the appropriate cells to create the immune response for the pneumococcal bacteria. ...Read more
Epidemic Typhus: Rickettsia prowazekii only replicate within host cells. ...Read more
No: Information about thimerosal since 2001, with the exception of some influenza (flu) vaccines, thimerosal is not used as a preservative in routinely recommended childhood vaccines. www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/concerns/thimerosal thimerosal is a mercury-containing preservative used in some vaccines and other products since the 1930's. There is no convincing evidence of harm caused ... ...Read more
Deer ticks - Ixodes: Certain ticks are associated with certain diseases. For Lyme disease, classically the 'deer tick' is described- Ixodes scapularis. Deer ticks go through several stages in their life cycle-and the nymphs or younger ones can be extremely small-maybe as big as a pin head. The adults are easier to spot. Dog ticks are larger and are associated with different tick-borne diseases. Good to take precaution ...Read more
Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?
Activated rabies vac: Yes. They activate dendritic cells and presumptively enhance immune function in that fashion. J virol 2011 feb; 85(4) :1634-44. ...Read more
2 yrs: In general, completion of the anti-rabies series will protect for exposures during the 2 years following completion of the series. Those in high risk professions are advised to get boosters or have an antibody titer checked to see if a booster is needed for protection to remain high. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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