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Doctor insights on: Is There A Difference Between Cretinism And Congenital Hypothyroidism

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Is there a difference between cretinism and congenital hypothyroidism?

Is there a difference between cretinism and congenital hypothyroidism?

Yes: Cretinism is an old description of children with growth stunning due to profound hypothyroidism, either congenital or acquired who go untreated. Their physical appearance is quite unique but now seldom encountered due to new born screening and early detection. I myself have not seen a case during my entire fellowship period! It is present in other parts of the world where newborn screen is absent. ...Read more

Dr. Judy Saslow
110 Doctors shared insights

Hypothyroidism (Infant And Child) (Definition)

Congenital hypothyroidism is a medical condition in which babies have low levels of thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone is crucial for development, especially development of the brain, and lack of thyroid hormone can lead to mental retardation. Causes of congenital hypothyroidism include the failure of the thyroid gland to form (agenesis) or immature brain to gland signaling. Treatment via thyroid hormone replacement is very effective. ...Read more


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Please advise what is the difference between cretinism and congenital hypothyroidism?

Please advise what is the difference between cretinism and congenital hypothyroidism?

Old term vs new: Cretinism is a term used before testing helped sort out many of the causes of mental retardation that affected infants and children. It was broadly applied to many with profound retardation and developmental delay. Many were found to have congenital hypothyroidism, some Down syndrome or other problems. For many it became jargon for profoundly retarded. The term cretin is rarely used today. ...Read more

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I want to know what is the difference between cretinism and congenital hypothyroidism?

I want to know what is the difference between cretinism and congenital hypothyroidism?

See below: Cretinism is the condition that can result from congenital hypothyroidism. Think of it as cause and effect. Congenital hypothyroidism is the cause and cretinism is the effect. ...Read more

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Is congenital hypothyroidism a sort of cretinism?

Is congenital hypothyroidism a sort of cretinism?

Yes: Cretinism or cretin was the term years ago to describe infants with the constellation of symptoms expressed in untreated congenital hypothyroidism.The term is a bit archaic, and has a derogatory connotation attached to its use. I seldom see the term used any more & haven't seen it in research literature in decades. ...Read more

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Help please! Is congenital hypothyroidism a type of cretinism?

Help please! Is congenital hypothyroidism a type of cretinism?

Yes: Cretinism or cretin was the term years ago to describe infants with the constellation of symptoms expressed in untreated congenital hypothyroidism.The term is a bit archaic, and has a derogatory connotation attached to its use. ...Read more

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Is it true that congenital hypothyroidism is a type of cretinism?

Old term: The term cretin is an old term often used as a slang for the mentally defective kids in foundling homes or institutions. It arose at a time before laboratory testing found that many had congenital hypothyroidism. The term furfuraceous cretin was often a subtype ascribed to kids with down syndrome. Present scientific papers and discussions rarely use the term any more. ...Read more

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What is congenital hypothyroidism?

What is congenital hypothyroidism?

Neonatal hypothyroid: Rare thyroidopathies resulting from mutations that prevent the fetal or neonatal thyroid gland from producing enough hormone are collectively called congenital hypothyroidism. Even more rare are cases of lingual or other thyroid ectopy or agenesis that can have the same effect (low thyroxine). As this hormone is required for brain development affected infants can become intellectually challenged. ...Read more

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What causes congenital hypothyroidism?

What causes congenital hypothyroidism?

Underdevelopment...: Congenital thyroid dysplasia, poor development of thyroid gland in utero, leads to congenital hypothyroidism. ...Read more

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How do you get congenital hypothyroidism?

Genetic & sporadic: Hi. Congenital hypothyroidism left untreated is disastrous for the patient (cretinism). In the US, we screen all neonates for hypothyroidism. The only patient with cretinism I've seen was born in Mexico, where they don't screen neonates; it was tragic. There are known genes that can cause congenital hypothyroidism either in the homozygous recessive state or heterozygous dominant state. Screen!!! ...Read more

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Any good websites for congenital hypothyroidism?

Any good websites for congenital hypothyroidism?

Try hormones. Org: This is the official website of the hormone foundation of the endocrine society, specializing in patient education on endocrine issues. Good luck! ...Read more

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What are the tests for congenital hypothyroidism?

What are the tests for congenital hypothyroidism?

Blood tests: Each state has certain screening tests for newborns to identify treatable conditions that can lead to irreversible damage if undetected. All states mandate testing for congenital hypothyroidism. This is done by testing blood obtained by a heel stick. Read more here: http://en. Wikipedia. Org/wiki/newborn_screening. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is congenital hypothyroidism?

What sort of disease is congenital hypothyroidism?

Hormone deficiency: Mutation in the genes needed for making thyroid hormone can result in deficiency of the hormone even in the uterus. The disease interferes with normal development, including that of the brain and the newborn may be a cretin. ...Read more

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What symptoms make you think of congenital hypothyroidism?

Many: Depends on the age but for infants, they can have puffy face, dull look, thick tongue that sticks out. For toddlers and children, they can have constipation, dry, brittle skin, poor feeding, short height, sleepiness, fatigue, loss of muscle tone (floppy kids), choking epidodes, low hairline...This is a serious disease with serious lifetime consequences. It's easily checked by a blood test. ...Read more

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What are some good websites for congenital hypothyroidism?

Magic Foundation: Great reputation for many pediatric endocrine conditions- directed toward families: http://www. Magicfoundation. Org/www/docs/114.125/. ...Read more

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Foods to avoid if your baby has congenital hypothyroidism?

