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Doctor insights on: Leptospirosis In Sheep

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How rare is rat lungworm in humans in louisiana, usa?

Not common: Good that it is not common in humans in the U.S. It has showed up in hawaii and louisiana. Some of the things it can lead to are serious. ...Read more

Dr. Leonard Mermel
52 doctors shared insights

Leptospirosis (Definition)

A severe infection caused by a specific bacteria that usually occurs in warmer climates. The bacteria is typically found in fresh water that is ...Read more


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Does the disease leptospirosis transferred from rat feces?

Does the disease leptospirosis transferred from rat feces?

No, Rodent urine: Leptospirosis is maintained in nature by chronic kidney infection of rodents and other small mammal resevoirs. These animals may be infected at birth and excrete leptospires continuously throughout life. Human infection occurs through direct or indirect contact with urine or tissues of infected animals. Indirect contact with contaminated water or soil causes the majority of cases. ...Read more

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What are some common genera of pathogenic bacteria that have no species found in the human body naturally? Borrelia? Brucella? Yersinia? Mycoplasma?

What are some common genera of pathogenic bacteria that have no species found in the human body naturally?  Borrelia? Brucella? Yersinia? Mycoplasma?

The Microbiome... : Great thought question. However, you are assuming we know all the community of species of bacteria in the body (aka. The microbiome). Recently, we have discovered thousands of genera in our body through molecular techniques (most don't even have a name yet). Though it's tempting to generalize, the question you pose can't be answered with any reliability with what we know today. ...Read more

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How rare is rat lungworm in louisiana, usa?

Not sure: It has showed up in louisiana and hawaii. But, not that common, as far as i know of. ...Read more

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Could mosquito bites or bugs spread aids in human beings?

Could mosquito bites or bugs spread aids in human beings?

No: insects / mosquitos are not vectors for HIV. The virus is too fragile to remain alive in the body of a mosquito. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of bird flu in humans in asia?

What are the symptoms of bird flu in humans in asia?

Same as Flu: Fever, breathing problems, cough, aches and pains, shortness of breath and in severe cases death. ...Read more

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How does yersinia reproduce? Only in rats and fleas?

How does yersinia reproduce?  Only in rats and fleas?

Plague: Yersinia pestis replicates like other bacteria. It grows well in rodents and fleas as well as other mammals like humans. ...Read more

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How common is rabies found in cats than dog?

How common is rabies found in cats than dog?

Rabies: Rabies are more common in cats than dogs, especially feral cats ...Read more

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What are proteins found in the human immunodeficiency virus?

What are proteins found in the human immunodeficiency virus?

HIV proteins: Hiv particles surround themselves with a coat of fatty material known as the viral envelope (or membrane). Projecting from this are around 72 little spikes, which are formed from the proteins gp120 and gp41. Just below the viral envelope is a layer called the matrix, which is made from the protein p17. ...Read more

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Cats and pasteurella multocida transmission to humans, is this possible?

Cats and pasteurella multocida transmission to humans, is this possible?

Yes: Pasteurella multocida is a gram-negative, coccobacillus that causes the majority of wound infections from cat ; dog bites. ...Read more

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Are parasites contagious from human to human?

Are parasites contagious from human to human?

Depends: There are many kinds of parasites. Most are not transmitted from person to person, but some are. Giardiasis and amebiasis can be transmitted from person to person, usually during sex when there is oral-fecal or oral-anal contact. Pinworms are easily transmitted within households, especially among children. Skin parasites such as scabies and crab lice are also transmitted from person to person. ...Read more

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In humans why is rabies called hydrophobia?

In humans why is rabies called hydrophobia?

Pharyngeal spasm: Drinking fluids can cause intense spasm in the throat so rabid patients tend to avoid drinking. ...Read more

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Is Mycobacterium Chelonae contagious from human to human?

Not really: This bug is everywhere in our environment and only people with immune problems typically are affected/ ...Read more

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By what means do animals (mammals) get infected with rabies virus?

Rabies: Rabies is carried in the animal's saliva. When they bite other animals they transmit the infection. ...Read more

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Is rabies-infected meat dangerous for human consumption in foreign countries?

Possibly raw milk: Rabies virus can be found in unpasteurized milk of rabid animals and there are a few anecdotal reports of transmission possibly. There have been several large scale post-exposure prophylaxis incidents involved unpasteurized milk from a rabid cow. ...Read more

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Can leptospirosis be contracted from drinking?

Can leptospirosis be contracted from drinking?

Yes: If you drink water containing the urine of an infected animal, you can get the disease. ...Read more

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Do people with leptospirosis have a lot of pain?

They certainly can!: Leptospirosis can cause significant flu-like body pains. That seems to get better after 1-2 weeks then more serious problems set in including severe organ damage. Leptospirosis must be diagnosed and treated promptly and appropriately to avoid serious problems! ...Read more

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Can you get leptospirosis from a pet bunny rabbit?

Can you get leptospirosis from a pet bunny rabbit?

Highly unlikely-: Other infections such as franciscella tularensis (tularemia) potentially, yes- but not leptospirosis from petting a bunny. However, if you are the one responsible for cleaning up rodent feces and urine, you could get it if the bunny is infected and one were to inhale dtried particles of its feces or urine. ...Read more

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Can I get leptospirosis from being near someone who is infected?

Can I get leptospirosis from being near someone who is infected?

