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Doctor insights on: Kras Mutation Analysis

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Etiology of DNA mutations?

Etiology of DNA mutations?

Replication error: Most changes in dna come from errors in the duplication of the dna. But changes can occur in the structure from radiation and some chemicals especially those used in chemotherapy. Most mutations are harmless, some are tracked down by your normal reparative mechanism but a few can cause trouble including cancer. ...Read more

Mutation (Definition)

In genetics, a mutation is a change in the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal genetic element. Mutations result from unrepaired damage to dna or to RNA genomes (typically caused by radiation or chemical mutagens), from errors in the process of replication, or from the insertion or deletion of segments of dna ...Read more


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Gene expression profiling predicts clinical outcome of breast cancer?

Gene expression profiling predicts clinical outcome of breast cancer?

We're Getting There: In the past, we used anatomic staging alone (tumor size, lymph node involvement) to guide rx. Gene profiling allows us a completely separate measure of prognosis, and, more importantly, can predict who may or may not benefit from different chemotherapy agents. In the future, we will hopefully be able to tailor our rx to the specific cancer being treated: the elusive personalized medicine. ...Read more

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Is hemophilia a gene mutation?

Is hemophilia a gene mutation?

Yes: Both hemophilia a and b are due to mutations in genes on the x chromosome. ...Read more

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What chromosomal mutation results in alagille syndrome?

What chromosomal mutation results in alagille syndrome?

ALGS: Alagille syndrome (algs) is a complex multisystem disorder involving primarily the liver, heart, eyes, face, and skeleton. The two genes in which mutations are known to cause algs are jag1 and notch2. Mutations in jag1 are known to cause about 94%-96% of cases of algs. Mutations in notch2 are known to cause algs in 1%-2% of individuals. ...Read more

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Who needs apc genetic testing?

Who needs apc genetic testing?

History of polyps: General indications for APC gene testing include patients who themselves have had 10 or more adenomas or have had a desmoid tumor, or patients who have a family member with an APC gene mutation found on genetic testing. ...Read more

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Is williams syndrome a gene or chromosomal mutation ?

Is williams syndrome a gene or chromosomal mutation ?

Microdeletion: Williams syndrome is caused by small loss (deletion) of genetic material from long arm of chromosome number 7. ...Read more

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How do a gene mutation and a chromosomal mutation differ?

Mutations: A chromosome will contain many genes, so a chromosome mutation will effect many genes. A gene mutation will have an effect only on that gene. ...Read more

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Is factor 7 gene mutation (heterozygote) thrombophila?

No: Factor 7 mutation is very rare and causes increased risk of bleeding (not being able to clot). Factor 5 deficiency is the most common form of thrombophilia (increased risk of abnormal clotting). ...Read more

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What chromosome is mutated in sickle cell disease?

What chromosome is mutated in sickle cell disease?

11: The beta globin gene is mutated in sickle cell anemia; it is located on chromosome 11. ...Read more

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Cause of a positive monoclonal T cell beta gene rearrangement?

Cause of a positive monoclonal T cell beta gene rearrangement?

Tumor: Monoclonal proliferation of lymphoid cells is usually an indication of tumor of the lymphoid tissue. ...Read more

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Are gene mutations common? What about deletions?

Are gene mutations common? What about deletions?

Gene mutations: Truthfully, the human genome project has revealed that mutations are common. Deletions exist. The impact is not fully understood. But is real. ...Read more

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Can you tell me, are all brca gene mutations hereditary?

Can you tell me, are all brca gene mutations hereditary?

Good question. : The answer is no, a small number of patients with early onset breast cancer who carry a bad brca 1 or 2 mutation develop it "de novo", meaning that it started with them (after all, someone has to be the first to have it). Depending at which stage in development it happens, it may affect them to a different degree and may or may not be passed to their children. Some other cancer syndromes.. ...Read more

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Is there a difference between kras wild and KRAS mutant colon cancer?

Is there a difference between kras wild and KRAS mutant colon cancer?

Chemoresistance: In metstatic colorectal cancer combinations of chemotherapy utilized. Drug combos such as FOLFOX are employed. With a poor response, immunotherapy is added such as the VEGF receptor antibodies or those targeting epidermal growth factor receptors like Erbitux and Vectibix (panitumumab). If the standard or wild type Kras is present in mets, there is a fairly good response but neg activity in mutated Kras. ...Read more

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Describe microrna gene expression deregulation in human breast cancer?

Describe microrna gene expression deregulation in human breast cancer?

Can't do in 400: The study of micro-rnas is cutting-edge and extremely arcane and you need to go directly to pubmed or one of the other big ways to access the scientific data. If someone is offering a breast cancer treatment to re-regulate your micro-rna's, call your district attorney. Glad you have an inquiring mind and i wish you luck with your project. ...Read more

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What are germline gene alterations?

What are germline gene alterations?

Inheritable: "germline" refers to genes that are present in every cell of the body from conception or shortly afterwards, including sperm/ ova, and thus can be passed down to offspring. This term is used to distinguish these types of inherited genetic mutations from those that are not inherited - not present in the dna of sperm or ova. ...Read more

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Does alpha thalassemia trait have gene therapy available?

Does alpha thalassemia trait have gene therapy available?

No: Alpha thalassemia trait only causes mild anemia, and the person usually has no symptoms. Gene therapy is not available and would not be needed. ...Read more

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