Foods to avoid if your baby has congenital hypothyroidism?

Yes: Please avoid excessive intake of foods with very high iodine content like seaweed or goitrogens like in brassica vegetables. Luckily, in a normal diet, it is impossible to feed your baby too much of these foods. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Congenital hypothyroidism?

What is the definition or description of: Congenital hypothyroidism?

Cong. Hypothyroidism: Congenital hypothyroidism is inadequate thyroid function at birth. It can be due to abnormality in thyroid gland, inborn error of thyroid metabolism or iodine deficiency. Newborn screening includes testing for congenital hypothyroidism. ...Read more

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How do I explain to my son what it means to have congenital hypothyroidism?

How do I explain to my son what it means to have congenital hypothyroidism?

Low thyroid function: 'congenital' means it's present at birth, and hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland (which is at the front base of the neck) isn't producing enough of the chemicals it should. This condition requires treatment with thyroid hormone to replace what the thyroid isn't making. ...Read more

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I have congenital hypothyroidism family support, experiences from families who have children with hypothyroidism, any suggestions?

I have congenital hypothyroidism family support, experiences from families who have children with hypothyroidism, any suggestions?

Good resource below.: Http://www. Circleofmoms. Com/moms-with-kids-who-have-congenital-hypothyroidism

Is a place for providing and obtaining support. ...Read more

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Can you replace a thyroid if a child has congenital hypothyroidism?

Can you replace a thyroid if a child has congenital hypothyroidism?

No: You can replace the thyroid hormone missing but you can't replace the gland. The medication is cheap, effective and nearly identical to the body's version. Check with your doctor if thyroxine therapy is indeed warranted. ...Read more

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Doctor scared my daughter about having congenital hypothyroidism. What would you say?

Doctor scared my daughter about having congenital hypothyroidism. What would you say?

Life long treatment: Approximately, 1 in 3000 newborn babies is found to have a very low level of thyroid hormone. This is generally due to either complete absence or poor development of thyroid gland. Once diagnosed and treatment (hormone replacement) started early in newborn period, normal life is expected in most of the affected individuals. ...Read more

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Are thyroid nodules possible in congenital hypothyroidism? 26 female

Are thyroid nodules possible in congenital hypothyroidism? 26 female

Nodules: Absolutely. Unless they are large, most nodules are found using an ultrasound. Larger nodules can be palpated in the office. People who are hypothyroid are at a slightly higher risk of having a nodule. ...Read more

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How do complementary doctors treat congenital hypothyroidism?

Thyroid hormone: The treatment for congenital hypothyroidism is to replace the missing hormone, thyroxine, and monitor the treatment. I would hope all health providers would treat it the same way! It's a very natural treatment (it's replacing the same missing hormone the body is not making) and usually all that is necessary. ...Read more

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Why might congenital hypothyroidism not cause immune problems?

Why might congenital hypothyroidism not cause immune problems?

See below: Congenital hypothroidism is caused by poor development of thyroid gland in utero and not by immunologic injury. ...Read more

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What are the major signs and symptoms of congenital hypothyroidism?

What are the major signs and symptoms of congenital hypothyroidism?

EVERYTHING SLOWED: Everything slowed down - slow growth, slow movements, slow reflex, slow heart rate, weakness, fatigue, dry skin, cold intolerance, weight gain, constipation, dry skin, etc. ...Read more

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Is there any long-term effects to untreated congenital hypothyroidism?

Is there any long-term effects to untreated congenital hypothyroidism?

Cretinism: Look this up online. It used to be a common cause of mental deficiency before we began testing for and treating congenital hypothyroidism. ...Read more

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Any reports in journals of congenital hypothyroidism that has been cured?

Any reports in journals of congenital hypothyroidism that has been cured?

Cure?: Some babies can have a transient congenital hypothyroidism. However, for those that are not transient, being born without a functioning thyroid can't be cured. The defects are mostly anatomical, where a baby might be born without a thyroid or with one which is displaced. Sometimes the thyroid is unable to make thyroid hormone because of a genetic defect. Still, very treatable with levothyroxine. ...Read more

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I have a congenital hypothyroidism and take a pill daily to control it. I want to know what could be causing me to lose weight?

I have a congenital hypothyroidism and take a pill daily to control it. I want to know what could be causing me to lose weight?

? over treatment: Low thyroid is very common and easy to treat. However the replacement medicine/hormone can get to a higher level in the body than needed and can lead to weight loss. This is usually associated with hunger. You should have thyroid levels checked. If normal then you will need eval for other causes of weight loss (which are plentiful). You'll need to clarify with dr if you have other symptoms. ...Read more

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Is it normal to have a protruding tongue for congenital hypothyroidism?

YES.: One of the clinical signs of hypothyroidism is the enlargement of the tongue due to accumulation of (glycosaminoglycans) tissue. This condition is accompanied by other signs also. Since the tongue grows big, it will be a "normal" condition for the same to protrude. ...Read more

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Why there is umbilical hernia in baby with congenital hypothyroidism?

Why there is umbilical hernia in baby with congenital hypothyroidism?

Floppy muscles: Of abdominal wall can cause such, but other babies not having congenital hypothyroidism do have umbilical hernias too. Just observe, will get better with time and growing, seldom needs surgery, good luck ...Read more

Dr. Su Fairchild
1,249 Doctors shared insights

Hypothyroidism (Definition)

When the thyroid gland is overactive and too much thyroid hormone is produced, which speeds up metabolism. This results in weight loss, a quick heartbeat, sweating, nervousness, ...Read more