Top 20 Doctor insights on: Kernicterus in children

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What is kernicterus?

What is kernicterus?

Term definitions: Kernicterus is a term uses to describe the effect that occurs when bilirubin rises to toxic levels in a baby and injures brain cells. It goes through several phases leading to a variety of permanent defects. These can include a movement disorder, deafness, visual problems and others. Recognition and treatment of high bilirubin levels can prevent this if done quickly. ...Read more

Dr. Valerie Hines
40 Doctors shared insights

Kernicterus (Definition)

When severe jaundice is not treated, it can cause kernicterus. This is a type of brain damage that can result from high levels of bilirubin in a baby’s blood. It can cause athetoid cerebral palsy, hearing loss, ...Read more


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Can you reverse kernicterus?

Can you reverse kernicterus?

Kernicterus: Once the neurological symptoms and signs of kernicterus are established, then it is not revrersible. The child will have permenant neurological disabilities. ...Read more

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What are the tests for kernicterus?

Kernicterus tests: Kernicterus is a devastating chronic disabling condition characterized by the clinical tetrad of choreoathetoid cerebral palsy, central neural hearing loss, palsy of the vertical gaze, and tooth enamel hypoplasia as the result of bilirubin-induced cell toxicity. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of kernicterus?

What are the symptoms of kernicterus?

CNS damage: Symptoms of kernicterus include hearing loss, spasticity and delays in development, including cognitive, motor and personal social areas. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Kernicterus?

Brain damage & bili: When severe jaundice is not treated, it can cause kernicterus. This is a type of brain damage that can result from high levels of bilirubin in a baby’s blood. It can cause athetoid cerebral palsy, hearing loss, vision problems, mental retardation. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for kernicterus?

What is the treatment for kernicterus?

Prevention: Kernicterus occurs as a result of newborn jaundice of a severely high level that is untreated. I have not seen nor heard of a case in my entire career. Newborn jaundice is common and is easily treated with sun, phototherapy, or in severe cases exchange transfusion. (have not seen that in 20+ years). The best treatment is prevention. ...Read more

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Can kids with kernicterus talk, read and write?

Kernicterus: Children with kernicterus usually have significant neurological, cognitive, learning and movement disorders, isolated hearing loss, and auditory dysfunction may be noted. They are likely to not be able to talk, read and write. ...Read more

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Can kids with kernicterus eventually talk, read or write?

Mostly not: Most of chidren who survived kernicterus-severe bilirubin toxicity-develop sensorineural hearing loss and athetoid type cerebral palsy which adversely affects coordination of fine movements. Neuronal damage in cerebral cortex often associated in kernicterus results in hampering of higher cognitive function. ...Read more

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Kernicterus causes spasticity? Why is it sis basal ganglia considered in pyramidal tract? Why not causing rigidity instead like parkinsons?

Kernicterus causes spasticity? Why is it sis basal ganglia considered in pyramidal tract? Why not causing rigidity instead like parkinsons?

Spasticity: Basal ganglia and substantia nigra are different structures. Injuring the basal ganglia, such as by stroke, may cause spasticity. Injuring the substantia nigra may cause parkinsons symptoms, such as tremor and rigidity. Rigidity and spasticity are not the same, as you recognize. These two different structures of the brain modulate movement differently, that is why the symptoms are different. ...Read more

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I am married in 1 year no children en problem in my health would you eat that type of food can be eat him in my husband and me?

I am married in 1 year no children en problem in my health would you eat that type of food can be eat him in my husband and me?

Chocolate: This is not scientific but neither is having babies! Try anything chocolate. Eat romantic foods. Avoid alcohol and stimulants. Relax. Enjoy being married without children. The more you relax and enjoy your spouse the better your marriage will be and the more prepared you we be to be a parent. You are learning patience and you will need it! OB doctors have solutions for you when wanted ...Read more

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I can have children?

I can have children?

Hopefully: If you want to have children but are not trying presently, there are some tests that can help tell you more. But the only way to absolutely prove one way or another is to attempt pregnancy with your partner. See your gynecologist: they can help you with the available tests. ...Read more

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Why children feel giddy?

Why children feel giddy?

Vertigo?: Many children get very dizzy at times without definite cause. Some are due to ear infections or ear fluid pressure. Other times it may happen because of spinning around. Episodic vertigo is a very dramatic event in some children when they look terrified and have to hold on for a few moments, then return to normal. This is usually benign but needs a good evaluation. ...Read more

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Why can't I have children?

Why can't I have children?

Consultation time: Time to consult with your ob/gyn or get a referral to a fertility center. Both you & your partner need to be evaluated. There are many possible issues & many available solutions. ...Read more

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Is 40 to old to have children?

Is 40 to old to have children?

Maybe, maybe not: Many women are quite successful in their pregnancies at 40.There is some reduced fertility & increased risk of complications, but if your basic health is good & you understand the increased risk of down syndrome, I don't see any reason to say it's too late. ...Read more

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What stops you from having children?

What stops you from having children?

STD's and PID: Sexually transmitted diseases can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease. PID can lead to later infertility. ...Read more

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Can icjd be passed on to your children?

Can icjd be passed on to your children?

CJD: The familial form can be inherited in @10% of cases, through gene mutation. ...Read more

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How to stop woomting and pain in children?

How to stop woomting and pain in children?

Vomiting: For a simple gastroenteritis, gut rest (nothing to eat or drink for 2-3 hrs) followed by small sips of clear fluids, frequently (goal depending on age of child 1-4 oz/hr). The presence of pain is more worrisome and I would recommend taking the child to their doctor for a hands-on examination to rule out anything more serious. ...Read more

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How would keep my guns away from children?

How would keep my guns away from children?

Safe/locks: A good gun safe can double as a home for some family valuables. There are a number of trigger locks and quick entry safes on the market that provide quick access but eliminate child entry. As mentioned, kids taught gun handling and safety as early as age 4 are less likely to play with any gun they find anywhere. ...Read more

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