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Doctor insights on: List The Primary Features Of Autism

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Do kids with autism have distinct physical features?

Do kids with autism have distinct physical features?

Not always: Autism is a categorical diagnosis based on observable behaviors. Genetic tests are part of medical evaluation, as are thorough physical & neurological exams. We examine & measure head size (often large) facial features, & other body parts for dysmorphism (unusual appearance) & use a woods lamp to see abnormal skin pigmentation.. Over 30 known syndromes cause autism & intellectual disability. ...Read more

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Dr. Johanna Fricke
623 doctors shared insights

Autism (Definition)

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting three areas: abnormal socialization, communication, and restricted interests with repetitive patterns of behavior. It is usually detected in the first two years of life. Cause is unknown but strong evidence points to an interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Patients with autism may display significant delays in certain developmental areas while having normal or superior strengths in other developmental or learning domains. The severity of the disorder is highly variable ...Read more


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Can people who have aspergers a high functioning form of autism be on the organ wait list?

Can people who have aspergers a high functioning form of autism be on the organ wait list?

It there's need: If a person with asperger's needs an organ such as liver, heart, kidney, etc, s/he can be on the transplant list like anyone else. Transplant teams have established criteria for screening potential patients, though. They want to be sure the person will be able to participate in treatment and take care of themselves & their new organ. Asperger's alone would be unlikely to impair this. ...Read more

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What's the primary cause for autism or autistic spectrum disorder?

What's the primary cause for autism or autistic spectrum disorder?

Cause Unknown: Risk factors include genetics, pre-/perinatal factors, neuroanatomical abnormalities, & environmental factors. No single gene can account for autism. There seems to be multiple genes involved. Possibly maternal gestational diabetes, maternal/paternal age over 30, bleeding after first trimester, use of prescription medication during pregnancy, & meconium in the amniotic fluid but not conclusive. ...Read more

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Why do some people with autism have unusual facial features but others look normal?

Why do some people with autism have unusual facial features but others look normal?

Dysmorphism: Or unusual physical features are seen in many genetic disorders, some of which have intellectual disability &/or autism as part of their neurodevelopmental profile. ...Read more

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Some people with autism have dysmorphic facial features but others look normal. Why is that?

Some people with autism have dysmorphic facial features but others look normal. Why is that?

Many causes of autis: Their are many causes of autism. Many of these disorders are genetic in origin. In some of those patients they may well have dysmorphic or abnormal facial appearance. In other cases they appear to have a perfectly normal physical examination. Be sure and check with your child's provider if you have a specific question. ...Read more

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How many people are affected by autism each year in the U.S.?

Autism Spectrum Dis.: About 1 in 68 children are identified as ASD according to estimates from the Center for Disease Control. The average Prevalence in USA is 1%. ...Read more

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How is asperger’s syndrome related to autism?

Related: Usually the asperger patient has better language ability than the autistic patient. One could also consider them to be different sections of a spectrum of continuity. Some people call it high functioning autism. In my opinion the exact label doesn't matter a great deal, it is what are the needs of the child and make sure those needs are addressed. ...Read more

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What’s the variation in development in infants with autism?

What’s the variation in development in infants with autism?

Considerable: Children on the autism spectrum present with considerable variation in communication skills, motor + other developmental delays. Changes may be subtle. The m-chat or modified checklist for autism in toddlers is a screening tool for possible autism. Drs use this tool in toddlers from 12-18 mos of age. If an infant has developmental delays- they need referral to a specialist to confirm diagnosis. ...Read more

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Is it possible there is a cure(s) for autism and schizophrenia?

Not yet: However, researchers are trying to find ways to cure them. Schizophrenia can be maintained well on medications. They are also making advances in communication skills for autistic people using computerized technology which is very hopeful. ...Read more

Dr. Johanna Fricke
516 doctors shared insights

Autism Spectrum Disorder (Definition)

Autism spectrum disorder, also called pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), is a type of condition that includes life-long impairment in the ability to communicate and to have normal social interactions. These include ...Read more