Doctor insights on:
Lung Cancer And Pleural Effusion
My mother, 77, was recently diagnosed w Stage IV lung cancer w malignant pleural effusion. She started spitting up yellow bile. Is it spreading?
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Is it possible that CT scan shows no pleural masses while I have lung cancer and massive effusion?
Unusual but yes.: CT scans have limited resolution. They do NOT see everything. Usually large pleural effusions come from significant disease, but not always cancer. The only way to tell is to have the pleural effusion drained & sent for cytology & other testing (culture). The lab techs can spin down the fluid, isolate cells or bacteria that may be causing it. Talk to a pulmonologist or your primary doc. Good luck! ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Does no focal consolidation, no effusion, or obvious pneumothorax in X-ray mean I should not stress myself out about having lung cancer?
It depends: Breast cancers come in many "flavors", and this will determine the treatment. Usually it's a form of chemotherapy given by mouth or by vein. Xeloda is given by mouth, and there are many intravenous chemotherapies. Sometimes hormone blocking medications are very effective if the cancer has the estrogen or Progesterone receptor on its surface. Herceptin (trastuzumab) is useful if it has her2 on its surface. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more
Fluid around lungs has many causes. It can be exudate(thick i.E pus from infection, malignancy etc) or transudative(heart failure). It may be treated based on the problem found by sampling(thoracentesis). Labs on the fluid help the clinician determine the etiology. For recurring pleural fluid, sometime pleuradesis is necessary to hep prevent recurrance. Need ...Read more