Top
30
Doctor insights on: Isotonic Hypertonic Hypotonic Solutions

Share
1

1
What happens if your body was a hypertonic or hypotonic solution what would happen, would you die?

What happens if your body was a hypertonic or hypotonic solution what would happen, would you die?

Yes, you'd die: Your cells can tolerate a very narrow range of sodium concentration. Too high or too low cells would either shrivel or explode, and if cells do that, you die. Your body has many systems and then back-up systems to keep your sodium regulated so that doesn't happen. ...Read more

2

2
What exactly is the effect of hypotonic i.V. Solution?

What exactly is the effect of hypotonic i.V. Solution?

Hypernatremia: The composition of fluid that is given is dependent upon the type of fluid that has been lost and any existing electrolyte derangements. Most patients are treated with isotonic or one-half isotonic saline but the choice of therapy can be influenced by abnormalities in serum sodium or potassium or the presence of metabolic acidosis. Hypotonic solutions can be used to slowly correct hypernatremia. ...Read more

3

3
Are the effects of Cerebral Edema from hypotonic solution potentially long-term? Why wouldn't they affect long-term?

Are the effects of Cerebral Edema from hypotonic solution potentially long-term? Why wouldn't they affect long-term?

Transient: When the concentration of fluid outside the cell is less than inside the cell, water travels across the cell wall to equalize the concentrations. If hypotonic fluids are given water will enter the cells but when both sides are equal the swelling will then resolve. ...Read more

4

4
Can a HYPOtonic solution, i.e. 45% sodium chl, cause brain edema if 2 32oz. Dripswere given? Why would my brain feel swollen after &too painful to move

Can a HYPOtonic solution, i.e. 45% sodium chl, cause brain edema if 2 32oz. Dripswere given? Why would my brain feel swollen after &too painful to move

More explanation plz: The answer is "yes" that brain swelling can certainly occur when a hypotonic solution as you describe is infused. It would appear that you received approximately 2 L of the solution, which is more than sufficient to cause headaches, which is what you may be referring to when you say that your "brain hurts." Headaches occur due to expansion of volume in a closed space. It will get better by itself. ...Read more

5

5
Are testes hypertonic hypotonic or isotonic?

Question is unclear: Please elaborate. Tonicity usually refers to muscles & testes aren't muscles. ...Read more

6

6
What's the difference between hypotonic and hypertonic?

concentration: Hypo, less; hyper, more;iso, equal; tonic refers to concentration.
A hypotonic solution has less dissolved particles than an isotonic solution. A hypertonic solution has more dissolved particles than a isotonic solution and many more than a hypotonic one. If all are added together they would commingle & eventually form an isotonic mixture. ...Read more

8

8
What are the implications of a hypotonic baby?

What are the implications of a hypotonic baby?

It Depends: It really depends upon the cause, if discoverable. There are congenital hypotonias, where intellectually the child is fine, but physically there are delays which require long term physical therapy to achieve normalcy. There are more complicated forms with global delay that may be difficult to overcome. Consult with your pediatrician. ...Read more

9

9
Need some advice. I'm confused about hyperosmotic and hypotonic differences?

Need some advice. I'm confused about hyperosmotic and hypotonic differences?

Apples and Oranges: There is nothing connecting these two terms. Hypotonic refers to muscle tone and indicates low muscle tone. Hyperosmotic (hyperosmolar) means a fluid that has more particles per ml that normal serum in medical terms. It can also mean a highly concentrated liquid in a lot of other scientific scenarios. ...Read more

10

10
What's a hypotonic colon?

What's a hypotonic colon?

Slow: Hypotonic colon means slow intestinal activity of the large intestine. Can result in an enlarged colon & likely chronic constipation. ...Read more

11

11
If someone develops hypertonicity months out from Bell's palsy, can this resolve with time as it takes a year to 18 months for nerve heal?

If someone develops hypertonicity months out from Bell's palsy, can this resolve with time as it takes a year to 18 months for nerve heal?

