Doctor insights on:
Is Trisomy 21 Fatal
Completely different: Down syndrome (trisomy 21) is characterized by varying degrees of neurodevelopmental delay (mild to severe) propensity for dementia at early age and heart/blood disorders, but may have a near normal life span. Extra chromosome x is usually very mild condition; affected females tend to be tall and have relatively small heads and minimal decrease in their verbal and performance iq scores. ...Read more
Ordinary chromosomal traits require a pair of chromosomes to determine the traits. Occasionally, as a mistake in cellular division, there is a tripling of one of the chromosomes. When these occur, they usually cause unpleasant, and sometimes deadly conditions in the inheritor of these traits (e.g. Down's). Many we do not know about as they are ...Read more
Supportively: Down syndrome itself does not need to be treated however certain conditions that can go along with ds should be managed and prevented if possible. These include monitoring for disturbances in growth and obesity, getting a cardiac workup to evaluate the heart function, have hearing and vision testing, check thyroid function, monitor the blood yearly for abnormal blood counts, good dental hygiene. ...Read more
Down Syndrome: This syndrome was named for j langdon down, a physician who ran a foundling hospital in britain many years ago. He wrote up one of the first recognized descriptions of the common features of the syndrome published in a medical journal. ...Read more
They may never: Crawling ends up the least important milestone for a baby. An infant with chromosomal defect usually has low muscle tone and will be delayed in sitting and walking. Most tend to scoot on their bottoms and then learn to pull up to stand and then walk along furniture. They usually do not bother to crawl. Crawling is not necessary. They will progress their way - with appropriate help. ...Read more
Many: There are numerous disorders that can happen with abnormalities of chromosomes 10 and 13. Too many to list here. Trisomy 21 means the person has an extra chromosome 21 and this is more commonly known as Down's syndrome. There are many possible phenotypic findings with this disorder, again too many to list here including physical characteristics, heart , hearing, vision, skeletal, developmental.... ...Read more
Name game: Dr.Langdon Down worked at a home for the retarded in Britain in the 1800's.He was credited for the first published description of the syndrome that would carry his name. After the human chromosomes were identified and numbered in the 1950's, DS was studied and trisomy 21 was identified in most. Later studies show an extra piece of a specific area of the 21 is all that is needed to have DS. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
See below: The gametes that are not fertilized during conception are wasted. ...Read more
What is the risk of a trisomy 21 parent passing on the condition to his/her offspring? Should adults with Down syndrome be dissuaded from reproducing
I was told my unborn baby has a 1:120 chance of trisomy 21. I am doing more testing, but how concerned should I be that my baby has down syndrome?
Hard to not worry: This is a very anxiety provoking test in many cases. Remember this - it is only a screen. This means that there are a large number of false-positives. This is designed this way so that we don't miss the babies that are actually affect with down's. The additonal testing will help greatly in terms of what is going on. The odds are still very much in favor of an unaffected fetus. ...Read more
Nondisjunction risk: You mentioned the two known risk factors for trisomy 21. Increasing maternal age has an increased risk of nondisjunction (the failure of homologous chromosomes to separate during and after meiosis). This leads to an extra copy of chromosome 21 in the egg. There are probably genetic mutations that lead to increased nondisjunction, but these have not been discovered yet. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Down syndrome is a genetic condition in which there is an extra chromosome present. Symptoms may range from mild to severe. Children with Down syndrome share a common physical appearance including a flattened nose, small ears, a small mouth, upward slanting eyes, and a single crease in the ...Read more
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