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Doctor insights on: Leprosy Vaccine

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Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it. Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria? Thank-you!

Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it.  Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria?  Thank-you!

No: The diphtheria proteins used for PCV-13 (Prevnar) are not antigenic for diphtheria. That means they are not recognized by the body to produce an immune response. They just help carry the pneumococcal proteins into the appropriate cells to create the immune response for the pneumococcal bacteria. ...Read more

Dr. Mark Diamond
1,114 doctors shared insights

Vaccinations (Definition)

Latin word for cow, vacca, because of the smallpox/cowpox work of edward jenner, vaccination is the administration of a substance, live organism or otherwise, that stimulates the immune response to prevent a specific disease. Primarily a preventative procedure, some vaccines can ...Read more


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Could leprosy mutate into a deadlier disease, resisitant to current vaccines?

Could leprosy mutate into a deadlier disease, resisitant to current vaccines?

Agree w Dr. Novick: Vaccine is in development at this time. Currently there have been no cases of leprosy which are resistant to multi-drug tx. Multi-drug therapy for multibacillary leprosy is usually Dapsone, Rifampicin & Clorazime. Other antibiotics can be used. Fewer antibiotics may be used for other forms of leprosy. Multi-drug therapy continues to be an effective treatment for leprosy. ...Read more

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Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Conjugate in theory: Conjugating the Meningococcal capsule polysaccharide to a protein backbone makes it useful in children less than 2years and facilitates immunologic memory but there are no head to head efficacy trials. ...Read more

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Hib vaccine doses?

Hib vaccine doses?

2,4,6 and 15 month: Hib is given as either a 3 or 4 dose series depending on which manufacturer. If the Merck product is used only 3 doses are required. If any doses are given from Sanofi, than 4 doses are required regardless if any Merck product was used. ...Read more

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How is the meningococcal vaccine different from the meningococcal meningitis vaccine?

How is the meningococcal vaccine different from the meningococcal meningitis vaccine?

The same: A vaccine is a set of proteins that trigger your body to produce antibodies against a certain agent. In this case it is the agent that causes Meningococcal infections. The most serious Meningococcal infection is the one that involves the meninges of the brain. This becomes Meningococcal meningitis. Good antibodies that build up from the vaccine can protect against the meningitis. ...Read more

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Is leprosy contagious?

Ever so slightly: A normal immune system wards off the infection (which is completely curable by the way) the germ is transmitted by a person in advanced stage of disease who sneezes or coughs. It takes many exposures probably. The incubation period is about 5 years and several more years until disease sets in. It causes numbness so unfeeling injuries occur and limbs or facial parts are scarred. ...Read more

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Is the laiv vaccine an inactivated vaccine?

Is the laiv vaccine an inactivated vaccine?

No, it's alive: The live attenuated influenza vaccine (laiv) is a live-virus nasal spray flu vaccine. "attenuated" means the live-virus has been weakened so not to cause the flu in persons receiving the vaccine. Some people do get some sniffles or stuffy nose for 2-3 days, from the nasal spray FluMist vaccine. ...Read more

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What is leprovac - vaccine for leprosy - help?

What is leprovac - vaccine for leprosy - help?

Yes: Leprovac is a vaccine that was investigated for leprosy. ...Read more

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How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

Somewhat: Overall, the risk to household contacts is 2-4 percent without prophylaxis. Outside the household, risk is smaller but is used when someone was exposed to respiratory secretions. ...Read more

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Vaccination against cholera uses which type of vaccine?

Vaccination against cholera uses which type of vaccine?

Vaxchora: “Vaxchora is a live, attenuated vaccine. The V. choleraevaccine strain in Vaxchora produces an incomplete, nontoxic version of the cholera toxin. Vaxchora replicates in the gastrointestinal tract.” It induces an anticholera immune response. REF: https://www.paxvaxconnect.com/vaxchora?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_term=vaxchora&utm_campaign=HCP%20Brand It's an oral vaccine approved in 2016 ...Read more

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Which vaccine is better to get: the meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or the meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Conjugate Vaccine: It is considered that conjugate vaccine provides better long term protection as compared to Polysachride Vaccine due to the mechanism by which antibody response occurs. Plysacchride Vaccine does not provide same level of Herd Immunityas is provided by Conjugate Vaccine ...Read more

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How the MMR vaccine prevent disease?

How the MMR vaccine prevent disease?

By making Antibodies: When M,MR injected it makes protective IGG Anibodies which are protctive against these diseases When and if you get exposed to these disease viruses the antibodies are responsible for protecting you ...Read more

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Human papilloma virus vaccine for boys ok?

Human papilloma virus vaccine for boys ok?

Highly recommended: The hpv vaccine has been well tolerated. It's recommended for boys at 11 or 12 through age 21 but can be given as young as 9 (and through age 26 for those at higher risk). It reduces the risk of anal cancer in boys and girls as well as the risk of cervical cancer in girls. Hopefully it will reduce some other hpv related cancers. The Gardasil hpv also reduces sexually transmitted warts by 90%. ...Read more

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Pneumonia vaccine? Is there a pneumonia vaccine available?

Yes, : Yes, there is a pneumonia vaccine available. It is recommended for all children under five years old, with the first dose available at six weeks. There are four doses in the series, and children with certain health conditions including cochlear implants get another dose between ages two and six. From age seven to 18, the extra dose is given five years after last dose to children with functional or anatomic asplenia (no spleen) or some immune system conditions. For adults, a single dose vaccine is recommended at 65 years old. Prior to that, a one- or two-dose series is recommended for some people based on lifestyle, health conditions, other risk factors. According to the centers for disease control and prevention (cdc.Gov), in 2007 pneumonia and influenza were the #8 most common cause of death in this country, with 52, 000 deaths attributed to these two conditions. Influenza is less likely to lead to pneumonia and death when a patient is vaccinated; this is a good. ...Read more

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Dr. Mark Diamond
1,091 doctors shared insights

Immunization (Definition)

The body is artificially exposed to a dead or weakened organism of a type able to cause disease. The body fights the organism and learns to protect itself, so disease will not develop if exposed to ...Read more


Dr. Heidi Fowler
98 doctors shared insights

Leprosy (Definition)

A contagious disease that affects the skin, mucus membranes, and nerves, causing discoloration and lumps on the skin and, in severe ...Read more