Doctor insights on:
Is Vulvar Cancer Hereditary
Genital cancer: Vulvar cancer is uncommon, a cancer of the external genitals of a woman. May present as a mass, an ulcerated abnormality, persistent nonhealing sore, lump. Generally in older women, takes time to develop. Just another reason to go for regular exams. ...Read more
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Read below: Staging is a way of describing a cancer, such as where it is located, if or where it has spread, and if it is affecting the functions of other organs in the body. Doctors use diagnostic tests to determine the cancer's stage, so staging may not be complete until all of the tests are finished. Knowing the stage helps the doctor to decide what kind of treatment is best and can help predict a patient'. ...Read more
Vulvar cancer: Vulvar dysplasia (precancer) can be treated by surgery (cutting it out or destroying it with a laser) or occasionally with medicine. Invasive vulvar cancer is most commonly treated with surgery (removal of lesion and lymph nodes). Rarely, chemotherapy or radiation is used also for advanced disease. ...Read more
Not exactly clear: The risk factors for vulvar cancer include cigarette smoking, vulvar dystrophy (eg lichen sclerosus), vulvar or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, human papillomavirus (hpv) infection, immunodeficiency syndroms, a prior history of cervical cancer, and northern european ancestry. ...Read more
Usually a lesion: Most commonly patients present with a single vulvar lesion (nodular or warty) on the labia majora. Sometimes the lesion can be itchy. Less commonly there may be bleeding, discharge, pain with urination, or an enlarged lymph node. ...Read more
None specifically: Many cancers have associated 'awareness' colors. A common exapmle is pink ribbons worn to support breast cancer patients and breast cancer research. To my knowledge, there are no specific 'support' colors for vulvar cancer. I think that the awareness colors for cervical cancer (as close to vulvar cancer as I can find) are teal ; white. You could wear teal ; white to support vulvar cancer too! ...Read more
A couple common ones:
Most women present with a single raised area or mass on the labia majora.
The labia minora, perineum, and clitoris are less frequently involved.
Itching is also a common complaint. Bleeding, discharge, pain with urination, and/or an enlarged lymph node in the groin are less frequent but also possible presenting symptoms. ...Read more
Patch or sore: Vulvar cancer usually presents as a persistent white patch of skin or non-healing sore. A biopsy is useful in the diagnosis. You should not go by how it looks, some forms of vulvar cancer can be deceptively benign-looking. ...Read more
Not very common: Vulvar cancer is the fourth most common gynecologic cancer. Annually in the United States, there are approximately 4340 new cases. ...Read more
YES: The most common risk factors associated with vulvar cancer are age, hpv, hiv, smoking, and vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia. Other risk factors may include bowen's disease, paget's disease, lichen sclerosus, chronic irritant vaginitis (such as with pessary), and employment in laundry and cleaning industry. ...Read more
HPV: The hpv family of viruses encompasses over 100 different strains responsible for cervical cancer, genital warts and vulvar/vaginal cancer. Risk factors include multiple sexual partners, early age of first intercourse, history of abnormal pap smear, history of rectal cancer or hiv. Also, taking chronic meds like steroids or immune modulating meds for auto-immune diseases can increase the risk. ...Read more
It depends: This is difficult to answer without knowing more about your specific case. It depends on the stage of your cancer. This will dictate whether surgery is performed and the extent of the surgery as well as whether there is a role for radiation and or chemotherapy. So without more information it is difficult to really answer this question. ...Read more
Vulvar cancer: A biopsy o the lesion is needed. ...Read more
See GYN: See your gyn and discus your concerns, a good gynecological exam will determine this, with possible biopsy if warranted. ...Read more
Vulvar Cancer: Vulvar cancer is often associated with the human papilloma virus (hpv) and so limiting the number of partners, and having protected sex is always prudent. The development of a white vulvar "patch" that doesn't scrape off and heal, may be an early sign, so a heightened state of vigilance is important, too. When in doubt, always consult your gynecologist. ...Read more
Squamous, Melanomas: Vulvar malignancies are more rare than some cancers and usually arise from skin (squamous cell) or pigment skin cells (malignant melanoma). The squamous carcinoma is commonly related to the human papilloma virus (hpv) #16. The hpv virus is usually transmitted by sexual contact. Treatment can include biopsy, sometimes surgical removal, freezing, lasar, other methods and evaluation for metastasis. ...Read more
Vulvar cancer: Vulvar cancer in many, if not most, women is caused by the hpv viruses. Any behavior leading to increased exposure to the viruses (such as multiple sexual partners) can increase the risk, although the overall risk is quite low. Diseases or drugs that suppress the immune system also increase the risk, as does smoking. It has not been directly studied, but the hpv vaccine may decrease the risk. ...Read more
Early cancer is: Curable. Patients with lesions less than 2.0 cm have a 60-80% five year survival. Smaller lesions have better outcomes. ...Read more
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