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Doctor insights on: Is There Risk For Infection In The Replaced Aortic Valve

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Is there risk for infection in the replaced aortic valve?

Is there risk for infection in the replaced aortic valve?

Yes: Any time there is bacteria in our blood stream, it can infect a heart valve. If a heart valve doesn't work properly (leaks too much or doesn't open enough) that risk increases as does if there is an artificial valve. The best way to prevent this is to see your dentist regularly to make sure your teeth and gums are healthy and to see your doctor immediately for any infection or persistent fever. ...Read more

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Dr. Barbara Lavi
1 doctor shared a insight

Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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Tof corrected 20 years back, now pulmonary valve to be replaced with bovine valve. Is there any other option. Which is the best valve option.

Tof corrected 20 years back, now pulmonary valve to be replaced with bovine valve. Is there any other option.  Which is the best valve option.

Talk to your doctor: This is the role your doctor should be taking- talk to you about the pros and cons on different options. If you don't trust his judgment, then you need to get a second opinion. For example, if you were a muslim, then a pork valve would not be an option for you regardless how good it may be. ...Read more

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What is the safest procedure for repairing leaking heart valves in the elderly?

What is the safest procedure for repairing leaking heart valves in the elderly?

Mitral valve: When considering valve repair or replacement for an individual there are many factors which go into the assessment of risk vs benefit for any individual. The appropriate choice is not necessarily the same for every individual. ...Read more

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How come homograft aortic valve replacements have a lower risk of infection?

How come homograft aortic valve replacements have a lower risk of infection?

They don't: There have been studies looking at re-infection risk after aortic valve were replaced in the treatment of heart valve infection. The choice of a homograft vs other options did not influence outcomes. We use to think it would, but it does not. ...Read more

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What is the procedure for repairing leaking heart valves in the elderly?

What is the procedure for repairing leaking heart valves in the elderly?

Depends : Most valve replacement is open heart surgical replacement with an artificial valve of some type. A new method for aortic stenosis (not a leaky valve) is to fix it through the artery- kind of like a stent placement; this is not open heart surgery. ...Read more

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If a low grade infection is found in the joint fluid after ACL repair is there any risk to the graft itself or problems in the future?

If a low grade infection is found in the joint fluid after ACL repair is there any risk to the graft itself or problems in the future?

Yes: The "low grade" infection can infect the graft, the joint (destroy the cartilage) and or invade the bone and give you a bone infection in the bone tunnels. Antibiotics are a must as well as serious consideration to irrigating the the knee out arthroscopically 1-3 times and if it progresses removing the graft itself. F/u closely with your surgeon ...Read more

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The installation of an IVC filter is all that is needed to avoid most heart attacks, strokes and PE's if there is a history of familial heart disease?

The installation of an IVC filter is all that is needed to avoid most heart attacks, strokes and PE's if there is a history of familial heart disease?

No way;can only trap: large clots traveling from leg & pelvis veins from proceeding to right heart & lungs. Heart attacks & strokes result from clots in arteries leaving left heart, including supplying heart muscle itself. Most are without symptoms, due to plaque rupture or clots from left atria (rarely ventricle), occur without warning. Setup is atherosclerosis, LDL-P, HbA1c & Systolic BP not ?, Large-HDL-P not ?, etc ...Read more

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Main concern is marfans. Has had a main arterial valve replacement. Metal. Takes all the usual drugs for that. Now has developed fluid on lungs. Treat?

Main concern is marfans. Has had a main arterial valve replacement. Metal. Takes all the usual drugs for that. Now has developed fluid on lungs. Treat?

Fluid on lungs: No relation to marfan's but clarification as to where the valve is in place. Could be related to mitral valve leaking, weakness of heart muscle, arrhythmia, leakage of aortic valve, leakage of prosthetic valve. It needs close evaluation ...Read more

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Is open heart surgery the only way to address discrete subaortic stenoisis (membrane behind the aortic valve? Are there alternatives?

Is open heart surgery the only way to address discrete subaortic stenoisis (membrane behind the aortic valve? Are there alternatives?

