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Doctor insights on: Liver Encephalopathy

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Can anything else mimic hepatic encephalopathy? liver tests came back with no cirrhosis? former drinker, quit a month ago

Can anything else mimic hepatic encephalopathy? liver tests came back with no cirrhosis? former drinker, quit a month ago

Mimics: Hepatic encepahlopathy can be mimicked by drug side effects, infections, very low or high blood sugar, thryoid disorders, changes in kidney function (very high BUN), and changes in sodium, calcium, and potassium, to consider a few causes. ...Read more

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Dr. Barbara Lavi
2 doctors shared insights

Liver (Definition)

This organ plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. It lies below the diaphragm in the abdominal-pelvic region of the abdomen. It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion via the emulsification of ...Read more


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What are causes of encephalopathy in liver diseases?

What are causes of encephalopathy in liver diseases?

Ammonia: Ammonia is the waste product that is normally utilized by a healthy liver. When the liver is sick, it will not process ammonia and it will poison the brain. ...Read more

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How long does a person have to live when diagnosed with severe liver failure and hepatic encephalopathy?

Depends: If they can tolerate and respond to supportive treatment, then can be months. Often those two diagnoses will qualify for hospice care, as not all respond, and most have other health issues complicating management. Untreated or no response to tx usually less than 1 month. ...Read more

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How long can a person with cirrhosis of the liver and mild hepatic encephalopathy live if transplant is not an option ?

Depends.: If encephalopathy is manageable with lactulose and everything else is stable (no variceal bleeds, normal protime and albumin) - could be years. If drinking continues, could bleed out tomorrow. ...Read more

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How long can a person with cirrhosis of the liver and mild hepatic encephalopathy live if transplant is not an option due to advanced age (80 yrs)?

Depends on MELD: Difficult to estimate survival in patients with cirrhosis until their meld or child's score becomes elevated. If one's meld score is high, mortality in the next 3months is high. Otherwise it is very difficult to predict. Follow closely with your physician so that symptoms of cirrhosis can be managed. ...Read more

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Can liver disease present with only hepatic encephalopathy, with normal bloodwork and no other symptoms or is this something else possibly?

Encephalopathy: It would be inordinately unusual to develop hepatic encephalopathy with "normal bloodwork", but without knowing what tests to which you are referring it is difficult to answer this question intelligently. It does sound like something entirely different may be going on. Best wishes for a successful outcome. ...Read more

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My aunts been diagnosed with chronic liver disease, she's in hepatic encephalopathy, she's also having 4.6 creatinine, what could be the cause?

My aunts been diagnosed with chronic liver disease, she's in hepatic encephalopathy, she's also having 4.6 creatinine, what could be the cause?

Too many: There are far too many possibilities to go into on a forum such as this. That would be an appropriate question for her treating physician. ...Read more

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What happens if you have hepatic encephalopathy and do not get a liver transplant?

What happens if you have hepatic encephalopathy and do not get a liver transplant?

Liver failure: Hepatic encephalopathy usually means that your liver is not functioning properly. This tends to be one of the later symptoms of liver failure. If left untreated, liver failure will ultimately cause death. Some patients are candidates for liver transplantation which can be very effective. ...Read more

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Are there different levels of hepatic encephalopathy? Is the condition reversible if liver transplant is ruled out?

Are there different levels of hepatic encephalopathy? Is the condition reversible if liver transplant is ruled out?

Yes: There are 5 stages of hepatic encephalopqthy. It is treatable even if transplant not an option. Ask the transplant hepatolgist (the liver doc) to help with this problem. ...Read more

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Dr. Michael DePietro
133 doctors shared insights

Encephalopathy (Definition)

Encephalon means brain, pathy means abnormal, so the full term means abnormal brain. I see the statement used by many of my colleagues, but it is not a diagnosis, ...Read more