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Doctor insights on: Kernicterus

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Dr. Valerie Hines
40 doctors shared insights

Kernicterus (Overview)

When severe jaundice is not treated, it can cause kernicterus. This is a type of brain damage that can result from high levels of bilirubin in a baby’s blood. It can cause athetoid cerebral palsy, hearing loss, vision problems, mental retardation.


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Can you reverse kernicterus?

Can you reverse kernicterus?

Kernicterus: Once the neurological symptoms and signs of kernicterus are established, then it is not revrersible. The child will have permenant neurological disabilities. ...Read more

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Dr. Valerie Hines
40 doctors shared insights

Kernicterus (Overview)

When severe jaundice is not treated, it can cause kernicterus. This is a type of brain damage that can result from high levels of bilirubin in a baby’s blood. It can cause athetoid cerebral palsy, hearing loss, vision problems, mental retardation.


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What are the symptoms of kernicterus?

What are the symptoms of kernicterus?

CNS damage: symptoms of kernicterus include hearing loss, spasticity and delays in development, including cognitive, motor and personal social areas. ...Read more

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What are the tests for kernicterus?

What are the tests for kernicterus?

Kernicterus tests: Kernicterus is a devastating chronic disabling condition characterized by the clinical tetrad of choreoathetoid cerebral palsy, central neural hearing loss, palsy of the vertical gaze, and tooth enamel hypoplasia as the result of bilirubin-induced cell toxicity. ...Read more

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Kernicterus causes spasticity? Why is it sis basal ganglia considered in pyramidal tract? Why not causing rigidity instead like parkinsons?

Kernicterus causes spasticity? Why is it sis basal ganglia considered in pyramidal tract? Why not causing rigidity instead like parkinsons?

Spasticity: Basal ganglia and substantia nigra are different structures. Injuring the basal ganglia, such as by stroke, may cause spasticity. Injuring the substantia nigra may cause parkinsons symptoms, such as tremor and rigidity. Rigidity and spasticity are not the same, as you recognize. These two different structures of the brain modulate movement differently, that is why the symptoms are different. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for kernicterus?

What is the treatment for kernicterus?

Prevention: Kernicterus occurs as a result of newborn jaundice of a severely high level that is untreated. I have not seen nor heard of a case in my entire career. Newborn jaundice is common and is easily treated with sun, phototherapy, or in severe cases exchange transfusion. (have not seen that in 20+ years). The best treatment is prevention. ...Read more

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What is kernicterus?

Term definitions: Kernicterus is a term uses to describe the effect that occurs when bilirubin rises to toxic levels in a baby and injures brain cells.It goes through several phases leading to a variety of permanent defects. These can include a movement disorder,deafness,visual problems and others. Recognition and treatment of high bilirubin levels can prevent this if done quickly. ...Read more

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What is kernicterus?

Term definitions: Kernicterus is a term uses to describe the effect that occurs when bilirubin rises to toxic levels in a baby and injures brain cells.It goes through several phases leading to a variety of permanent defects. These can include a movement disorder,deafness,visual problems and others. Recognition and treatment of high bilirubin levels can prevent this if done quickly. ...Read more

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Can you reverse kernicterus?

Kernicterus: Once the neurological symptoms and signs of kernicterus are established, then it is not revrersible. The child will have permenant neurological disabilities. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
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What are the tests for kernicterus?

Kernicterus tests: Kernicterus is a devastating chronic disabling condition characterized by the clinical tetrad of choreoathetoid cerebral palsy, central neural hearing loss, palsy of the vertical gaze, and tooth enamel hypoplasia as the result of bilirubin-induced cell toxicity. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
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What are the symptoms of kernicterus?

CNS damage: symptoms of kernicterus include hearing loss, spasticity and delays in development, including cognitive, motor and personal social areas. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
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What is the definition or description of: Kernicterus?

Brain damage & bili: When severe jaundice is not treated, it can cause kernicterus. This is a type of brain damage that can result from high levels of bilirubin in a baby’s blood. It can cause athetoid cerebral palsy, hearing loss, vision problems, mental retardation. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for kernicterus?

Prevention: Kernicterus occurs as a result of newborn jaundice of a severely high level that is untreated. I have not seen nor heard of a case in my entire career. Newborn jaundice is common and is easily treated with sun, phototherapy, or in severe cases exchange transfusion. (have not seen that in 20+ years). The best treatment is prevention. ...Read more

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Can kids with kernicterus talk, read and write?

Kernicterus: Children with kernicterus usually have significant neurological, cognitive, learning and movement disorders, isolated hearing loss, and auditory dysfunction may be noted. They are likely to not be able to talk, read and write. ...Read more

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Can kids with kernicterus eventually talk, read or write?

Mostly not: Most of chidren who survived kernicterus-severe bilirubin toxicity-develop sensorineural hearing loss and athetoid type cerebral palsy which adversely affects coordination of fine movements. Neuronal damage in cerebral cortex often associated in kernicterus results in hampering of higher cognitive function. ...Read more

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Kernicterus causes spasticity? Why is it sis basal ganglia considered in pyramidal tract? Why not causing rigidity instead like parkinsons?

Spasticity: Basal ganglia and substantia nigra are different structures. Injuring the basal ganglia, such as by stroke, may cause spasticity. Injuring the substantia nigra may cause parkinsons symptoms, such as tremor and rigidity. Rigidity and spasticity are not the same, as you recognize. These two different structures of the brain modulate movement differently, that is why the symptoms are different. ...Read more

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What is m.R.S.A.?

What is m.R.S.A.?

See below: Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. It is a bacteria (s. Aureus) that is resistant to methicillin, an antibiotic. This makes it resistant to several other standard antibiotics and also gives it a unique virulence due to its genetics. ...Read more

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Can you die from s.V.T?

Can you die from s.V.T?

Usually not serious: Death from svt must be extremely rare, if ever. It is usually managed as outpatient. ...Read more

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What is sjögren’s syndrome?

What is sjögren’s syndrome?

Dryness arthritis: Typically it is dryness of eyes, mouth, arthritis, swelling of salivary glands. ...Read more

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My b/s is 564 what should I do?

My b/s is 564 what should I do?

Need to seek trtmt: I am not an expert here but having elevated blood sugars this high for too long can be life threatening and lead to permanent organ damage. Could land you in a diabetic coma. You need to seek medical attention with an internist, family practice doc, or endocrinologist to get this under check. ...Read more