Subaortic stenosis: Can be congenital or acquired at different ages. You must have a cardiologist and have regular ECHOS. The SAS, usually is muscular cardiomyopathy, which narrows the tunnel for the blood to go through the valve. as the resistance increases, is indication for surgery . Cure of fixed subaortic stenosis (SAS) remains a surgical challenge. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for a moderate leak in the pulmonary heart valve?

What are the treatments for a moderate leak in the pulmonary heart valve?

Pulmonary insufficiency: Isolated pulmonary insufficiency often requires only treatment of any associated problems like lung disease. Severe pulmonary insufficiency could require surgery. ...Read more

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Is a hole in the heart the only congenital heart defect or are there others?

Is a hole in the heart the only congenital heart defect or are there others?

Many : Heart defects can range from holes between chambers to missing chambers to incorrect formation of blood vessels. ...Read more

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Have atrial fibrillation as a result of childhood rheumatic fever. It is affecting a heart valve. Will the valve need to be replaced?

Have atrial fibrillation as a result of childhood rheumatic fever. It is affecting a heart valve. Will the valve need to be replaced?

Cardiologist: You need to see cardiologist to evaluate your heart valve with echocardiogram .The cardiologist can determine if valve need to be replace or not. ...Read more

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What is the possibility of future cardiac intervention once mitral valve replaced(mechanical)?

No different: It's no differenct than someone whose mitral valve hasn't been replaced. If you need something to be done and your general health is otherwise okay, it should be done. Naturally, one would prefer to avoid a second open chest surgery, so percutaneous approaches are first considerations, but redos are possible. ...Read more

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What is the effect of a pacemaker after aortic valve replacement?

What is the effect of a pacemaker after aortic valve replacement?

Pacemaker and AVR: After an aortic valve replacement the pacemaker works the same way to keep the heart from going too slow. Sometimes with aortic valve disease the conduction system gets damaged because it is close to the valve, and the patient needs a pacemaker. ...Read more

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Are there any options down the pike for significant mitral valve leak instead of replacement. She had rheumatic fev & te test:valve can't be fixed?

Are there any options down the pike for significant mitral valve leak instead of replacement. She had rheumatic fev & te test:valve can't be fixed?

Repair (Sometimes): In some cases the valve can be repaired by a surgeon, and these repairs tend to last a while. However, the surgeon might not know for sure until the patient is in the operating room and they actually see the condition of the valve. The echocardiogram gives the docs a good idea of what the valve looks like, but understand that it is not a perfect test. Be sure to see a cardiologist regularly. ...Read more

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What are the risks for an 80 yearold with CHF having an aortic valve replacement?

What are the risks for an 80 yearold with CHF having an aortic valve replacement?

Variable: Much of the risk lies on underlying medical conditions and if the CHF is due to the aortic valve dysfunction. If the person is otherwise healthy and the CHF is thought primarily due to the valve problem, the bigger risks of surgery (bleeding, stroke, infection, anesthesia) would relate primarily to the patient age. We do bypass surgery and valve surgery on 80 yo patients quite routinely. ...Read more

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A 13 year old child has bradycardia. There is no obviousshunt. What is the best treatment for a coronary fistula collateral flow in main pulmonary artery, above thepulmonary valve?

A 13 year old child has bradycardia. There is no obviousshunt. What is the best treatment for a coronary fistula collateral flow in main pulmonary artery, above thepulmonary valve?

None: Most coronary fistulas to the mpa are tiny, and if there there is no obvious shunt it will likely not require rx or cause any problems such as bradycardia. Check with your cardiologist for f/u. ...Read more

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Dr. Shari Jackson
3 doctors shared insights

Aortic Valve (Definition)

The aortic valve is one of 4 valves in the heart, each of which separates 2 cardiac chambers. It opens when blood is actively ejected from the left ventricle into the aorta artery, to be carried to the rest of the body. It then closes firmly to prevent blood from flowing backwards, while it passively continues to flow forward to body's vital organs. When next heartbeat ...Read more


Dr. Sheila Smith
9 doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more