Doctor insights on:
Level Of Diabetes
Diabetes is a disease of increased blood glucose levels. Glucose is a type of sugar that comes from the intake of food. Insulin is a type of hormone that removes the glucose from the blood and moves it into the cells to provide them with energy. There are two different types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not make any insulin. Therefore, glucose stays inside the blood and does not move into the cells. Type 2 diabetes, which is commonly associated with obesity, is when the body is either resistant to the effects of insulin or when the body does not produce enough insulin. Increased levels of glucose in the body causes severe damage to the ...Read more
Diabetes: The diagnosis of diabetes is based having either a fasting blood glucose (from a blood draw) of 126 mg/dl on 2 separate days or a random blood glucose of 200 one time with symptoms like increase thirst and urination. Other test like a glucose tolerance test and a hemoglobin a1c can also be used to diagnosis diabetes. ...Read more
My last blood test shows Glucose level 116 mg/dl. Would this level indicate Diabetes II. ?
I am 85 and healthy.
Not diabetes: Hi. That value (116) would only be diagnostic if it were FASTING. A random (non-fasting) glucose of 116 is not abnormal. If your glucose of 116 was fasting, it's still not diabetes, but falls into the "impaired fasting glucose (IFG)" category (100-125 range). IFG is considered "pre diabetes", and has a higher rate of progression to diabetes. Eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly. Good luck! ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No affect: Smoking does not affect glucose levels. However, it is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and in combination with diabetes, increases the risk substantially. In the overall scheme of things, stopping smoking is more important than any medication or treatment for diabetes. ...Read more
A Better average: Sugar level fluctuates significantly throughout the 24 hours--dependent on intake and activities level, thus not a reliable measure of control using random testing. Glycosylated hemoglobin (a1c) is a by product of sugar metabolism and higher sugar over time=higher a1c. A1c testing is not dependent on fasting. It is an "average" measurement, thus more reliable. Consult doc. Good luck. ...Read more
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