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Doctor insights on: Jacobs Syndrome Chromosomal Abnormality

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Dr. Jay Nemiro
67 Doctors shared insights

Chromosomal Abnormalities (Definition)

A chromosome anomaly, abnormality, aberration, or mutation is a missing, extra, or irregular portion of chromosomal DNA. It can be from an atypical number of chromosomes or a structural abnormality in ...Read more


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What's the most common chromosomal abnormality syndrome in humans?

What's the most common chromosomal abnormality syndrome in humans?

Down syndrome.: The most common chromosomal abnormality in a newborn population was trisomy 21 (down), with an incidence of 1 in 730 live births. Abnormalities of the sex chromosomes (eg, monosomy x or turner, xxy, xyy, xxx) and structural balanced rearrangements also occurred frequently. Trisomy 16 is the most common aneuploidy in abortuses. Trisomy 18 (edwards), and 13 (patau) are most common in stillborns. ...Read more

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Can you have a child with the physical characteristics of edwards syndrome but not have any chromosomal abnormalities?

Yes: Some of the physical signs of edwards syndrome are non-specific, that is, shared by other syndromes, with or without chromosomal abnormalities. No one sign is diagnostic, and several signs could be present in a child with normal chromosomes and without its having edwards syndrome. ...Read more

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What are the chances my child will be born with chromosomal abnormalities? I was told my unborn child has echogenic bowels, that I tested higher for the risk of Down syndrome and as a carrier of the cystic fibrosis trait

What are the chances my child will be born with chromosomal abnormalities? I was told my unborn child has echogenic bowels, that I tested higher for the risk of Down syndrome and as a carrier of the cystic fibrosis trait

There: There are several ultrasound findings that can suggest down sysndrome, and echogenic bowel is one of them. There could be other explanations for that finding, though.

It sound like you will need some testing to find out what's going on. The two tests used most commonly are amniocentesis and chorionic villous sampling. Each has its own risks and benefits, so you should discuss them with your obstetrician.

I would suggest that you do this sooner than later, and regardless of whether the outcome might lead you to terminate the pregnancy. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is a chromosomal abnormality?

What sort of disease is a chromosomal abnormality?

Genetic: Chromosomal abnormalities can include extra or missing chromosomes. I will refer this to experts in medical genetics for more information. ...Read more

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What is the main cause of chromosomal abnormality in fetus?

What is the main cause of chromosomal abnormality in fetus?

Defect in gamete: Either the egg (usually) or sperm carries an extra chromosome (chm) to conception. The fetus ends up with 3 of that chm along with normal pairs of all the others. The third chm will cause a disruption in the code reading that goes into making the organs and brain. The newborn will be born with these defects. ...Read more

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What is the difference between a mutation and a chromosomal abnormality?

What is the difference between a mutation and a chromosomal abnormality?

Size.: Mutations are strategically placed minute changes in dna that change the message encoded in it to produce abnormal proteins and pathological symptoms. Chromosomal abnormalities (e.g. Down syndrome), are larger changes in the number of dna packages (chromosomes) each cell carries, so that many organ systems malfunction (brain, heart, bone marrow, etc). ...Read more

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Is osteogenesis imperfecta considered a chromosomal abnormality?

Is osteogenesis imperfecta considered a chromosomal abnormality?

No - a mutation.: Osteogenesis imperfecta is a genetic anomaly that in 90% of cases is due to a mutation in the col1a1, col1a2 genes of type I collagen. It is not a chromosomal anomaly. ...Read more

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Can you please say something about Chromosomal Abnormality?

Bad news: This material is the library of information the fetus needs to develop organs and metabolic systems. Too much or too little means something will go wrong. Since many defects are relatively unique, the outcome may or may not be predictable. Some will trigger spontaneous miscarriage. Some are born and live a long life but have many problems along the way. ...Read more

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Is it true that the chances of having a child with a chromosomal abnormality increases as a womans age increases over 40 year?

Is it true that the chances of having a child with a chromosomal abnormality increases as a womans age increases over 40 year?