Unexpected: Hypertonicity is unexpected after Bell's Palsy unless there was a delay in diagnosis and treatment. When it does occur, it should be evaluated and if a consequence of the Bell's palsy may be treated with botox. ...Read more

12

12
Is the internal sphincter hypertonicity the more common problem (than the external u s) in bladder sphincter dissynergy? Ie urinary hesitation?

Is the internal sphincter hypertonicity the more common problem (than the external u s) in bladder sphincter dissynergy? Ie urinary hesitation?

Inner sphincter: The term 'overactive bladder' is used to describe dis synergy of the bladder muscle -not contracting in coordinated fashion; this leads to loss of regularity and coordinated, controlled urination. The inner sphincter is controlled by the autonomic nervous system and is involuntary. The outer sphincter is part of the voluntary nervous system, and we can control it (the basis of kegel exercises). ...Read more

14

14
I'm 17 I have a hypotonic and tortuous ureter. What does that mean?

I'm 17 I have a hypotonic and tortuous ureter. What does that mean?

Ureters..: Ureters are usually straight tubes from your kidneys to your bladder. Tortuous means they are very curvy - kinda like those straws that swirl around. Hypotonic means they don't contract and move the urine down themselves very well. All this can mean the urine may not have the best route from kidney to bladder, and this can lead to urine backing up into the kidneys which can cause problems. ...Read more

16

16
Antispasmodic vs antispastic. Spasmodic is for musculoskeletal +antispastic is for muscle hypertonicity no idea what these mean. Can u dumb it down?

Antispasmodic vs antispastic. Spasmodic is for musculoskeletal +antispastic is for muscle hypertonicity no idea what these mean. Can u dumb it down?

Yes: The muscles are in your intestines are called smooth muscle anti-spasmodic relaxes these kind of muscles. There's a different kind of muscles called skeletal muscle in your arms and neck and back a different type of muscle relaxer relaxes these muscles they function differently ...Read more

17

17
Can Flagyl cause hypertonicity & limbs/face numbness as side effect? Was also taking Percocet, benedryl, phenergan, (promethazine) synthroid, & klonopin w/no issue.

Can Flagyl cause hypertonicity & limbs/face numbness as side effect? Was also taking Percocet, benedryl, phenergan, (promethazine) synthroid, & klonopin w/no issue.

Rule out alcohol: Flagyl can cause a build up of a toxic substance if taken with alcohol. The alcohol can be consumed or can be assimilated by hand washes, mouth washes, etc. The toxic build up would be my first guess as to the reason for the side effects noted. With a pharmacist or online you can search for known side effects of Flagyl (metronidazole). ...Read more

20

20
What kinds of physical therapy can I do with my 3 month old who is hypotonic?

What kinds of physical therapy can I do with my 3 month old who is hypotonic?

Physical therapy: Passive range of motion to prevent joint contracture. Stimimulating active range of motion, to actively move the muscle able to move. ...Read more

21

21
I fast every day this month. I don't eat for around 16 hours. A few hours after I eat I feel very dizzy, hypotonic and I nauseous. What can I do?

I fast every day this month. I don't eat for around 16 hours. A few hours after I eat I feel very dizzy, hypotonic and I nauseous. What can I do?

Stop fasting: If you are doing something that ismaking you ill, stop it. If you are doing it for religious reasons, talk to your spiritual adviser who may give you a "pass on this practice. ...Read more

23

23
Sir, my hypotonic bladder can be emptied by abdomen pressure turp&boo 4months back cisc 5times. Is there any hope of revival even partially?

Sir, my hypotonic bladder can be emptied by abdomen pressure turp&boo 4months back cisc 5times. Is there any hope of revival even partially?

