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Doctor insights on: Leptospirosis In Humans

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How rare is rat lungworm in humans in louisiana, usa?

Not common: Good that it is not common in humans in the U.S. It has showed up in hawaii and louisiana. Some of the things it can lead to are serious. ...Read more

Dr. Leonard Mermel
50 doctors shared insights

Leptospirosis (Definition)

A severe infection that is caused by a specific bacteria. It usually occurs in warmer climates, and the bacteria may be found in fresh water that is ...Read more


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What are some common genera of pathogenic bacteria that have no species found in the human body naturally? Borrelia? Brucella? Yersinia? Mycoplasma?

What are some common genera of pathogenic bacteria that have no species found in the human body naturally?  Borrelia? Brucella? Yersinia? Mycoplasma?

The Microbiome... : Great thought question. However, you are assuming we know all the community of species of bacteria in the body (aka. The microbiome). Recently, we have discovered thousands of genera in our body through molecular techniques (most don't even have a name yet). Though it's tempting to generalize, the question you pose can't be answered with any reliability with what we know today. ...Read more

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How are humans infected by west nile virus?

How are humans infected by west nile virus?

Mosquito bite: West Nile Virus is a mosquito borne infection that originated in the tropics. It causes a flu-like syndrome in 20% of those infected . It causes neuroinvasive disease in ...Read more

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How does yersinia reproduce? Only in rats and fleas?

How does yersinia reproduce?  Only in rats and fleas?

Plague: Yersinia pestis replicates like other bacteria. It grows well in rodents and fleas as well as other mammals like humans. ...Read more

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Are parasites contagious from human to human?

Are parasites contagious from human to human?

Depends: There are many kinds of parasites. Most are not transmitted from person to person, but some are. Giardiasis and amebiasis can be transmitted from person to person, usually during sex when there is oral-fecal or oral-anal contact. Pinworms are easily transmitted within households, especially among children. Skin parasites such as scabies and crab lice are also transmitted from person to person. ...Read more

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Are prions implicated in any human illness?

Are prions implicated in any human illness?

Yes: Traditionally classified human prion diseases include creuztfeld-jakob diseases (cjd), gerstmann-straussler-scheinker (gss) disease, fatal familial insomnia and kuru. Certain animal prion disease can be transmitted to humans including bovine spongifrm encephalopathy (mad cow disease), chronic wasting disease of mule deer and elk, and scrapie in sheep and goats. ...Read more

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In humans why is rabies called hydrophobia?

Pharyngeal spasm: Drinking fluids can cause intense spasm in the throat so rabid patients tend to avoid drinking. ...Read more

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Can bird mites cause diseases in humans ?

Can bird mites cause diseases in humans ?

Bird Mites: No bird mites (ornithonyssus sylviarum, dermanyssus gallinae) don't normally transmit diseases to humans but can be in a real pain in the butt (& elsewhere) take care. ...Read more

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Can humans catch west nile encephalitis?

Can humans catch west nile encephalitis?

Mosquito bites: West nile virus must be produced in high numbers before being passed through mosquitoes. Birds are far and away the most frequent carriers. Robins look like they might be responsible for spread all over the country. Mosquitoes have to feed on the infected robin and then pass the virus on to human beings through a bite. ...Read more

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Could mosquito bites or bugs spread aids in human beings?

Could mosquito bites or bugs spread aids in human beings?

No: insects / mosquitos are not vectors for HIV. The virus is too fragile to remain alive in the body of a mosquito. ...Read more

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Does the disease leptospirosis transferred from rat feces?

Does the disease leptospirosis transferred from rat feces?

No, Rodent urine: Leptospirosis is maintained in nature by chronic kidney infection of rodents and other small mammal resevoirs. These animals may be infected at birth and excrete leptospires continuously throughout life. Human infection occurs through direct or indirect contact with urine or tissues of infected animals. Indirect contact with contaminated water or soil causes the majority of cases. ...Read more

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How common are parasitic worms in humans?

How common are parasitic worms in humans?

Depends where u live: Parasitic worms are uncommon in developed parts of the world due to sanitary standards in food preparation and pervasive hygeine standards. However there are small numbers of reported cases in developed nations. This may be due to poor hygeine from food preparers, contact with animal waste, or other factors. ...Read more

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Is Mycobacterium Chelonae contagious from human to human?

Not really: This bug is everywhere in our environment and only people with immune problems typically are affected/ ...Read more

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What are proteins found in the human immunodeficiency virus?

What are proteins found in the human immunodeficiency virus?

HIV proteins: Hiv particles surround themselves with a coat of fatty material known as the viral envelope (or membrane). Projecting from this are around 72 little spikes, which are formed from the proteins gp120 and gp41. Just below the viral envelope is a layer called the matrix, which is made from the protein p17. ...Read more

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What pathogen causes croup in humans?

What pathogen causes croup in humans?

Viruses: Paraifluenza virus is the most common etiology, but other viruses (and other causes) can also lead to croup. ...Read more

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Can the rabies virus survive in human stomach acid?

Can the rabies virus survive in human stomach acid?

Likely not: The acid in the stomach kills most things- and in this case destroys most viruses. If you are on a medicine that decreases stomach acid then some thing may not be killed- swallowing rabies virus is not very likely however..... ...Read more