Yes: It actually increases to a small degree with every year after peak fertility in the mid 20's. At 40 the risk of a trisomy 21 Down syndrome reaches 1% while at 45 it reaches 2%. This number is added to the random risk of 4% that any pregnancy has of an unexpected event (cleft palate, premi, other defect). ...Read more

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Mc in 1st trim, may b because of mismatch chromosome or chromosomal abnormality, means chances of next child 2 b born with chromosomal defects r more?

Mc in 1st trim, may b because of mismatch chromosome or chromosomal abnormality, means chances of next child 2 b born with chromosomal defects r more?

Not on the internet: That specific question cannot possibly be answered on the internet. You need a geneticist to do the right tests and provide you with a competent consolation or evaluation. ...Read more

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Hi, I'm born in a family of 4 grown up boys. How is it that I am the only one having chromosomal abnormality leading to azoospermia? The rest are fine.

No reason: Most of chromosomal abnormalities do not follow a specific pattern. Specific gene transfers to next generations follow darwin's proposed laws. But chromosomes don't follow those laws. They can be very sporadic. However they seem to be affected by parents' age. ...Read more

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What exactly is albinism? Is it a genetic or disorder or a chromosomal abnormality?

What exactly is albinism? Is it a genetic or disorder or a chromosomal abnormality?

Biological inheritan: Most forms of albinism are the result of the biological inheritance of genetically recessive alleles (genes) passed from both parents of an individual, though some rare forms are inherited from only one parent. There are other genetic mutations which are proven to be associated with albinism. All alterations, however, lead to changes in melanin production in the body. ...Read more

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On 7&half we TVS shows 2 yolk sac, one with cardiac activity, other is empty. CRL is 1.13 cm. Is possibility of chromosomal abnormality?

On 7&half we TVS shows 2 yolk sac, one with cardiac activity, other is empty. CRL is 1.13 cm. Is possibility of chromosomal abnormality?

Always possible: The transvaginal ultrasound at 7.5 weeks does not rule in or out a chromosomal abnormality. It is believed that there are a lot more twins conceived than born and one twin just dies very early and this may be the cause of some first trimester bleeding. Only with early ultrasounds are we finding these 'vanishing twins'. This may be the case with your empty yolk sac. The other twin is usually normal ...Read more

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Help! Is multiple sclerosis a result of single or multiple gene disorder or a chromosomal abnormality?

Help! Is multiple sclerosis a result of single or multiple gene disorder or a chromosomal abnormality?

Not genetic mostly: There are no signs that multiple sclerosis is a sign of a chromosome disorder. Although there is likely a genetic component, this appears to be a very small role. This is not the type of disease where if you have the gene, you get the disease. It tends to be sporadic. It is an auto-immune disease where antibodies attack the white matter of the brain and/or spinal cord. ...Read more

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Is a small gestational sac in relation to the fetus a sign of a chromosomal abnormality. Fetus 9w sac 7w. Doctor and research have me very worried.

Hard to answer...: At such an early stage, imaging and interpretation is hard.
There are associations between size and abnormalities.
But it is impossible to look at a minimally smaller size and conclude anything, especially chromosomal disorders.
It is best not to worry, but follow this serially and monitor progress. Your OB is the best judge of this and should advice you of intervention if at all needed. ...Read more

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Hi, what natural treatments are effective for mds? No chromosomal abnormality, pancytopenia and transfusion dependent (almost every 15-20 days).

Hi, what natural treatments are effective for mds? No chromosomal abnormality, pancytopenia and transfusion dependent (almost every 15-20 days).

None that I know of: Unfortunately there are no natural treatments for cancer. But mds does have a couple of chemo drugs which are relatively mild to use/tolerate. So try those. ...Read more

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Does slow rising hcg, if pregnancy turns out to be viable, indicate a chromosomal abnormality that could result in child with birth defects?

Does slow rising hcg, if pregnancy turns out to be viable, indicate a chromosomal abnormality that could result in child with birth defects?

