Doctor insights on:
Is Pregnancy Discouraged If Cervical Cancer Found
If breast cancer isn't rare in women under 40, why are there no screening methods offered? Shouldn't regular ultrasound or MRI be encouraged?
Breast screening: Women at higher risk can begin screening before age 40. This could entail mammography, sonography, or MRI, depending on the circumstances. Although younger women, and men, can get breast cancer, the likelihood is not high enough to warrant a general screening program. The costs($$, unnecessary biopsies, etc...) would not be outweighed by the benefits. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Will a pap smear tell if there is cancer in the uterus; cervical stenosis being main symptom or does it only work for cervical cancers?
Mostly cervical: Pap tests are a screening test for cervical cancer. In some cases endometrial cells are present (cells from lining of uterus). In some of these cases it is an indication of uterine cancer. You are at a very young age for this. If endometrial cells are present on pap, the doctor may want to do an endometrial biopsy (biopsy of cells of lining of uterus) to determine what the problem is. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Should a nonsexually active woman of 26 wait to have a smear test done until she's sexually active? How high is her risk of cervical cancer at present
Low risk but possibl: In the US, the first formal pelvic exam and surveillance is recommended within the first year of sexual activity or by age 21. Further exams would be determined by the results of your initial exam and the preference of your physician. The risk of cervical cancer is low at 26 but does occur and the salvage rate for advanced stages is less than early disease. ...Read more
Would termination of pregnancy be advised to a four months pregnant woman with stage III cervical cancer?
Stg III a & b: Mean extension to upper 1/3 vagina for a, or to parametrial side wall. While this is curable, and the cure involves drugs and radiotheapy, terminating the pregnancy would allow life saving treatment now vs. Delay until foetal viability. Discuss medical facts with gyn-onc, probe the depth of what you want to do, speak with your partner and support network. Get the facts and do what your heart tells. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Extremely safe: Vaginal ultrasounds are the best type of ultrasound to perform on patients with early pregnancy. Vaginal ultrasounds are closer to the uterus and the pregnancy then abdominal ultrasounds. Ultrasound waves used in your ob/gyn's office are extremely safe. There is no evidence to suggest that they cause miscarriages. ...Read more
Cannot assume that: The pap smear looks at the cells from the cervix, checking for cervical cancer and for precancerous changes on the cervix. A pap smear does not check the vagina, but the doctor who is doing the pap smear does look at the vagina to check that it looks ok. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Screening for uterine cancer? Are there any tests that can find uterine cancer early, before symptoms show up? My aunt died from uterine cancer that wasn’t diagnosed until stage 4. ’m afraid i’ll get it, too and i want to find it as early as possible.
Are internal scans safe in early pregnancy? Some women reported a miscarriage days after scan insisting there is harm but not yet proven. I'm worried
No evidence of harm: After several decades of use and of research, there is still no scientific evidence that ultrasonography whether internal or external is harmful to human embryos and fetuses. The anecdotal stories of some women "who reported a miscarriage days after scan" unfortunately can not be viewed as reliable or scientific. Pregnancy losses are sadly very common (up to 15-25%) without prior "internal scans" ...Read more
Is hCG diet safe for me?I'm a case if ovarian cancer stage 3, had total hysterectomy and chemo in 2007.I've read that it can trigger another cancer.
Don't worry: This is an extreme calorie restricted diet -- which is the only reason it works -- and you also spend a chuck of money for a placebo "hcg". I am glad you seems to have had a favorable outcome with your tumor and hope you will improve the quality of your survival by taking an interest in real physical fitness, not fad diets. You deserve the best -- give yourself this gift. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
If polyp is found in colonscopy in early 30's does that mean I have to be worried about cancer syndromes?
Not necessarily: You need to tell us why you had colonoscopy done at this young age? Polyps are benign and do not indicate that you will develop colon cancer unless you leave them untreated. So what you need to do is obtain repeat colonoscopy in 5 years once more time to be sure that you do not have anymore polyps int he future ...Read more
Pap smear-negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy but positive in Hpv high risk (16,18,31,33) what does this means? Am I at risk for cancer?
At risk: You simply need to be followed extra close. I am glad you are health conscious, and if you comply, you should be fine. ...Read more
Is HPV cervical cancer considered high risk. And if it is removed and pap test is normal can she still transmitt it through oral sex.
Is breast cancer that was treated 3 years ago but just found to show up again as spinal cancer, considered terminal?
Not necessarily: This would depend on where the breast cancer appeared in the spine. Most often these occur as metastases to the vertebra of the spine. These may be treated very effectively with surgery and radiation with very good local control. The status of the breast cancer in the rest of the body (ie. Are there other metastatic sites?) is the key to the overall prognosis. Also, molecular markers are important. ...Read more
Not always...: The likelihood of curing cervical cancer (or any cancer) is generally better if the cancer is discovered "earlier" than "later". The most important prognosticator for cervical cancer is stage/extent. If cancer is confined to the cervix, then cure is likely. Cancers can be "symptomatic" with bleeding and still be cured. If there is spread to other organs, cure may be possible with chemotherapy. ...Read more
Yes/No: Cancer may or may not show in the blood. If one has blood cancer(leukemia) then it will show in the blood. Most other cancers(Solid tumors) do circulate some Cancer cells but they are difficult to see in routine blood testing. Circulating tumor cells and more recently DNA fragments from cancer cells are under intense research study. You have to go to a major Cancer Center to have this test done. ...Read more
Why is mammography not recommended as screening tool for women in 30s to check for breast cancer? Bc their risk is low or bc of dense breasts?
Both: Younger women are at lower risk, and the sensitivity of mammo is decreased in the setting of dense breasts(which tend to be in younger women). There is no compelling scientific data that demonstrates any benefit to screening average risk women in their 30s. However, high risk younger women(e.g. BRCA carriers) may be candidates for screening in their 30s or even younger. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
I know a certain strain of HPV causes cervical cancer. Is it more likely to get penis cancer if your partner has had cervical cancer?
No: A hysterectomy is not really a way of detecting cervical cancer. An annual pap smear is used to detect precancerous changes. If abnormal the next step is an exam under a microscope followed by a biopsy. These are ways of detecting cancer and precancerous changes. A hysterectomy is a treatment option in early stages of cervical cancer. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
When your due date arrives, you will be more than ready to have your baby! Most women deliver the baby somewhere between 37 and 42 weeks. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, only 5% of babies arrive on the exact due date. Approximately 7% of babies are not delivered by 42 weeks, and when that happens, it is referred to ...Read more
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