Top
40
Doctor insights on: Is There A Difference Between African Sleeping Sickness And Chagas Disease

Share
1

1
Is there a difference between african sleeping sickness and chagas disease?

Is there a difference between african sleeping sickness and chagas disease?

Yes: They are different diseases caused by different but related parasites. Chagas is caused by trypanosoma cruzi, while sleeping sickness is caused by trypanosoma brucei. They affect different parts of the body and cause different symptoms. ...Read more

Dr. Corey Clay
36 Doctors shared insights

Chagas Disease (Definition)

Also called South American trypanosomiasis, this is a parasitic infection that occurs in South America, Central America, and Mexico via insect bites. Early symptoms are mostly flu-like while long term consequences, if left untreated, include heart failure and difficulty swallowing. ...Read more


2

2
What is the difference between african (sleeping sickness) and the american one (chagas disease)?

What is the difference between african (sleeping sickness) and the american one (chagas disease)?

The bug: The parasite that causes the disease are similar, both are trypanosomes, but the vector (the transmitter of the disease) tse-tse fly for africa vs "kissing bugs" for american version are different. The course of the disease is also different-chagas hits the heart, african hits the nervous system. ...Read more

3

3
What are the differences between american and african sleeping sickness?

What are the differences between american and african sleeping sickness?

2 different sources: People with Trypanosoma Brucei infection (African Sleeping Sickness) may become extremely fatigued, sleep during the day and be unable to sleep at night. They may go on to coma and death.
Chagas disease is transmitted to humans by the bite of Kissing bugs, mother to fetus & by contaminated food. They suck blood & pass on a Protozoan called Trypanosoma Cruzi. Sxs can include fatigue, generalize ...Read more

4

4
How does African sleeping sickness affect human skin?

How does African sleeping sickness affect human skin?

African Sleeping: Sickness. People w Trypanosoma Brucei infection may develop a chancre in area of Tsetse fly bite. Itching of skin is also common. ...Read more

5

5
What's the causative agent of african sleeping sickness?

What's the causative agent of african sleeping sickness?

Trypanosoma brucei: The parasite trypanosoma brucei, transmitted by the tsetse fly. ...Read more

6

6
What's the causative agent behind african sleeping sickness?

What's the causative agent behind african sleeping sickness?

Protozoa: It's caused by a protozoa trypanosoma brucei and transmitted by the tsetse fly. Another interesting african disease is nodding syndrome. ...Read more

7

7
Why does t. Brucei infection cause symptoms that led to the term african sleeping sickness?

Why does t. Brucei infection cause symptoms that led to the term african sleeping sickness?

Fatigue/ sleep: People with trypanosoma brucei infection can become extremely fatigued, sleep during the day and be unable to sleep at night. They may go on to coma and death. ...Read more

8

8
What is african sleeping sickness?

What is african sleeping sickness?

Trypanosoma brucei: African sleeping sickness is made up of two serious blood borne diseasse transmitted by the tsetse fly which can be lethal. East african trypanosomiasis is caused by trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. West african trypanosomiasis (gambian sleeping sickness) is caused by trypanosoma brucei gambiense. ...Read more

9

9
What is african sleeping sickness?

What is african sleeping sickness?

Bloodborne illness.: African sleeping sickness is serious blood borne disease transmitted by the tsetse fly which can be lethal. East african trypanosomiasis is caused by trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. West african trypanosomiasis (gambian sleeping sickness) is caused by trypanosoma brucei gambiense. There is no geographic overlap. ...Read more

10

10
What causes death in african sleeping sickness?

What causes death in african sleeping sickness?

Coma: The t. Brucei organisms can cross the blood-brain barrier leading to confusion, severe fatigue, sleep reversal, reduced coordination, coma & death. ...Read more

11

11
Are there different types of african sleeping sickness?

Are there different types of african sleeping sickness?

