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Doctor insights on: Is There Is Any Difference Between Leptospirosis And Viral Hepatitis

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Is there is any difference between leptospirosis and viral hepatitis?

Is there is any difference between leptospirosis and viral hepatitis?

Yes: Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria, leptospira bacteria. It can cause liver disease in humans, but usually is a manifestation of a systemic involvement with other injury to kidneys and lungs (then called weil's syndrome). Treatment is to make the right diagnosis and use of antibiotics. Viral hepatitis is caused by a variety of viruses and treatment depends on the type of virus and chronicity.

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Dr. Leonard Mermel
51 Doctors shared insights

Leptospirosis (Definition)

A severe infection that is caused by a specific bacteria. It usually occurs in warmer climates, and the bacteria may be found in fresh water that is ...Read more


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What's the difference between acute and chronic viral hepatitis?

What's the difference between acute and chronic viral hepatitis?

Short and long: Acute hepatitis is the period of initial infection in which your naive immune system develops antibodies to the invading hep a, b or c. If everything works well your body defeats the infection and the invaders are cleared from your system. In chronic hepatitis the invading hep b or c particles evade the immune system and persist in the cells of your liver causing longstanding damage.

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What's the difference between acute viral hepatitis and chronic viral hepatitis?

Depends on virus: Acute viral hepatitis is a self limiting infection. Hepatitis a is only an acute infection and does not progress to chronicity. For hepatitis b, about 10-15% of patients with acute hepatitis will develop chronic hbv. In contrast, for hepatitis c, 75-80% of patients with acute hepatitis will develop chronic hcv. Chronicity develops when the immune system is unable to clear the virus.

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What are the differences between viral hepatitis and alcoholic hepatitis?

Infection vs toxin: Viral hepatitis occurs after the virus gets into the liver where it injures the tissue while reproducing the virus. The areas involved cannot keep us with the regular liver work and symptoms continue until healing. Alcohol can be processed without liver injury up to a point. After that threshold is exceded it becomes toxic & the liver cells begin to die off & scar

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Who should get viral hepatitis b vaccines?

Who should get viral hepatitis b vaccines?

Things to ponder: Hep B is a hardy virus, with infection documented from an accidental needle stick while cleaning out a house vacant X 6mo. It is a blood borne & sexually transmitted disease that is a leading cause of liver failure/ liver cancer & need for transplant. Anyone who might have exposure to another person's blood at any time in their life can benefit from the protection.

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How to treat viral hepatitis b?

How to treat viral hepatitis b?

Hepatitis B: If this is new most infections clear on their own. However, if you have the chronic active form there are several medications that can keep the infection at bay and give your liver a chance to recover. If I knew where you lived I could perhaps help you there.... But find one who knows how to aggressively work with you to suppress this virus.

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How is viral hepatitis a treated?

Symptomatically: There is no specific treatment for hav.

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Is viral hepatitis spred by kissing?

No: Unless you both happen to be bleeding at the same time, or it is a non traditional virus like epstein barr (mono).

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How often is viral hepatitis diagnosed in american students coming back from thailand?

How often is viral hepatitis diagnosed in american students coming back from thailand?

Depends: If they have been good or bad (ie sexual exposures, IV drug use).

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Is it right to donate blood if I have had any type of viral hepatitis?

Depends: Since most viral hepatitis can be transferred with blood transfusions, extra precautions and testing are done to assure that donated blood is free of virus. However it is critical that you tell the center of any known or suspected history of exposure. In some cases, when the viral infection has been eliminated (such as hepatitis a), over some extended period of time, it is permissible to donate.

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What are tests for common infectious diseases like viral hepatitis?

What are tests for common infectious diseases like viral hepatitis?

Assays.: These kinds of diseases are tested for ny tests called assays that test for viral antigen oe antibodies to the viral antigens or proteins. For example, the hepatitis b surface antigen (hbsag) is the screening testy for hepatitis b infection. Meanwhile, the anti-hbs antibody tells if the person has recovered from the hepatitis b infection, or has been vaccinated.

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What are the indications of using interferon alpha in case of viral hepatitis?

What are the indications of using interferon alpha in case of viral hepatitis?

Progressive HCV: Although I was a coauthor on the first report of using interferon for hepatitis b, there is now oral and more effective therapy. It, so far, is still used in combination with other therapy for progressive hepatitis c based on a variety of parameters including liver biopsy and certain blood tests. Many, perhaps most people with chronic hcv die with it but not of it.

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How common is viral hepatitis?

How common is viral hepatitis?

Not uncommon: In the us, there are between 3.5 million to 5.3 million americans have chronic viral hepatitis. There are some high risk groups - one out of every 7 african american men in their 40s is living with chronic hepatitis c, and approximately 1 in 12 asian americans is living with chronic hepatitis b. In the us, viral hepatitis causes 12, 000 to 15, 000 deaths annually from cancer and liver failure.

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How is viral hepatitis treated?

How is viral hepatitis treated?

Depends on Type: Hepatitis b is usually treated with a single oral medication although peg-interferon is used in select patients. Hepatitis c is treated with a combination of peg-interferon, Ribavirin and possibly either telepavir or bocephivir (depending on genotype). All hcv treatment includes interferon however this may change over the next 305 years.

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How do you get viral hepatitis?

How do you get viral hepatitis?

Depends: The most common types of hepatitis are a, b, and c. People get hep a from contaminated food or water, hep b from blood or other bodily fluids, and hep c from blood. Hep b and c can be transmitted by sexual activity, sharing needles, blood transfusions that occurred prior to 1990 etc. Hep b & c can also be transmitted in transplanted organs.

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How is viral hepatitis diagnosed?

Blood tests: Viral hepatitis is inflammation of the liver caused by either hepatitis b, hepatitis a, or hepatitis c. Viral hepatitis can be prevented by vaccination for hepatitis a and b, but there is no vaccination for hepatitis c. The symptoms are often vague, such as fatigue, nausea and vomiting and diagnosed by abnormal liver function tests and by detection of the virus or antibodies to the virus in blood.

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How do you catch viral hepatitis?

Depends on the type: Types a and e are spread mostly via fecally contaminated food or water. Types b, c and d are transmitted by infected blood or some other body fluids.

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What are signs of viral hepatitis?

What are signs of viral hepatitis?

Many or none: Most have no symptoms other may experience viral symptoms (nausea, diarrhea, fatigue) or jaundice (yellowing of eyes / skin).

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What're the types of viral hepatitis?

A through E: Of the viruses causing hepatitis as the main manifestation, there are five. A and e are spread fecal-orally usually thru contaminated water or food. The others are spread thru blood and body fluids.

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Dr. Larry Lutwick
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