Doctor insights on:
Is There A Difference Between Cretinism And Congenital Hypothyroidism
Yes: Cretinism is an old description of children with growth stunning due to profound hypothyroidism, either congenital or acquired who go untreated. Their physical appearance is quite unique but now seldom encountered due to new born screening and early detection. I myself have not seen a case during my entire fellowship period! It is present in other parts of the world where newborn screen is absent. ...Read more
Hypothyroidism (Infant And Child) (Definition)
Congenital hypothyroidism is a medical condition in which babies have low levels of thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone is crucial for development, especially development of the brain, and lack of thyroid hormone can lead to mental retardation. Causes of congenital hypothyroidism include the failure of the thyroid gland to form (agenesis) or immature brain to gland signaling. Treatment via thyroid hormone replacement is very effective. ...Read more
Old term vs new: Cretinism is a term used before testing helped sort out many of the causes of mental retardation that affected infants and children. It was broadly applied to many with profound retardation and developmental delay. Many were found to have congenital hypothyroidism, some Down syndrome or other problems. For many it became jargon for profoundly retarded. The term cretin is rarely used today. ...Read more
Yes: Cretinism or cretin was the term years ago to describe infants with the constellation of symptoms expressed in untreated congenital hypothyroidism.The term is a bit archaic, and has a derogatory connotation attached to its use. I seldom see the term used any more & haven't seen it in research literature in decades. ...Read more
Old term: The term cretin is an old term often used as a slang for the mentally defective kids in foundling homes or institutions. It arose at a time before laboratory testing found that many had congenital hypothyroidism. The term furfuraceous cretin was often a subtype ascribed to kids with down syndrome. Present scientific papers and discussions rarely use the term any more. ...Read more
Neonatal hypothyroid: Rare thyroidopathies resulting from mutations that prevent the fetal or neonatal thyroid gland from producing enough hormone are collectively called congenital hypothyroidism. Even more rare are cases of lingual or other thyroid ectopy or agenesis that can have the same effect (low thyroxine). As this hormone is required for brain development affected infants can become intellectually challenged. ...Read more
Genetic & sporadic: Hi. Congenital hypothyroidism left untreated is disastrous for the patient (cretinism). In the US, we screen all neonates for hypothyroidism. The only patient with cretinism I've seen was born in Mexico, where they don't screen neonates; it was tragic. There are known genes that can cause congenital hypothyroidism either in the homozygous recessive state or heterozygous dominant state. Screen!!! ...Read more
Blood tests: Each state has certain screening tests for newborns to identify treatable conditions that can lead to irreversible damage if undetected. All states mandate testing for congenital hypothyroidism. This is done by testing blood obtained by a heel stick. Read more here: http://en. Wikipedia. Org/wiki/newborn_screening. ...Read more
Many: Depends on the age but for infants, they can have puffy face, dull look, thick tongue that sticks out. For toddlers and children, they can have constipation, dry, brittle skin, poor feeding, short height, sleepiness, fatigue, loss of muscle tone (floppy kids), choking epidodes, low hairline...This is a serious disease with serious lifetime consequences. It's easily checked by a blood test. ...Read more
Magic Foundation: Great reputation for many pediatric endocrine conditions- directed toward families: http://www. Magicfoundation. Org/www/docs/114.125/. ...Read more
Magic Foundation: Http://www. Magicfoundation. Org/www/docs/1185/congenital-hypothyroidism.Get a more detailed answer ›
Low thyroid function: 'congenital' means it's present at birth, and hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland (which is at the front base of the neck) isn't producing enough of the chemicals it should. This condition requires treatment with thyroid hormone to replace what the thyroid isn't making. ...Read more
I have congenital hypothyroidism family support, experiences from families who have children with hypothyroidism, any suggestions?
Good resource below.:
Http://www. Circleofmoms. Com/moms-with-kids-who-have-congenital-hypothyroidism
Is a place for providing and obtaining support. ...Read more
Life long treatment: Approximately, 1 in 3000 newborn babies is found to have a very low level of thyroid hormone. This is generally due to either complete absence or poor development of thyroid gland. Once diagnosed and treatment (hormone replacement) started early in newborn period, normal life is expected in most of the affected individuals. ...Read more
Thyroid hormone: The treatment for congenital hypothyroidism is to replace the missing hormone, thyroxine, and monitor the treatment. I would hope all health providers would treat it the same way! It's a very natural treatment (it's replacing the same missing hormone the body is not making) and usually all that is necessary. ...Read more
See below: Congenital hypothroidism is caused by poor development of thyroid gland in utero and not by immunologic injury. ...Read more
Cure?: Some babies can have a transient congenital hypothyroidism. However, for those that are not transient, being born without a functioning thyroid can't be cured. The defects are mostly anatomical, where a baby might be born without a thyroid or with one which is displaced. Sometimes the thyroid is unable to make thyroid hormone because of a genetic defect. Still, very treatable with levothyroxine. ...Read more
I have a congenital hypothyroidism and take a pill daily to control it. I want to know what could be causing me to lose weight?
? over treatment: Low thyroid is very common and easy to treat. However the replacement medicine/hormone can get to a higher level in the body than needed and can lead to weight loss. This is usually associated with hunger. You should have thyroid levels checked. If normal then you will need eval for other causes of weight loss (which are plentiful). You'll need to clarify with dr if you have other symptoms. ...Read more
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