Two types: There are two types, one caused by trypanosoma brucei gambiense and the other caused by trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. They vary in terms of geographic distribution within africa. T.B. Gambiense causes a chronic disease, whereas t.B. Rhodesiense is more acute. ...Read more

12

12
Can you explain to me the symptoms of the african sleeping sickness?

Can you explain to me the symptoms of the african sleeping sickness?

Sx's: People w Trypanosoma Brucei infection may develop a chancre in area of Tsetse fly bite. Other possible sxs: anemia, headache, fatigue, itching, fever, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, enlarged spleen & pain of muscles & joints. They may sleep during the day but be unable to sleep at night. This may lead to confusion, changes in behavior, coma or death. ...Read more

13

13
Could you please describe the symptoms of the african sleeping sickness?

Could you please describe the symptoms of the african sleeping sickness?

African Sleeping: People w Trypanosoma Brucei infection may develop a chancre in area of Tsetse fly bite. Other possible sxs: anemia, headache, fatigue, itching, fever, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, enlarged spleen & pain of muscles & joints. They may sleep during the day but be unable to sleep at night. This may lead to confusion, changes in behavior, coma or death. ...Read more

14

14
When was african sleeping sickness first discovered as caused by the bite?

When was african sleeping sickness first discovered as caused by the bite?

No: The disease was known about for hundreds of years before the parasite and the role of its vector, the tsetse fly, were discovered in 1903. ...Read more

15

15
Could you list and describe the symptoms of the african sleeping sickness?

Could you list and describe the symptoms of the african sleeping sickness?

See below.: There are two phases of the disease. First, headaches, fevers, and muscle ; joint aches can develop in addition to a sore at the bite site. This is followed with a second phase involving issues with sleep including daytime sleepiness, cognitive impairment, tingling and numbness, and issues with balance and coordination. Other neurologic symptoms and signs may be present as well. ...Read more

16

16
Are there 2 strains of african sleeping sickness?

Are there 2 strains of african sleeping sickness?

Trypanosomaiasis: Brucei have two sub-types: gambiense and rodesiense and these are treated by pentamidine in the former and suramin in the latter. I think the strains refer to the countries of origin, gambia and rhodesia, now called zimbabwe. Both are transmitted by the tse-tse fly. ...Read more

17

17
What are the strains of african sleeping sickness?

What are the strains of african sleeping sickness?

African sleeping sic: Trypanosoma gambiense & trypanosoma rhodesiense.

Get a more detailed answer ›
18

18
What's the name of the pathogen that causes african sleeping sickness?

What's the name of the pathogen that causes african sleeping sickness?

Sleeping sickness: African trypanosomiasis, also called sleeping sickness, is caused by a parasite named trypanosoma brucei. The most common way this parasite is transmitted is via a bite of the tsetse fly. When the fly bites a person, it regurgitates & some of the parasites enter the bloodstream of the person. Other ways include: blood transfusion, mother-to-child across the placenta, or rarely sexual transmission. ...Read more

19

19
What happens to your complete blood count (cbc) in african sleeping sickness?

What happens to your complete blood count (cbc) in african sleeping sickness?

The tse-tse: Fly transmits a parasite called a trypanosome in african sleeping sickness...People feel sleepy (ergo the name), have fevers and swolln lmph nodes. While the organisms may be seen in the blood, the blood count is not affected. ...Read more

20

20
Is the african sleeping disease (african trypanosomiasis) a bacteria or a virus or what?

Is the african sleeping disease (african trypanosomiasis) a bacteria or a virus or what?

Parasite: African trypanosomiasis, also known as "sleeping sickness, " is caused by microscopic parasites of the species trypanosoma brucei. It is transmitted by the tsetse fly (glossina species), which is found only in rural africa. ...Read more

21

21
I'm wondering can the baby die if you're pregnant and get african sleeping sickness?

I'm wondering can the baby die if you're pregnant and get african sleeping sickness?