No: Mostly infected by contact with cuts, scrapes, or nose or mouth contact with infected animal urine or water or soil contaminated with infected animal urine. There are cases of person to person spread with sexual contact and breast feeding, but not just from being near someone. ...Read more

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What are the tests for leptospirosis?

See below: Clinical features and lab testing are not specific, a high index of suspicion must be maintained for the diagnosis. Cultures can be done growing the bacteria. Serologic test: labs and include the microscopic agglutination test (mat), macroscopic agglutination test, indirect hemagglutination, and elisa. Mat is considered the gold standard. Molecular techniques (pcr) are being developed. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of leptospirosis?

Flu-like symptoms: The disease starts with a fever, headache, and other flu-like symptoms. After recovering from those symptoms, you can then go on to develop meningitis, kidney failure, and liver damage with jaundice. ...Read more

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What is the life cycle of leptospirosis ?

See answer below: The following link provides a fairly detailed description: http://www.leptospirosis.org/life-cycle-of-pathogenic-leptospires/ ...Read more

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Can you tell me how leptospirosis effect humans?

Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis symptoms can include: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, jaundice, fever, chills, muscle pain, chills, headache and rash in the first phase. If a person goes on to have the second phase of the illness they develop renal or hepatic failure as well as meningitis. ...Read more

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How much time does it take to cure leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis: can last variable periods ranging for several days to about 3 weeks with treatment. . Without medical treatment it may take up to several months to recover depending on severity of illness. ...Read more

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What choices do I have for treating leptospirosis?

A few choices: If the patient isn't so sick, then oral Doxycycline is a good choice. In sicker patients, penicillin g IV therapy is preferred. More recent trials have shown that third-generation cephalosporins are as effective as Doxycycline and penicillin in treating this disease. The crucial step is to actually be thinking about this diagnosis in the right situation. ...Read more

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How is leptospirosis transmitted and how is it treated?

Surroundings: Humans most often become infected after exposure to environmental sources, such as animal urine, contaminated water or soil, or infected animal tissue. Portals of entry include cuts or abraded skin, mucous membranes or conjunctiva. The vast majority of infections with leptospira are self-limiting. Although penicillins, tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, and Erythromycin have antileptospiral activity. ...Read more

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How do I know if I have leptospirosis (weil's disease)?

Weil' s Disease is: actually the second phase of the illness when one could develop renal or hepatic failure as well as meningitis. However, many only have one phase. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, jaundice, fever, chills, muscle pain, chills, headache and rash in the first phase. See your doctor if you believe you may have Leptospirosis. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that can infect both humans & animals. ...Read more

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Is it possible for leptospirosis to transfer from human to dog?

Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic bacterial infection (infecting dogs & humans) that can be spread via urine & other body fluids (not saliva). Infected urine from a dog can remain alive for weeks to months in water & soil. There is a Leptospirosis vaccine for dogs. It is conceivable that a human's infected urine could contaminate water or soil that a dog comes in contact with. (Have never heard of it > ...Read more

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Can you tell me how hot in farinheit does leptospirosis get to survive?

Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis is a disease caused by pathogenic bacteria called leptospires. They are associated with transmission directly or indirectly from animals. These germs are found worldwide but are most common in tropical and subtropical areas- where there's lots of water. They can survive at ambient (room temperatures) and even somewhat hot waters. They can survive in the body (thrive even!) at T 98 ...Read more

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Can you tell me if average of 36.5 to 37 degrees. Do I have leptospirosis?

Sorry: Can't provide a diagnosis with the available information. Take care. ...Read more

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My temparature is an average of 36.5 to 37 degrees. Do I have leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis: I think if you had leptospirosis, you would know it much more clearly. That disease is marked by real fevers, severe muscle pains, and headaches. It doesn't sound like you have any of those. Plus, you would need some exposure factor like visiting Hawaii or working with rats or dogs (as in a vet tech or something). A doctor can check you out if you have doubts. Feel better. ...Read more

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How is leptospirosis spread and what part of the body is most affected by the disease?

Animal urine: You get leptospirosis from contact with the urine of animals, especially rodents. This may occur with the ingestion of contaminated water, food or soil. The disease starts with a fever, headache, and other flu-like symptoms. After recovering from those symptoms, you can then go on to develop meningitis, kidney failure, and liver damage with jaundice. ...Read more

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Does rat bite cause leptospirosis?

Rat bites: Rat bites can cause diseases including rat bite fever, localized abscesses, cellulitis and even tetanus among others. Leptospirosis is associated with rodents although usually it's their urine causing infection. Worse, the rats urine can contaminate water sources and u can contract leptospirosis from that. Rats can facilitate other diseases including plague, tularemia, hanta virus and others. ...Read more

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What is the biology of leptospirosis infections?

See below: Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria (spirochete) called leptospirosis interrogans. It is mainly a tropical disease but does occur in temperate climates too. It can have a variable course from presentation as a subclinical illness followed by antibody response and a self-limiting infection, or a severe, potentially fatal illness with multiorgan failure. See www.Cdc.Gov/leptospirosis/ for more. ...Read more

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Can a woman die from leptospirosis contracted by drinking from an infected soda can?

Can a woman die from leptospirosis contracted by drinking from an infected soda can?

Leptospirosis is: Spread through water contaminated with urine usually from rodents. It would be unlikely for this to occur from the inside of an unopened soda can but the top could be contaminated. Leptospirosis can be fatal but not commonly. ...Read more