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Doctor insights on: Is Spina Bifida Fatal

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Is spina bifida hereditary?

Is spina bifida hereditary?

Studies show that : the incidence of neural tube defects (NTD's) like open Spina Bifida would decrease by 70% if all women took 0.4mg of Folic Acid daily from menarche to menopause. However, this dose does not prevent NTD's in offspring of women with variations in several genes involved in folate (folic acid) & homocysteine metabolism. There are also inheritable genetic causes of NTD's that are not related to folate (folic acid) metabolism. ...Read more

Dr. Edward Smith
224 doctors shared insights

Spina Bifida (Definition)

A birth defect involving incomplete development of the spinal cord or its coverings. The exact cause of the condition is unknown, but a risk factor appears to be low levels of folic acid in a woman's body before ...Read more


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What defines a spina bifida as spina bifida occulta?

What defines a spina bifida as spina bifida occulta?

Skin covering: Spina bifida occulta, like open spina bifida, is a congenital malformation involving a problem with closing of the neural tube during development. However, there is not exposed neural tissue in spina bifida occulta. There can be tracts connecting the skin to the spinal cord, or lipomas or bands (tight filum) which can cause neurologic deficit. There can also be bony issues. ...Read more

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What is spina bifida?

Spinal cord disorder: The spinal cord forms as an open tube that starts to close from the middle out to the two ends. The entire closure is done by about ten weeks. If the closure is not normal than a condition known as spina bifida occurs. Open spina bifida is when there is an opening in the spinal column to the skin. Closed spina bifida is when there is an opening in the spinal column but it has a thin cover. ...Read more

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What is spina bifida?

What is spina bifida?

Spina Bifida: Spina bifida is a birth defect where the spine does not close around the spinal cord during development. This may be as small as a small gap between the 2 sides, with no buldging out of membranes or nerves, & no associated handicaps, to a large defect with part of the cord exposed outside the body, leading to paralysis and other neurological problems. Folic acid decreases the risk. ...Read more

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What causes spina bifida? Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury, or a chromosomal disorder?

What causes spina bifida? Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury, or a chromosomal disorder?

Spina : Spina bifida is not an injury. It is a birth defect caused by failure of the nervous system to fully develop. When the embryo is forming, the nervous system starts out as a "neural tube" that is supposed to grow in a very specific way. If it does not, you are left with "neural tube defects" like spina bifida. There is nothing we know of that causes it for sure, but certain things make it more likely. It is more common with children that have trisomy 13, 18, or 21, but that is just an association, not a cause. They are very common, and the only thing we know of that might help prevent them is for the mother to take folate (folic acid). The hard part about that is the mother has to take folate (folic acid) very early in the pregnancy, often before she even knows she is pregnant. That is why the all women of child-bearing age are advised to take at least 0.4 mg of Folic Acid every day. ...Read more

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Can there be meningocele in fetus without spina bifida?

Depends: This depends on how you define it. Meningoceles as they are commonly labeled originate anywhere from the neck down to the base of the spine and involve spina bifida. When a meningocele (bag of meninges) arises from the areas above the spine, it is more often labeled an encephalocoel because it usually has brain and meninges in it. ...Read more

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What causes meningocele / spina bifida?

What causes meningocele / spina bifida?

Genetics usually: Altho there is high correlation with genetics causing meningocele / spina bifida, drugs (especially chemotherapeutics) and low blood folate (folic acid) during gestation or abdominal / pelvic irradiation during pregnancy are known causes. ...Read more

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Later side afects of low spina bifida occulta? Incontinence?

Later side afects of low spina bifida occulta? Incontinence?

Possible: Spina bifida and occulta an be associated with urinary dysfunction. Incontinence and/or urinary retention can occur. Recommend further evaluation with urologist, urogynecologist or neuro-urologist. Additional testing can clarify causes such as urodynamic testing. ...Read more

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Old mom. Is closed spina bifida deformity a risk to offspring?

Old mom. Is closed spina bifida deformity a risk to offspring?