Trypanosomiasis: African trypanosomiasis is the parasitic cause of sleeping sickness. During pregnancy, intrauterine infections occasionally occur, resulting in still birth or neonatal mortality. Treatment of the mother can prevent these complications, and prevent maternal death as well. ...Read more

22

22
Please tell me, could the baby die if you're pregnant and get "african sleeping sickness"?

Please tell me, could the baby die if you're pregnant and get "african sleeping sickness"?

Trypanisomiasis: Yes. This could happen, but more importantly you must be evaluated and treated immediately and the therapy might interfere with a successful pregnancy. This is a fatal disease left untreated and should be dealt with by an infectious diseases expert with experience in dealing with this and with the help of the cdc. ...Read more

24

24
What are major differences between west nile virus and sleeping sickness?

What are major differences between west nile virus and sleeping sickness?

Completey different: Other than the names west nile, and african sleep sickness, which sound related to africa, there are no similarities. West nile is caused by a viral infection spread by a mosquito. Treatment is supportive only and you basically wait to get better. African sleeping sickness is caused by a parasite spread by a tsetse fly. There are medications used to treat it, but the illness is far more serious. ...Read more

25

25
Can any doctor offer me information on sleeping sickness and chaga's disease?

Chagas' Disease: Chagas Disease is due to a Protozoan (Trypanosoma Cruzi). Sxs can include fatigue, generalized body aches, loose bowel movements, vomiting, rash, poor appetite; enlarged liver & spleen & inflamed brain & heart. Antiparasitic medications used to treat it include nifurtimox & benznidazole. ...Read more

26

26
Will knowing the life cycle of the sleeping sickness parasite help prevent the disease?

Will knowing the life cycle of the sleeping sickness parasite help prevent the disease?

Sleeping sickness: This is found in sub-saharan africa, and is endemic in some countries. Travel avoidance is the best protection but if you are traveling there, please see the cdc website or who website for specifics and speak to your physician about meds to carry and other preparation pretravel. ...Read more

27

27
What is sleeping sickness disease? Is it treatable?

What is sleeping sickness disease? Is it treatable?

Sleeping sickness: African Sleeping Sickness is serious blood borne disease transmitted by the tsetse fly which can be lethal. East African trypanosomiasis is caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. West African trypanosomiasis (Gambian sleeping sickness) is caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. Treatment depends on which type. The is also South American Trypanosomiasis. ...Read more

28

28
Can exist any disease like the sleeping sickness in the unites states?

Can exist any disease like the sleeping sickness in the unites states?

Very Rare Virus: There exists a very rare virus known as eastern equine encephalitis virus or eee sometimes referred to as sleeping sickness found in north, south, central america and the caribbean. Primarily a virus that infects horses, human transmission via mosquito has been reported. No known treatment. Up to 35% fatality rate in humans. "eastern equine encephalitis". Cdc. August 16, 2010. ...Read more

29

29
What are treatments for african trypanosomiasis?

What are treatments for african trypanosomiasis?

Sleeping sickness: Sleeping sickness may be caused by Trypanosoma brucei and Chagas disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. Both are transmitted by bite of infected tsetse fly and very common in rurual areas. Diagnosis made from blood smears and the parasite is noted. Preventive screening of population and insected bite prevention is important to control this disease.
The first medications are Pentamidine or suramin. ...Read more

30

30
How can someone prevent african trypanosomiasis while on vacation?

How can someone prevent african trypanosomiasis while on vacation?

Yes and no: There is no vaccine or drug for prophylaxis against african trypanosomiasis. Preventive measures are aimed at minimizing contact with tsetse flies. Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants of medium-weight material. Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants of medium-weight material. Use insect repellent. ...Read more

31

31
African trypanosomiasis will get you in which parts of africa?

African trypanosomiasis will get you in which parts of africa?

