Doctor insights on:
Is There A Difference Between African Sleeping Sickness And Chagas Disease
Yes: They are different diseases caused by different but related parasites. Chagas is caused by trypanosoma cruzi, while sleeping sickness is caused by trypanosoma brucei. They affect different parts of the body and cause different symptoms. ...Read more
Chagas Disease (Definition)
Also called South American trypanosomiasis, this is a parasitic infection that occurs in South America, Central America, and Mexico via insect bites. Early symptoms are mostly flu-like while long term consequences, if left untreated, include heart failure and difficulty swallowing. ...Read more
The bug: The parasite that causes the disease are similar, both are trypanosomes, but the vector (the transmitter of the disease) tse-tse fly for africa vs "kissing bugs" for american version are different. The course of the disease is also different-chagas hits the heart, african hits the nervous system. ...Read more
2 different sources:
People with Trypanosoma Brucei infection (African Sleeping Sickness) may become extremely fatigued, sleep during the day and be unable to sleep at night. They may go on to coma and death.
Chagas disease is transmitted to humans by the bite of Kissing bugs, mother to fetus & by contaminated food. They suck blood & pass on a Protozoan called Trypanosoma Cruzi. Sxs can include fatigue, generalize ...Read more
African Sleeping: Sickness. People w Trypanosoma Brucei infection may develop a chancre in area of Tsetse fly bite. Itching of skin is also common. ...Read more
Trypanosoma brucei: The parasite trypanosoma brucei, transmitted by the tsetse fly. ...Read more
Protozoa: It's caused by a protozoa trypanosoma brucei and transmitted by the tsetse fly. Another interesting african disease is nodding syndrome. ...Read more
Trypanosoma brucei: African sleeping sickness is made up of two serious blood borne diseasse transmitted by the tsetse fly which can be lethal. East african trypanosomiasis is caused by trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. West african trypanosomiasis (gambian sleeping sickness) is caused by trypanosoma brucei gambiense. ...Read more
Bloodborne illness.: African sleeping sickness is serious blood borne disease transmitted by the tsetse fly which can be lethal. East african trypanosomiasis is caused by trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. West african trypanosomiasis (gambian sleeping sickness) is caused by trypanosoma brucei gambiense. There is no geographic overlap. ...Read more
Two types: There are two types, one caused by trypanosoma brucei gambiense and the other caused by trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. They vary in terms of geographic distribution within africa. T.B. Gambiense causes a chronic disease, whereas t.B. Rhodesiense is more acute. ...Read more
Sx's: People w Trypanosoma Brucei infection may develop a chancre in area of Tsetse fly bite. Other possible sxs: anemia, headache, fatigue, itching, fever, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, enlarged spleen & pain of muscles & joints. They may sleep during the day but be unable to sleep at night. This may lead to confusion, changes in behavior, coma or death. ...Read more
African Sleeping: People w Trypanosoma Brucei infection may develop a chancre in area of Tsetse fly bite. Other possible sxs: anemia, headache, fatigue, itching, fever, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, enlarged spleen & pain of muscles & joints. They may sleep during the day but be unable to sleep at night. This may lead to confusion, changes in behavior, coma or death. ...Read more
No: The disease was known about for hundreds of years before the parasite and the role of its vector, the tsetse fly, were discovered in 1903. ...Read more
See below.: There are two phases of the disease. First, headaches, fevers, and muscle ; joint aches can develop in addition to a sore at the bite site. This is followed with a second phase involving issues with sleep including daytime sleepiness, cognitive impairment, tingling and numbness, and issues with balance and coordination. Other neurologic symptoms and signs may be present as well. ...Read more
Trypanosomaiasis: Brucei have two sub-types: gambiense and rodesiense and these are treated by pentamidine in the former and suramin in the latter. I think the strains refer to the countries of origin, gambia and rhodesia, now called zimbabwe. Both are transmitted by the tse-tse fly. ...Read more
African sleeping sic: Trypanosoma gambiense & trypanosoma rhodesiense.Get a more detailed answer ›
Sleeping sickness: African trypanosomiasis, also called sleeping sickness, is caused by a parasite named trypanosoma brucei. The most common way this parasite is transmitted is via a bite of the tsetse fly. When the fly bites a person, it regurgitates & some of the parasites enter the bloodstream of the person. Other ways include: blood transfusion, mother-to-child across the placenta, or rarely sexual transmission. ...Read more
The tse-tse: Fly transmits a parasite called a trypanosome in african sleeping sickness...People feel sleepy (ergo the name), have fevers and swolln lmph nodes. While the organisms may be seen in the blood, the blood count is not affected. ...Read more
Parasite: African trypanosomiasis, also known as "sleeping sickness, " is caused by microscopic parasites of the species trypanosoma brucei. It is transmitted by the tsetse fly (glossina species), which is found only in rural africa. ...Read more
Trypanosomiasis: African trypanosomiasis is the parasitic cause of sleeping sickness. During pregnancy, intrauterine infections occasionally occur, resulting in still birth or neonatal mortality. Treatment of the mother can prevent these complications, and prevent maternal death as well. ...Read more