Possibly: Healthy and viable pregnancies usually double the value of the HCG hormone every 48 hours. There are many tests that are used now to predict and/or define fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities. Because of your age these tests should be offered and considered. ...Read more

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What are some chromosomal abnormalities that only affect female fetuses?

What are some chromosomal abnormalities that only affect female fetuses?

Female: Turner's syndrome, caused by only 1 x chromosome only affects females. More than two copies of the x chromosome only affects females. ...Read more

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Are chromosomal abnormalities, such as trisomy, confined to certain parts of the body?

Are chromosomal abnormalities, such as trisomy, confined to certain parts of the body?

Usually: The vast majority of trisomy patients will have the trisomy in every cell of their body. There is a small percentage that will be what is called a mosaic, where the trisomy effects a fraction of the cells. In theory the trisomy starts in one group of cells and continues to all that develop after the change, but another normal line also produces normal tissues. The amount affects the outcome. ...Read more

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What to do if I had 1 egg put back inside me. The other 2 had chromosomal abnormalities. I am scared they got them mixed?

What to do if I had 1 egg put back inside me. The other 2 had chromosomal abnormalities. I am scared they got them mixed?

Anxiety: Labs have many back up systems so things like that don't happen. I don't otherwise know how to allay your anxieties about this. There are no 100% guarantees in life. You can ask your IVF doctor if they can do chorionic villous testing, but this has risk to it, and then you must be willing to live with the findings or be able to decide to end the pregnancy if abnormalities if that is what you want. ...Read more

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What do you advise if I had 1 egg put back inside me. The other 2 had chromosomal abnormalities. I am scared they got them mixed?

What do you advise if I had 1 egg put back inside me. The other 2 had chromosomal abnormalities. I am scared they got them mixed?

Anxiety: Labs have many back up systems so things like that don't happen. I don't otherwise know how to allay your anxieties about this. There are no 100% guarantees in life. You can ask your IVF doctor if they can do chorionic villous testing, but this has risk to it, and then you must be willing to live with the findings or be able to decide to end the pregnancy if abnormalities if that is what you want. ...Read more

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How do people treat chromosomal abnormalities?

How do people treat chromosomal abnormalities?

Chromosomal Abnormal: Chromosomal abnormalities is a broad category. It means there is some gene or genes that are missing or extra. Depending on the particular chromosome affected is the kind of therapy needed. This usually is not something fixed but you can offer modalities to strengthen the weak areas. Usually physical therapy occupational therapy and speech. You work on the problems caused by the abnormality. ...Read more

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What chromosomal abnormalities only effect males?

What chromosomal abnormalities only effect males?

Males: Well, klinefelter's syndrome caused by an extra x chromosome only affects males. Extra y chromosomes only affect males. ...Read more

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What are typical symptoms of chromosomal abnormalities?

Usually none: During pregnancy there aren't usually any symptoms of chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus. Of course, miscarriage and stillbirth can be related to a chromosomal abnormality. ...Read more

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What are the top reasons for getting chromosomal abnormalities?

THE absolute #1...: ...Most common chromosome abnormality is trisomy 21, or down's syndrome, and that is associated with advanced maternal age, becoming more common in pregnancies in women over 36. Preexisting abnormalities in parents is close second, toxins and radiation a very distant third, with a large number having no apparent cause. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Chromosomal abnormalities?

What is the definition or description of: Chromosomal abnormalities?

Chromosomal abn.: A chromosome anomaly, abnormality, aberration, or mutation is a missing, extra, or irregular portion of chromosomal DNA. It can be from an atypical number of chromosomes or a structural abnormality in one or more chromosomes. ...Read more

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What are some diseases that are the result of chromosomal abnormalities?

What are some diseases that are the result of chromosomal abnormalities?

Aneuploidies.: Down syndrome (trisomy 21 - mongolism), edwards' syndrome (trisomy 18 - lethal), patau syndrome (trisomy 13 - lethal), turner syndrome (monosomy x), digeorge syndrome (microdeletion 22q11 - velocardiofacial syndrome), wolff-hirschhorn, cri-du-chat syndromes, etc. ...Read more