Depends: T. B. Rhodesiense (east african sleeping sickness) is found in areas of eastern and southeastern africa. Over 95% of the cases of human infection occur in tanzania, uganda, malawi, and zambia. T. B. Gambiense (west african sleeping sickness) is found predominantly in central africa and in limited areas of west africa. Most of the sleeping sickness in africa is caused by this form of the parasite. ...Read more

32

32
What is african trypanosomiasis?

Trypanosoma: Is a parasitic disease of humans and other animals. It is caused by protozoa of the species Trypanosoma brucei. First stage of the disease, there are fevers, headaches, itchiness, and joint pains. This begins one to three weeks after the bite. Weeks to months later the second stage begins with confusion, poor coordination, numbness and trouble sleeping. ...Read more

33

33
How fast can I make my chagas disease go away?

How fast can I make my chagas disease go away?

It make long time: About 30% of infected people who are not treated will develop chronic or symptomatic chagas disease. It may take more than 20 years from the time of the original infection to develop heart or digestive problems.
Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias, ventricular tachycardia) may cause sudden death. Once heart failure develops, death usually occurs within several years. ...Read more

34

34
Please help! What is this chagas disease everyone is talking about?

Chaga's Diseases: Chagas disease is due to a protozoan (trypanosoma cruzi). Sxs can include fatigue, generalized body aches, loose bowel movements, vomiting, rash, poor appetite; enlarged liver ; spleen ; inflamed brain ; heart. Antiparasitic medications used to treat it include nifurtimox ; benznidazole. ...Read more

35

35
At my last check up, I forgot to tell the doctor about chagas disease. Is that ok?

At my last check up, I forgot to tell the doctor about chagas disease. Is that ok?

Call her/him: Chagas disease can cause heart abnormalities that can lead to serious problems. Call your doctor back and tell her/him about it. ...Read more

36

36
If chagas disease goes untreated for over a year, will it be hard to treat, will it effect you later in life after delayed treatment?

If chagas disease goes untreated for over a year, will it be hard to treat, will it effect you later in life after delayed treatment?

Chagas' disease: If you have chagas' disease, u need to be treated because t. Cruzi can cause many problems such as cardiomyopathy (heart failure), difficulty swallowing, constipation, megacolon. Should seek help and treatment as soon as possible. ...Read more

37

37
What are the most common symptoms of chagas disease?

Chagas Disease: Sxs of chagas disease can include fatigue, generalized body aches, loose bowel movements, vomiting, rash, poor appetite. Liver ; spleen can enlarge. Brain ; heart can become inflamed. One way to diagnose it is by visualizing motile trypanosoma cruzi parasites microscopically in fresh anticoagulated blood. ...Read more

38

38
What kinds of bites can supposedly cause chagas disease. What is chagas disease going to do to you?

What kinds of bites can supposedly cause chagas disease. What is chagas disease going to do to you?

Parasite: It comes from a parasite called trypanosoma cruzi. There is an acute phase with swelling and inflammation and a chronic phase that can lead to cardiac and gastrointestinal problems. ...Read more

39

39
I discovered that I caught chagas disease. I would like to have a child soon, so what will be the risk for the baby?

I discovered that I caught chagas disease. I would like to have a child soon, so what will be the risk for the baby?

Your status?: References quote 50% fetal transmission during the acute phase of illness and 3-5% during the chronic phase. Rare cases get a cure but most have residual parasite at low levels in the body, suppressed by your antibodies. If your health weakens you could see a reactivation of the disease (&higher rate of passage).Completion of initial rx ~ 90 -120 days out places you at lower risk. ...Read more

40

40
How does your body get rid of chagas disease?

How does your body get rid of chagas disease?

2 investigational: In the United States the medications to treat it need to be obtained directly form the center for disease control. The possible medications are nifurtimox & benznidazole. They are not yet fda approved & are still under investigation. ...Read more

Dr. Heidi Fowler
5,032 Doctors shared insights

Sleep (Definition)

Sleep is a topic that involves concepts such as how long it takes to fall asleep, how many times one wakes up at night, how many hours one sleeps at night, sleep stages, ...Read more