Doctor insights on:
Lung Calcification Treatment
Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more
Depends: on size and symptoms , 2 cm or more size can rapture . the one with calcium deposit is better than the one with out . treatment varies from close observation done more often , , endo-vascular stent and even bench surgery where the kidney is removed and re-implanted ( like renal transplant ) ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: The appearance/radiological description of a lung infiltrate can be helpful, but still non specific, unless it is part of the overall evaluation of the patient. In other words, the most accurate diagnoses depends on accurate history taking, physical examination, chest x ray description/appearance, and some bloodwork. Some common bugs may have atypical appearances on x ray, and viceversa... ...Read more
Chest X-ray Hyperinflamed lung and perihilar bronchitis changes are seen.No acute pulmonary or pleural disease.25 year,non smoker,Please explain findi?
Might be normal: I obviously have to make some assumptions without seeing the films myself. First, I believe that "hyperinflated" was meant instead of hyperinflamed, as it is a more common term. It is used often when lungs appear over expanded.Although it sometimes suggests air trapping seen in asthma, or copd... It tends to be overused...and is often seen in normal people who are able to take a very Deep breath ...Read more
It depends: Breast cancers come in many "flavors", and this will determine the treatment. Usually it's a form of chemotherapy given by mouth or by vein. Xeloda is given by mouth, and there are many intravenous chemotherapies. Sometimes hormone blocking medications are very effective if the cancer has the estrogen or Progesterone receptor on its surface. Herceptin (trastuzumab) is useful if it has her2 on its surface. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
See details: Please ask this question to the doctor who ordered the tests. That doctor is the only one who can put this result in context for you. The reading, unfortunately, suggests the underlying cause is a malignancy. However, there are other possible causes. That is why your own doctor will be the best one to provide an answer. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Several posibilities: Often this may be due to infections like histoplasmosis (which is quite frequent in the mid-west), but the best thing to do is to have this thoroughly evaluated by a pulmonary (lung) expert. It may require bronchoscopy after appropriate imaging studies, and possibly other procedures, but the importance of establishing a firm diagnosis cannot be over-estimated. Good luck. ...Read more
Multilobulated pulmonary mass w/calcifications in left upper lobe. Neoplastic disease vs inflammatory/infectious process. rule out metastatic disease ?
In general...: IN GENERAL, a multilobulated mass is more likely malignant, one with calcifications is less likely. As in much else, size matters, with bigger being more worrisome. If you're smoker, more likely malignant, if from place of endemic TB or histoplasmosis, risk of chronic infection rises. You'll need to be evaluated by a pulmonologist, who will very likely recommend biopsy. ...Read more
Ct angiogram shows non calcified opacity on middle lobe 4mm. Appearance of benign intrapulmonary lymph node on lung with no pleural abnormalites.
Opacity: The question to your doctor should be - is this an incidental pulmonary nodule or something more concerning. If the ct angio was done for something completely unrelated, and it was a true incidental finding, some guidelines say that under a certain size (4mm) for low risk patients (no smoking, etc), then no follow up is needed. Otherwise a biopsy or interval imaging followup is appropriate. ...Read more
Pneumonia: Primary lung infection most commonly means pneumonia. Regression means that the infection has decreased since the last study. Hyperaerated lungs can mean that the patient took an intentional deep inspiration or that there is air trapping due to airway blockage, which can be due to asthma, COPD, and other causes. ...Read more
Xray results showed perihilarbronchial wall thickening w/ perihliar densities w/out evidence of pleural effusion, focal consolidation or pneumothorax?
My chess X-ray result :bilateral apical pleural thickening with underlying sub pleural blebs.
Is it a TB scar ?
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