Doctor insights on:
Lung Cancer In 20s
If I smoked in my 20s then moved away from major cities and pollution at 40, is my risk for lung cancer high?
Higher than normal:
Any time you smoke, you increase the risk of lung cancer. Even if you quit, the risk is still higher than someone who has never smoked.
But, this doesn't mean that you should, then, keep smoking. The sooner you stop smoking the better. And the issue of whether someone develops lung cancer or not depends on many factors in addition to smoking, such as genetic disposition, etxc. But stop smoking. ...Read more
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Several causes...: But the most common correlation with lung cancer is smoking. Smoking alone will increase your risk of lung cancer by about 20 times by smoking one pack per day for twenty years. Other sources can be genetic (alpha-1 antitrypsin disorder), related to environmental exposures that are inhaled, or other less common reasons. ...Read more
Depends: Staging, location, degree of emphysema, co morbidities will determine symptoms on a particular individual. In general, most patients have no symptoms until late. Bloody sputum sometimes occurs. Some tumors may produce hormones. Weight loss may occur with advanced stage. Pneumonia, stridor, bloody pleural effusions, horner's syndrome, chest wall arm pains. Shortness of breath, recurrent pneumonias. ...Read more
Multidisciplinary.: Several specialties are involved with treating a patient with lung cancer. A pulmonologist, oncologist, surgeon, radiation oncologist. Hence, lung cancer is treated and potentially cured by early detection, surgical removal of the tumor and appropriate treatment with chemotherapy and radiation. Not all cancers can be cured but they can be treated. ...Read more
Stage IA lung cancer that is resected with a lobectomy and lymph node sampling has better than an 80% cure rate. Stage IB, IIA and IIB are also frequently curable.
Unfortunately 75% of lung cancers are Stage II (difficult to cure) or IV (incurable) at the time they are diagnosed ...Read more
Depends...: ...On the kind of cancer and the stage. Small cell cancer is typically treated with chemotherapy plus/minus radiation. Non small cell may be treated with surgery, radiation, or chemo, be it separately or in combination. If this is about you or a relative, the treating oncologist should go over the treatment plan that applies to the specific situation. ...Read more
A question of the form can A show B is almost always answered maybe, because you cannot completely exclude the possibility that it may or may not demonstrate the finding in question.
also a mass has to have at least 1, 000, 000, 000 cells before it is visible on a contemporary scan. ...Read more
Stage dependent: Odds of surviving lung cancer depend upon the stage (extent/spread) of the cancer at the time of diagnosis. A small tumor that is confined to the lung and has not spread to lymph nodes (stage 1) may be completely cured. An advanced tumor that is large and has spread to lymph nodes and other organs (such as brain/liver/adrenal glands) will be treated but will be challenging to completely cure. ...Read more
Very variable: This varies with cancer type and route of spread among other factors. At the time of diagnosis, small cell lung cancer is more often already spread to other organs. Non-small cell cancer can stay as small lung nodules for a couple of years before picking up speed. Spreading via the blood vessels can be sometimes faster than spread through the lymph nodes. ...Read more
None in early stages: Lung cancer may not produce any noticeable symptoms in the early stages. In approximately 40 percent of people diagnosed with lung cancer, the diagnosis is made after the disease has advanced. In one third of those diagnosed, the cancer has reached stage 3. Cough, weight loss, blood in sputum, hoarseness, and shortness of breath are some symptoms. ...Read more
Depends on stage...: The best predictor of surviving lung cancer is the stage or extent of the disease at diagnosis. If the cancer is small and has not spread out of the lungs, then much better odds of survival. If the cancer is large and has spread to lymph nodes and other organs (like liver, adrenals, or brain), then long term survival is less likely. ...Read more
Early on, no symptoms. May be identified on x-ray or ct for something independent.
hemoptysis- coughing blood
pain in apex or chest wall
shortness of breath.
Progress from tiny, to small stage 1, to local spread to lymph nodes,
to spread with distant metastasis stage 4. ...Read more
Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more
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