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Doctor insights on: Iugr Oligohydramnios

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Dr. Stefan Kostadinov
329 doctors shared insights

Fetal Growth Retardation (Definition)

A more accurate term is Intrauterine Growth Restriction, which refers to restricted fetal growth due to decreased blood flow to the ...Read more


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How does preeclampsia causes oligohydramnios?

How does preeclampsia causes oligohydramnios?

Decreased fetal GFR.: Oligohydramnios is a sign of decreased fetal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in the absence of rupture of amniotic membranes. Preeclampsia can cause placental failure and thus poor perfusion of the fetoplacental unit leading to oligohydramnios. ...Read more

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Does pregnancy-induced hypertension cause placental abruption?

Does pregnancy-induced hypertension cause placental abruption?

Yes: High blood pressure, whether present before pregnancy or whether it develops during pregnancy, does increase a woman's risk for abruption. But most women with high blood pressure never have an abruption. ...Read more

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How is gestational diabetes outcome correlated to polyhydramnios?

How is gestational diabetes outcome correlated to polyhydramnios?

High Sugars Cause It: If mom's blood sugar is high, the baby's is too. The same way high sugars cause an adult to urinate more, this high sugar. Causes the baby to make more urine, and the baby's urine is what makes up the amniotic fluid. ...Read more

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Anteverted,bulky gravid uterus,single intrauterine gestational sac 2.7 cm gestational age 6 weeks 6 days no fetal pole is this OK?or a miscarriage?

Anteverted,bulky gravid uterus,single intrauterine gestational sac 2.7 cm gestational age 6 weeks 6 days no fetal pole is this OK?or a miscarriage?

Blighted ovum: A gestational sac without a fetal with a gestational age of almost 7 weeks is most likely a blighted ovum (non development of the fetus). Most likely with result is a miscarriage. If not you may need a D&C. Follow up with your gynecologist in 1-2 weeks. ...Read more

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What causes fetal growth restriction?

What causes fetal growth restriction?

MF/placental factors: Maternal-fetal and placental etiologies can all cause fetal growth restriction. Severa fetal syndromes can lead to fgr (e.g. Down, patau, triploidy, edwards, noonan's, digeorge). Multifetal pregnancies are at increased risk for fgr; this can result in fetal demise, fetal brain injury, cerebral palsy or even normal outcomes in non-syndromic cases. Placental infarcts, hypertension, lupus: culprits. ...Read more

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Is placenta previa hereditary?

Is placenta previa hereditary?

no: Placenta previa is an obstetric complication in which the placenta is inserted partially or wholly in lower uterine segment.It can sometimes occur in the later part of the first trimester, but usually during the second or third. It is a leading cause of antepartum haemorrhage (vaginal bleeding). It affects approximately 0.4-0.5% of all labours. ...Read more

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What is footling breech fetal position?

What is footling breech fetal position?

Bottom 1st-foot xtnd: The footling breech position is an unusual one. The bottom faces the birth canal (head up at the top of the uterus), & usually one leg is extended into the birth canal. ...Read more

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How does placenta previa cause preterm delivery?

How does placenta previa cause preterm delivery?

Bleeding and Cntrxns: Previa: Placenta overlies the cervix/birth canal. Gr 1 means placenta is close, Gr 4 means it's directly overlying/blocking the baby's exit -- high chance of preterm labor & bleeding; you'd need a C/S at 36-37wks. More common in woman w/ hx of C/S & smoking. Not much you can do but wait. If dx'ed early, the uterus still grows/stretches and a placenta can migrate away even in 3rd tri. Follow w/ US. ...Read more

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Fetal lung fluid & urine make amniotic fluid, right? So what caused oligohydramnios?

Fetal lung fluid & urine make amniotic fluid, right? So what caused oligohydramnios?

Decreased perfusion: Oligo can be either loss of fluid or decreased production. A stressed infant will shunt oxygenated blood to more vital organs, less renal perfusion, therefore less urine produced. Anything that decreases placental perfusion can cause it (abruption or placental separation, poor implantation, vascular problems, clots, uterine abnls, etc). There are too many causes to list here, ask your ob. ...Read more

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What is intra uterine fetal death?

What is intra uterine fetal death?

In utero demise: An intrauterine fetal death or demise is a pregnancy complication where the fetus dies in the uterus before labor occurs. It usually requires labor induction or a d & e to remove the fetus and the other products of conception from the uterus. ...Read more

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What is acute neonatal hydramnios?

What is acute neonatal hydramnios?

About the fetus: When the fetus is developing their is too much fluid in the uterine sac for fetal development. ...Read more

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Can fetal pyelectasis be fatal?

Can fetal pyelectasis be fatal?

No.: Fetal pyelectasis refers to borderline prominence of the renal collecting system and is defined as >4 mm by 20 weeks; >7 mm between 20-30 weeks and >8 mm after 30 weeks. It is seen in 3% of all pregnancies associated with polyhydramnios and diabetes mellitus. It is a very weak marker of increased risk for fetal down syndrome but never causes mortal risk. Neonatal follow-up is required! ...Read more

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How is fetal hydronephrosis diagnosed?

How is fetal hydronephrosis diagnosed?

Maternal ultrasound: Can sometimes already be detected after 10-12 weeks gestation. More commonly in mid to late pregnancy. Sometimes suspected and found in presence of oligohydramnios (reduced amniotic fluid). ...Read more

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Does diabetes cause fetal deformities?

Does diabetes cause fetal deformities?

Yes: Uncontrolled diabetes in the first trimester can cause birth defects in the baby, typically heart or skeletal defects. Gestational diabetes acquired later in pregnancy is typically not associated with fetal deformities, but can also cause problems such as a big baby or problems with the amniotic fluid. ...Read more

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Is this normal pregnancy or miscarriage? report details: single intrauterine gestational sac seen measuring 2.2 cms,corresponding to 6+ weeks no fetal

Is this normal pregnancy or miscarriage?
report details:
single intrauterine gestational sac seen measuring 2.2 cms,corresponding to 6+ weeks
no fetal

A little early: It sounds like your sonogram showed a very early pregnancy. Since no baby was seen there are two possibilities - too early to see or a miscarriage where the baby did not form. The sonogram will needed to be repeated in 1 -2 weeks to find out which is correct. ...Read more

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6w 4d pregnant with fetal pole, yolk sac ...heartbeat detectd...but seems gestational sac is irregular...sign of miscarriage?

6w 4d pregnant with fetal pole, yolk sac ...heartbeat detectd...but seems gestational sac is irregular...sign of miscarriage?

Don't worry: The most important thing is that the fetus has a heartbeat. Did they tell you an actual fetal heart rate? Sometimes the gestational sac looks different. There could be a nearby fibroid or subchorionic hemorrhage. Signs of a miscarriage are uterine cramping and bleeding. If you are not having those symptoms I would not worry about this. The sonogram can be repeated in 1-2 weeks. ...Read more

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Do amniotic sac disorders cause birth defects?

Do amniotic sac disorders cause birth defects?

Amniotic Fluid: Best discussed with your ob. Too much or too little amniotic fluid is associated with abnormalities in development and pregnancy complications. Differences in the amount of fluid may be the cause or the result of the problem. ...Read more

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Dr. CESAR HOLGADO
191 doctors shared insights

Oligohydramnios (Definition)

An AFI (amniotic fluid index) of less than 5cm or a largest vertical pocket measurement of less than 2cm is ...Read more