HYPOTONIC BLADDER: There are nerve stimulators that can help. Pressure testes will be nessesary to determine the poss efficacy. ...Read more

24

24
My uncle just undergone TURP for enlarged prostate gland. Post surgery he has hypotonic bladder. Is it curable!? What is the treatment

My uncle just undergone TURP for enlarged prostate gland. Post surgery he has hypotonic bladder. Is it curable!? What is the treatment

Difficult problem: If recent there may still be recovery, the first step in treatment is a good evaluation, usually with urodynamic studies to determine if it is truly a weak bladder vs a persistent obstruction. If the bladder is weak, but he can void and does not experience repeat infections then it may be best to do nothing beyond behavioral strategies. The only real treatment is a catheter, preferably self-cath. ...Read more

25

25
Toddler aspirates, is hypotonic, & has developmental delays. Mri&genetic testing are both scheduled. What is the liklihood we will ever know "why"?

Toddler aspirates, is hypotonic, & has developmental delays. Mri&genetic testing are both scheduled. What is the liklihood we will ever know "why"?

Very good: This scenario suggests a possible inborn error of metabolism. (aspiration in the face of hypotonia and developmental delays). Genetic testing will include testing for inborn errors and will include detailed chromosome analysis if metabolic testing is not diagnostic. You are in Red Lodge so likely will go to Billings where the genetic services are superb. Bring detailed medical and family info. ...Read more

26

26
My son ws born with metopic ridge. His head was and is in 3rd percentile. His soft spot closed at 4 months. How conserned should I be? He has hypotoni

My son ws born with metopic ridge. His head was and is in 3rd percentile. His soft spot closed at 4 months. How conserned should I be? He has hypotoni

Craniosynostosis: If the soft spot (fontanelle) closed prematurely this is an urgent matter. She would need to see the pediatric neurosurgeon promptly. I would tell your doctor immediately as this could leave to problems with brain development. ...Read more

27

27
In what ways are dialysis and isotonic, hypertonic, and hyptotonic solutions related?

In what ways are dialysis and isotonic, hypertonic, and hyptotonic solutions related?

Different Solutions: Tonicity refers to concentrations of molecules that cause water to move from one side of a semipermeable membrane to another. Moving water out of a dialysis patient's blood along with waste products that also need to be removed requires a hypertonic solution. Isotonic means that there is no will be no movement of water, etc. Hypotonic means that water will move back into the patient. ...Read more

28

28
At what % sodium does a solution become hypertonic? . 9% is isotonic, 3% is hypertonic, but where does it change from isotonic to hypertonic? . ..2%?

At what % sodium does a solution become hypertonic? . 9% is isotonic, 3% is hypertonic, but where does it change from isotonic to hypertonic? . ..2%?

Hypertonic: Hypertonic fluid has a sodium content that is greater than that of serum. Human serum has a sodium content of approximately 154 meq/liter. "normal saline" or 0.9% Normal Saline has the same sodium content as serum. Therefore, anything greater than that serum sodium concentration is a hypertonic solution. Examples of this in commercially available forms are 3% or 7% normal saline. ...Read more

29

29
Are intravenous solutions isotonic?

Are intravenous solutions isotonic?

Depends: Normal saline (0.9% nacl) and lactated ringer's (lr) is very close to isotonic. Hypertonic saline, hypotonic saline (0.45% nacl), d5w (dextrose 5%), d5ns, and d5 1/2ns are not. It all depends on the fluid and electrolyte needs. ...Read more

30

30
My Dr insists that I see him once a month. I've been his patient for a year now. Its financially draining b/c I also take expensive meds. Solutions?

My Dr insists that I see him once a month. I've been his patient for a year now. Its financially draining b/c I also take expensive meds. Solutions?

You need monitoring: You do need regular monitoring as you have medical issues that are at odds with one another. For example, your thyroid issues can worsen your psychiatric problems, but you need to have TSH supressed to avoid recurrence of your cancer. Clearly, this is something you should talk to your doc about. Explain the issues with finance and time, ask if you can be seen every 6-8 weeks instead of 4. ...Read more