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Doctor insights on: List Common Birth Defects

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Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
841 doctors shared insights

Congenital Abnormalities (Definition)

Abnormalites that are present at birth. Also known as birth defects. For example- cleft palate is a congenital abnormalities. Another example congenital heart disease is the presence of a ...Read more


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Are heart birth defects cause for major concern?

Are heart birth defects cause for major concern?

Yes: Some more than others. Vsd, a type of "hole in the heart", sometimes closes on its own, while others may be life-threatening within minutes of birth. ...Read more

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Are congenital defects the same as birth defects?

Yes: Here is a primer on the terms congenital refers to being present at birth. Anomalies, abnormalities, defects are often used interchangeably. Not all are genetic or familial. Malformation and deformation mean different things. Malformation is an anomaly due to abnormal formation of a structure. Deformation is a change in a structure due to forces like pressure, eg, in cases of low amniotic fluid. ...Read more

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Benzodiazepines cause birth defects according to research. Which specific birth defects do they cause?

Benzodiazepines cause birth defects according to research. Which specific birth defects do they cause?

Cleft lip/palate: A recent British medical Journal did an extensive meta-analysis of all the major studies in benzodiazepines and found a slightly increased risk, about 1.79 x greater risk of cleft lip and palate than the general population...no other major malformations reached clinical significance ...Read more

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What are the most common birth defects?

What are the most common birth defects?

See below: About 3% of the babies are born with birth defects and there are about 20 common defects. You may wish to consult the webpage below to get more details. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/data.html. ...Read more

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Are congenital diseases the same as birth defects?

Are congenital diseases the same as birth defects?

Terminology issue: Defects in the formation of the heart are sometimes labeled as "congenital heart disease" to distinguish them from the diseases of the adult heart. The term is rarely used for cleft lip or open spine defects that are more readily termed birth defects. One could be born with an infection at birth, but it is more a transient visitor than a birth defect,Medical terms must be judged by their context. ...Read more

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Which side effects of birth control pills are most common?

Which side effects of birth control pills are most common?

Water retention: Water retention, breast engorgement, weight gain, indirectly can elevate the bp.Blood clot especially if one is smoker and has sedentary life style or travelling long distance in car or via plane .Spotting or break through bleeding . Some times can cause headache. ...Read more

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Can Accutane cause birth defects?

It WILL cause defect: "The baseline population risk of malformations is 3-5%, but it increases to almost 30% in women exposed to isotretinoin during the first trimester of pregnancy." see http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19961047 Many are profound, horrible defects--absent ears, tiny brain, deafness and blindness. Effects may occur many months after a woman ceases taking it. ...Read more

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Incest cause birth defects and other reproductive harm?

Incest cause birth defects and other reproductive harm?

Possible: In addition to the trauma of the incestous abuse, there is a higher risk of birth and congenital abnormalities in pregnacies and births resulting from incest due to the resulting gene loading in families with hereditary problems. ...Read more

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What other defects do infants with gastrointestinal tract birth defects have?

What other defects do infants with gastrointestinal tract birth defects have?

Depends: Sometimes these occur as isolated events and sometimes other organ systems are involved. ...Read more

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How many different heart birth defects are there?

How many different heart birth defects are there?

Several: There are several types of heart defects, but doctors usually classify them into several broad categories. Cyanotic defects cause your baby to turn cyanotic, or blue. Obstructive defects block the normal flow of blood through the heart and its associated blood vessels. Septal defects cause "holes" between the heart's chambers. And hypoplastic defects make one side of the heart smaller. ...Read more

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Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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What are some rare birth defects from older fathers?

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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What are some rare birth defects from older fathers?

See below: Marfan syndrome, apert syndrome, and achodroplasia are associated with advanced paternal age. ...Read more

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What causes birth defects of the heart?

What causes birth defects of the heart?

Several factors: The heart develops rather early so medication exposure in the first trimester can sometimes cause heart problems. Chromosomal or genetic issues also can cause heart problems, . ...Read more

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What are birth defects from anticonvulsants?

What are birth defects from anticonvulsants?

Several types: Major congenital malformations include: spina bifida or heart defects. Other important ones include cleft lip or cleft palate. More subtle, but still important ones include effects on learning and cognition during childhood. Not all anticonvulsants do theses things to the same degree. The total daily dose often helps to determine the frequency of these defects. ...Read more

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Does azathioprine cause cause birth defects in men?

Does azathioprine cause cause birth defects in men?

Data presented on : This site http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/m/pubmed/15023170/ suggest an ?ed risk of congenital abnormalities. Since affected progeny had the same disorders as their fathers, a causal association with an immunosuppressant could not be proven. Please consult your wife's ob-gyn & request a pre-pregnancy visit with a prenatal genetic counselor to assist you in decision-making. ...Read more

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Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

No: Murmurs that are not caused by an abnormality are common. They are called "functional murmurs", and are of no concern whatsoever. ...Read more

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What are common side effects for loestrin 24 (birth control)?

What are common side effects for loestrin 24 (birth control)?

Most have none: Most women who take birth control pills have no side effects, but the most common side effect in the first 1-3 months is irregular, unpredictable bleeding that gets better over time. Other possible side effects include breast tenderness, nausea, mood changes, headaches. One serious potential risk, although rare, is an increased risk of blood clots in your legs or traveling to your lungs. ...Read more

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Can listeriosis cause birth defects?

Can listeriosis cause birth defects?

Stillbirth: Our biggest concern is that listeria infection in the expectant woman can cause death of her fetus. There have been cases traced to eating contaminated cheese and cold cuts. Please see my guide on what food to feed your family (and fetus); there are two answers and links to food safety there. ...Read more

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What are the birth defects caused by birth control hormones?

What are the birth defects caused by birth control hormones?

None: The hormones in birth control pills, or Progesterone shots ("depo provera") are not thought to cause birth defects. Many women inadvertently take birth control after they have already conceived and their children do not seem to have any increased risk of birth defects. ...Read more

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Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
478 doctors shared insights

Birth Defects (Definition)

A physical or biochemical abnormality that is present at birth- it may be inherited or ...Read more