Trypanisomiasis: Yes. This could happen, but more importantly you must be evaluated and treated immediately and the therapy might interfere with a successful pregnancy. This is a fatal disease left untreated and should be dealt with by an infectious diseases expert with experience in dealing with this and with the help of the cdc. ...Read more
Sleeping sickness: Thru tsetse fly which carries the parasite. ...Read more
Completey different: Other than the names west nile, and african sleep sickness, which sound related to africa, there are no similarities. West nile is caused by a viral infection spread by a mosquito. Treatment is supportive only and you basically wait to get better. African sleeping sickness is caused by a parasite spread by a tsetse fly. There are medications used to treat it, but the illness is far more serious. ...Read more
Chagas' Disease: Chagas Disease is due to a Protozoan (Trypanosoma Cruzi). Sxs can include fatigue, generalized body aches, loose bowel movements, vomiting, rash, poor appetite; enlarged liver & spleen & inflamed brain & heart. Antiparasitic medications used to treat it include nifurtimox & benznidazole. ...Read more
Sleeping sickness: This is found in sub-saharan africa, and is endemic in some countries. Travel avoidance is the best protection but if you are traveling there, please see the cdc website or who website for specifics and speak to your physician about meds to carry and other preparation pretravel. ...Read more
Sleeping sickness: African Sleeping Sickness is serious blood borne disease transmitted by the tsetse fly which can be lethal. East African trypanosomiasis is caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. West African trypanosomiasis (Gambian sleeping sickness) is caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. Treatment depends on which type. The is also South American Trypanosomiasis. ...Read more
Very Rare Virus: There exists a very rare virus known as eastern equine encephalitis virus or eee sometimes referred to as sleeping sickness found in north, south, central america and the caribbean. Primarily a virus that infects horses, human transmission via mosquito has been reported. No known treatment. Up to 35% fatality rate in humans. "eastern equine encephalitis". Cdc. August 16, 2010. ...Read more
Sleeping sickness may be caused by Trypanosoma brucei and Chagas disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. Both are transmitted by bite of infected tsetse fly and very common in rurual areas. Diagnosis made from blood smears and the parasite is noted. Preventive screening of population and insected bite prevention is important to control this disease.
The first medications are Pentamidine or suramin. ...Read more
Yes and no: There is no vaccine or drug for prophylaxis against african trypanosomiasis. Preventive measures are aimed at minimizing contact with tsetse flies. Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants of medium-weight material. Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants of medium-weight material. Use insect repellent. ...Read more
Depends: T. B. Rhodesiense (east african sleeping sickness) is found in areas of eastern and southeastern africa. Over 95% of the cases of human infection occur in tanzania, uganda, malawi, and zambia. T. B. Gambiense (west african sleeping sickness) is found predominantly in central africa and in limited areas of west africa. Most of the sleeping sickness in africa is caused by this form of the parasite. ...Read more
Trypanosoma: Is a parasitic disease of humans and other animals. It is caused by protozoa of the species Trypanosoma brucei. First stage of the disease, there are fevers, headaches, itchiness, and joint pains. This begins one to three weeks after the bite. Weeks to months later the second stage begins with confusion, poor coordination, numbness and trouble sleeping. ...Read more
It make long time:
About 30% of infected people who are not treated will develop chronic or symptomatic chagas disease. It may take more than 20 years from the time of the original infection to develop heart or digestive problems.
Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias, ventricular tachycardia) may cause sudden death. Once heart failure develops, death usually occurs within several years. ...Read more
Chaga's Diseases: Chagas disease is due to a protozoan (trypanosoma cruzi). Sxs can include fatigue, generalized body aches, loose bowel movements, vomiting, rash, poor appetite; enlarged liver ; spleen ; inflamed brain ; heart. Antiparasitic medications used to treat it include nifurtimox ; benznidazole. ...Read more
Call her/him: Chagas disease can cause heart abnormalities that can lead to serious problems. Call your doctor back and tell her/him about it. ...Read more
If chagas disease goes untreated for over a year, will it be hard to treat, will it effect you later in life after delayed treatment?
Chagas Disease: Sxs of chagas disease can include fatigue, generalized body aches, loose bowel movements, vomiting, rash, poor appetite. Liver ; spleen can enlarge. Brain ; heart can become inflamed. One way to diagnose it is by visualizing motile trypanosoma cruzi parasites microscopically in fresh anticoagulated blood. ...Read more
What kinds of bites can supposedly cause chagas disease. What is chagas disease going to do to you?
I discovered that I caught chagas disease. I would like to have a child soon, so what will be the risk for the baby?
Your status?: References quote 50% fetal transmission during the acute phase of illness and 3-5% during the chronic phase. Rare cases get a cure but most have residual parasite at low levels in the body, suppressed by your antibodies. If your health weakens you could see a reactivation of the disease (&higher rate of passage).Completion of initial rx ~ 90 -120 days out places you at lower risk. ...Read more
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