Doctor insights on:
Is There Is Any Difference Between Leptospirosis And Viral Hepatitis
Yes: Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria, leptospira bacteria. It can cause liver disease in humans, but usually is a manifestation of a systemic involvement with other injury to kidneys and lungs (then called weil's syndrome). Treatment is to make the right diagnosis and use of antibiotics. Viral hepatitis is caused by a variety of viruses and treatment depends on the type of virus and chronicity. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver. Almost all cases are caused by viruses, including most commonly hepatitis a, hepatitis b, and hepatitis c, or by toxins (eg alcohol). The liver swells, it doesn't work properly leading to a failure to detoxify some biochemical substances, and a failure to excrete bilirubin, leading to jaundice. Some cases are fatal, ...Read more
Short and long: Acute hepatitis is the period of initial infection in which your naive immune system develops antibodies to the invading hep a, b or c. If everything works well your body defeats the infection and the invaders are cleared from your system. In chronic hepatitis the invading hep b or c particles evade the immune system and persist in the cells of your liver causing longstanding damage. ...Read more
Depends on virus: Acute viral hepatitis is a self limiting infection. Hepatitis a is only an acute infection and does not progress to chronicity. For hepatitis b, about 10-15% of patients with acute hepatitis will develop chronic hbv. In contrast, for hepatitis c, 75-80% of patients with acute hepatitis will develop chronic hcv. Chronicity develops when the immune system is unable to clear the virus. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Infection vs toxin: Viral hepatitis occurs after the virus gets into the liver where it injures the tissue while reproducing the virus.The areas involved cannot keep us with the regular liver work and symptoms continue until healing. Alcohol can be processed without liver injury up to a point. After that threshold is exceded it becomes toxic & the liver cells begin to die off & scar ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Complex.: Hepatitis b and c are the two most common viral causes of hepatitis. They are acquired from sexual contact or needle sharing. Approximately 12-20% of those with hepatitis b and up to 50% of those with hepatitis c infection will eventually develop cirrhosis. Cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver, can lead to liver failure. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends on Type: Hepatitis b is usually treated with a single oral medication although peg-interferon is used in select patients. Hepatitis c is treated with a combination of peg-interferon, Ribavirin and possibly either telepavir or bocephivir (depending on genotype). All hcv treatment includes interferon however this may change over the next 305 years. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: The most common types of hepatitis are a, b, and c. People get hep a from contaminated food or water, hep b from blood or other bodily fluids, and hep c from blood. Hep b and c can be transmitted by sexual activity, sharing needles, blood transfusions that occurred prior to 1990 etc. Hep b & c can also be transmitted in transplanted organs. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Varies: Ranges from none to fatigue, joint aches, rash, nausea, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, weight loss, bleeding/bruising, altered mental status, yellow eyes, skin, dark urine, itching, distaste for meat, proteins, tobacco, etc. Signs on exam can include jaundice, enlarged, tender liver, skin changes, abdominal fluid, altered neurological findings, abnormal lab tests, etc. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Blood tests: Viral hepatitis is inflammation of the liver caused by either hepatitis b, hepatitis a, or hepatitis c. Viral hepatitis can be prevented by vaccination for hepatitis a and b, but there is no vaccination for hepatitis c. The symptoms are often vague, such as fatigue, nausea and vomiting and diagnosed by abnormal liver function tests and by detection of the virus or antibodies to the virus in blood. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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