Doctor insights on:
Is Polycystic Kidney Disease A Disability
The kidneys are paired organs that lie on either side of the vertebral column. Part of their critical functions include the excretion of urine and removal of nitrogenous wastes products from the blood. They regulate acid-base, electrolyte, fluid balance and blood pressure. Through hormonal signals, the kidneys control the ...Read more
Multi vs poly kidney: Multicystic kidney is usually a developmental anomaly of the kidney, usually unilateral and is due to the renal tissue not connecting to the developing urogenital tissue. Usually the kidney does not function, and presents during birth or early childhood. Polycystic kidneys are inherited and usually are functional but eventually will cause progressive renal failure depending on the severity. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
See below: Polycystic kidney disease is a inherited disease in which fluid filled cavities ranging from microscopic to larger sizes upto 10-15 cm occur in the kidneys, causing them to grow very big and loose function. The patients may have no symptoms or present with blood in urine and sometimes kidney pain.Besides controlling high blood pressure there is no definitive treatment yet.Many studies are ongoing. ...Read more
Huge kidneys: Dominant or adult PKD often presents with huge kidneys with cysts. High blood pressure, pain in the kidneys, and strokes may also be issues. The kidneys lose function over time on blood tests. Recessive or infantile PKD presents earlier in life. Kidneys are huge but cysts often are not seen. High blood pressure and kidney problems can occur. Liver scarring can also lead to bleeding from the gut. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Pkd: PKD is autosomal dominant. It is passed easily. Kidneys form cysts. Kidneys enlarge. Function can decline. BP can rise. Infection and bleeding can happen. Some people have kidney pain. Very healthy diet is essential. Drink 4 liters fluid per day. Avoid caffeine. Eat low salt. Get checked every 6-12 months. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Cause- unknown: Exact etiology for PKD unknown. Some researchers swear that genetics plays a big role-- hence ADPKD and ARPKD ( autosomal dominant type and recessive type). But then there are other tapers not genetically oriented. Some hypothesize-- something goes wrong in signaling at cellular level during renal development--- pronephro/ mesonephros/ metabephros stages! ...Read more
Not cured: Other than by kidney transplant. Polycystic kidney disease is not universally fatal. Impaired kidney function can be controlled for a long time by diet ; control of hypertension if present. Occasionally symptomatic cysts can be marsupialised laparoscopically. But, as yet, there is no medical treatment to eliminate the cysts. Many require eventual dialysis or transplant. ...Read more
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