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Doctor insights on: Junin Virus Vaccine

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Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it. Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria? Thank-you!

Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it.  Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria?  Thank-you!

No: The diphtheria proteins used for PCV-13 (Prevnar) are not antigenic for diphtheria. That means they are not recognized by the body to produce an immune response. They just help carry the pneumococcal proteins into the appropriate cells to create the immune response for the pneumococcal bacteria. ...Read more

Dr. Mark Diamond
1,101 doctors shared insights

Vaccinations (Definition)

Latin word for cow, vacca, because of the smallpox/cowpox work of edward jenner, vaccination is the administration of a substance, live organism or otherwise, that stimulates the immune response to prevent a specific disease. Primarily a preventative procedure, some vaccines can ...Read more


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Is the laiv vaccine an inactivated vaccine?

Is the laiv vaccine an inactivated vaccine?

No, it's alive: The live attenuated influenza vaccine (laiv) is a live-virus nasal spray flu vaccine. "attenuated" means the live-virus has been weakened so not to cause the flu in persons receiving the vaccine. Some people do get some sniffles or stuffy nose for 2-3 days, from the nasal spray FluMist vaccine. ...Read more

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Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?

Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?

Activated rabies vac: Yes. They activate dendritic cells and presumptively enhance immune function in that fashion. J virol 2011 feb; 85(4) :1634-44. ...Read more

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Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Conjugate in theory: Conjugating the Meningococcal capsule polysaccharide to a protein backbone makes it useful in children less than 2years and facilitates immunologic memory but there are no head to head efficacy trials. ...Read more

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Does the chicken pox vaccine confer lifelong immunity?

Does the chicken pox vaccine confer lifelong immunity?

Possibly: Introduced in the late 70's in japan, the current CP vaccine was not adopted in the us until the 90's. There are good data that one dose removes the risk of death with cp, but likely only 85% get protective immunity from 1 dose, with that improving to >95% after 2 doses given at least a month apart. Time will tell if future boosters are needed but with 30+ years of worldwide data it looks good. ...Read more

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Human papilloma virus vaccine for boys ok?

Human papilloma virus vaccine for boys ok?

Highly recommended: The hpv vaccine has been well tolerated. It's recommended for boys at 11 or 12 through age 21 but can be given as young as 9 (and through age 26 for those at higher risk). It reduces the risk of anal cancer in boys and girls as well as the risk of cervical cancer in girls. Hopefully it will reduce some other hpv related cancers. The Gardasil hpv also reduces sexually transmitted warts by 90%. ...Read more

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Could flu virus mutate every year?

Could flu virus mutate every year?

Yes: This is one of the reasons influenza vaccine has to be reformulated each year. ...Read more

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Can you tell me if there is any cure, vaccine, or medication for marburg virus?

Can you tell me if there is any cure, vaccine, or medication for marburg virus?

Marburg Virus: Currently there is not a cure or vaccine for Marburg virus. The treatment is much lack that for Ebola. The patient may be hospitalized, placed in isolation & provided intensive care measures such as: oxygen, medication to maintain blood pressure, blood transfusions (platelets or fresh blood), intravenous fluids & electrolytes & treatment of co-existing infections. In third world countries, ...Read more

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Human immunodeficiency virus--can it mutate?

Human immunodeficiency virus--can it mutate?

Yes: Hiv mutates in response to HIV therapy. If you're being treated without a complete response (partial suppression), the virus can mutate so it can replicate in the presence of the drugs. This usually happens in people who don't take their medications properly. They can then transmit the mutant virus to others. Spontaneous mutation (mutation independent of therapy) has not been a big problem. ...Read more

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Does chickenpox vaccine protect from shingles?

Does chickenpox vaccine protect from shingles?

Maybe,maybe not: The vaccine developed to help suppress shingles has many times the amount of varicella material than the chickenpox vaccine. Simple varicella vaccine use may res-erect some of your waning varicella antibodies and put off shingles but it may just protect you better against wild chickenpox. ...Read more

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Can gardasil vaccine eliminate human papillomavirus?

Can gardasil vaccine eliminate human papillomavirus?

No: The goal of a vaccine is to train your immunity to be aware of an organism - viral or germ - and produce a killing response so when the real infection enters your body it will be dealt with quickly. If you already carry the HPV infection - the vaccine will not eliminate it ...Read more

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What is bird flu vaccine?

What is bird flu vaccine?

Bird Flu Vaccine: Vaccine to protect against avian influenza (bird flu) also known as strain h5n1. This is different from the annual flu shot and the recent swine flu vaccine h1n1. The vaccine is kept in stockpiles for use in the event of an outbreak. Currently it is not a routine vaccine since avian flu rarely infects humans. People who work with poultry are most likely to be infected. ...Read more

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When was the chicken cholera vaccine given?

When was the chicken cholera vaccine given?

Fowl cholera: Fowl (or chicken) Cholera Vaccine was developed by pasteur in the late 1800s. The disease is caused by pasteurella and is not related to human cholera caused by vibrio cholerae. The human disease, originally called asiatic cholera, is now a misnomer as 90 percent or more of cases currently originate in subsaharan africa. Fowl Cholera Vaccine was never used in humans. ...Read more

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Which vaccine is better to get: the meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or the meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Conjugate Vaccine: It is considered that conjugate vaccine provides better long term protection as compared to Polysachride Vaccine due to the mechanism by which antibody response occurs. Plysacchride Vaccine does not provide same level of Herd Immunityas is provided by Conjugate Vaccine ...Read more

Dr. Mark Diamond
1,091 doctors shared insights

Immunization (Definition)

The body is artificially exposed to a dead or weakened organism of a type able to cause disease. The body fights the organism and learns to protect itself, so disease will not develop if exposed to ...Read more


Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more