Doctor insights on:
Leishmaniasis Preventative Medication
Leishmaniasis: The best prevention is to keep from being bitten by sand flies: wear insect repellent, wearing protective clothing, screening windows, putting fine mesh around the bed, avoid outdoor activities, especially from dusk to dawn, when the flies are most active. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
A few: There has never been a report of leishmaniasis (a protozoan parasite) in Australia, the Pacific islands, or Antarctica. It has been identified in every other part of the world. Although rare, leishmaniasis has been diagnosed in the US, mostly in people who had traveled internationally. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
High unless treated: Leishmaniasis, even cutaneous, if left untreated will progress and cause complications. There are cases when cutaneous leishmaniasis stalls in its progression due to strong immune response from the host, but i would not count on luck in this case and seek treatment immediately. Visceral leishmaniasis carries a grim prognosis unless treated. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Infectious Disease: A tough question to answer in short but i'll try. In the US leishmaniasis is not often seen. It is a caused by a protozoa transmitted by the female sandfly. In certain areas of the world it can be common. Insect control practices can greatly reduce the chances of a person being bitten (and getting the disease). There are many forms of the disease and it can be very difficult to treat. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Parasites/ DNA: Leishmaniasis can be diagnosed when parasites or their dna are seen in a light microscope. For cutaneous leishmaniasis – tissue from a skin lesion is evaluated. For visceral leishmaniasis – bone marrow is examined. Serological testing can assist with diagnosis for visceral leishmaniasis. ...Read more
Skin & Viscera: Some people with leishmaniasis have silent infections. Cutaneous leishmaniasis may start with skin sores like bumps which eventually can develop into ulcers. People with visceral leishmaniasis may have fever, enlarged abdomen (due to swelling of spleen & liver) & weight loss. ...Read more
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