Is it simple?: Spina bifida includes a spectrum of anatomical problems ranging from the most severe (but fortunately rarest) called myelomeningocele wherein the coverings of the spinal nerve sac (dura & arachnoid) are absent allowing nerve roots to herniate sometimes through bony & skin defects to the outside world. Spina bifida occulta is most common & most benign-failure of 2 bones (lamina) to completely unite. ...Read more

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Nursing daignosis of spina bifida in neonate as pryority?

Nursing daignosis of spina bifida in neonate as pryority?

Do your homework: The site is not designed to be a shortcut to answer your homework. You need to read through your nursing texts, assimilate the information and come up with a list reflecting the jargon of your texts.Anything off the site will not fit your instructors requirements & they will know you took a shortcut. ...Read more

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What is spinal bifida?

Spina bifida: Spina bifida is a general anatomical term used to describe maldevelopments in the lumbo-sacral region and more rarely in the neck and back. It is a situation were the bones of the spine, in particular the lamina that do not fully form and there can be many variations of spina bifida. ...Read more

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Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury or chromosomal disorder?

Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury or chromosomal disorder?

No one knows : There seems to be an interplay of genetic and environmental factors that cause this disease. Women who have had one child with spina bifida, or who are obese or diabetic have an increased chance of having a child with the problem. It is known that taking Folic Acid during the fertile years decreases the chance of having this problem. ...Read more

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Is there any known link between scoliosis and spina bifida occulta?

Is there any known link between scoliosis and spina bifida occulta?

No: Spina bifida occulta is a mild defect of the spine where some of the bones don't completely fuse together to close the spinal canal. Usually occurring at the very bottom of the spine. This diagnosis is usually incidental. And it just may be a coincidence if a patient has both scoliosis and spina bifida occulta. ...Read more

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Later side afects of occult spina bifida?

Later side afects of occult spina bifida?

No: Spina bifida occulta results from failure of the two lamina of one vertebra to make a solid bony fusion. The defect is generally bisecting the spinous process vertically. No instability is present. No neurologic dysfunction is present because neural elements are not affected. But associated neurological problems which may be symptomatic are more common in association with spina bifida occulta. ...Read more

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Is posterior cleft deformity of the sacrum also called spina bifida occulta?

Spina bifida: Spina bifida refers to a deformity or defect within the lumbosacral spine and yes a posterior cleft deformity would be a form of spina bifida. ...Read more

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Can spina bifida occulta lead to tailbone pain problems in adults?

No: Spina bifida occulta by itself is an asymptomatic condition. However co-existence of other spinal anomalies can lead to back pain. ...Read more

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Difference between fetal spina bifida and anencephaly?

Difference between fetal spina bifida and anencephaly?

Very different: Anencephaly is the abscence of a closed cranial cavity (head) and implies incomplete brain development/function. Essentially, anencephaly is being born without functioning brain. Spinal bifida is an incomplete closure of the neural tube. There is no implication of brain development or brain function. While there may be paralysis in spina bifida, the brain can function normally in many cases. ...Read more

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Information that can be helpful? Spina bifida occulta risk in babies if mom has it

Information that can be helpful? Spina bifida occulta risk in babies if mom has it

5-10 x greater: Spina bifida occulta is a common condition occurring in 10-20% of normal healthy people with the most frequently seen form is harmless. The "less common" forms of spina bifida occulta affect the spinal cord & have potential health consequences. Risk of recurrence (mother-parent) is 5-10 times greater than the gen. Population. Seek genetic counseling/medical follow up. Consume Folic Acid daily .4mg. ...Read more

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Is arnold chiari malformation type one a neural tube defect?

Is arnold chiari malformation type one a neural tube defect?

No: The more accepted term is chiari malformation as arnold-chiari is an older term. This type of malformation is not a neural tube defect, but rather an abnormal migration of the cerebellar tonsils below the level of the foramen magnum (chiari type 1). This defect is attributed to a congenitally small posterior fossa, thus allowing the cerebellar tonsils to migrate downward. ...Read more

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Is spinal herniation a birth defect?

Is spinal herniation a birth defect?

Possible: Spinal herniation can be a type called spina bifida occulta. This is a congenital (birth defect) defect that goes undeteced your entire life. It can also be more. Sometimes this is found during other testing. Severe forms of spina bifida can be detected before birth. It has successfully been operated before a baby is born. ...Read more