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Doctor insights on: Is Plasma Cell Myeloma Hereditary

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Which groups are most frequently affected by multiple myeloma?

Which groups are most frequently affected by multiple myeloma?

Blacks in US: Twice the incidence in african americans than caucasians. Some families have a higher incidence. ...Read more

Kahler Disease (Definition)

I had not heard of "kahler's disease" until seeing multiple questions on healthtap. It is multiple myeloma (mm). "multiple" is from the often seen "multiple" bone lesions (especially in advanced disease). Mm is a cancer of plasma cells [highly specialized b white blood cells (lymphocytes)] that produce antibodies. Sx are crab: hypercalcemia, renal insufficency, anemia, ...Read more


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Is plasma cell myeloma hereditary?

Majority Not: Majority of myeloma cases is not hereditary.
A small but unknown fraction of cases are familial. The risk of developing myeloma is approximately 3.7-fold higher for persons with a first degree relative with myeloma. ...Read more

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Plasma cell Myeloma Myelogram test shows- Plasma cell=24% No haemoparasites seen Leucopoisesis-More active with Plasmacytosis?

Plasma cell Myeloma Myelogram test shows- Plasma cell=24% No haemoparasites seen Leucopoisesis-More active with Plasmacytosis?

Need more info: From what you stated, you have a serious disorder of the bone marrow and should consult a hematologist. The subject cannot be adequately addressed in this forum. ...Read more

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What are the tests for kahler disease?

What are the tests for kahler disease?

Myeloma Tests: Testing for myeloma includes serum protein electrophoresis (spep) with immunofixation, free light chain kappa/lambda ratio, upep, beta-2 microglobulin, ig's, other lab tests; bone marrow biopsy, skeletal survey. Other tests may include MRI of spine/bone marrow, pet/ct. Bmb tests: fish, cytogenetics, pcli (at some centers), gene expression profiling (gep). Other research tests may be done. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: kahler disease?

What is the definition or description of: kahler disease?

Multiple Myeloma: I had not heard of "kahler's disease" until seeing multiple questions on healthtap. It is multiple myeloma (mm). "multiple" is from the often seen "multiple" bone lesions (especially in advanced disease). Mm is a cancer of plasma cells [highly specialized b white blood cells (lymphocytes)] that produce antibodies. Sx are crab: hypercalcemia, renal insufficency, anemia, bone disease; & infection. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for kahler disease?

What is the treatment for kahler disease?

Myleloma Tx: I've never called multiple myeloma "kahler's disase" but -- http://en. Wikipedia. Org/wiki/multiple_myeloma -- wiki confirms. The treatment options for multiple myeloma have become more complicated due to the number of new drugs in myeloma. This is a good thing. In general we look at transplant eligible or ineligible and personalize therapy based on risk factors. ...Read more

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What is the prognosis (chance of recovery) for multiple myeloma and other plasma cell cancer types?

What is the prognosis (chance of recovery) for multiple myeloma and other plasma cell cancer types?

Better than before: Most patients can now achieve remission either with standard therapy or stem cell transplant. The remissions can be long lived although patients are not cured. Many live a decade or more with good quality of life and this time line continues to get longer with the new targeted therapies. The average life span used to be 2.5 years. ...Read more

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What types of treatment exist for multiple myeloma and other plasma cell cancer types?

"Many": Myeloma and other plasma cell dyscrasia treatments has evolved from standard cytotoxic approaches (eg mp, vad, hypercvad) to "novel" therapies.
Immunomodulatory drugs (imids) - eg thalidomide, lenalolidomide, pomalidomide
proteasome inhibitors - eg, bortezomib, carfilzomib, etc
other: hsp90 inhibitors, hdaci, b-raf, etc.

Over the last few years multiple new drugs have been approved for myeloma. ...Read more

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What types of questions should I ask my doctor regarding treatment for multiple myeloma or other plasma cell cancer?

What types of questions should I ask my doctor regarding treatment for multiple myeloma or other plasma cell cancer?

1-2-3: Cancer 1-2-3:
1) diagnosis - myeloma vs.?
2a) stage - iss (not that relevant for individual)
2b) prognostic factors - eg cytogenetics, pcli (if avail), gep (new), bone disease, etc.
3) treatment -- goals (response or quality or....) and options. Some regiments are easy eg rd which is good for a low burden mm disease and working pt vs. More complicated "induction" regimen for high risk/burden. ...Read more

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How bad is multiple myeloma with 40% abnormal plasma cells in bone marrow?

How bad is multiple myeloma with 40% abnormal plasma cells in bone marrow?

Depends: The number of plasma cells is not the only determinant of prognosis. Are there bone lesions on x-ray? Is kidney function normal? Has there been a response to therapy? Many patients with 40% plasma cells at diagnosis can do well for years. ...Read more

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Is increase in plasma cell 15 percent only related to multiple myloma of other malignancies or infection also?

Is increase in plasma cell 15 percent only related to multiple myloma of other malignancies or infection also?

Myeloma or infection: Multiple myeloma is based on all three of the following for diagnosis: 1) 10% or more monoclonal plasma cells; 2) serum or urine monoclonal protein; 3) organ dysfunction (high serum calcium, high serum creatinine, low hemoglobin, or lytic bone lesions/osteoporosis). If 2) is not present, then bone marrow needs 30% plasma cells. Plasma cells can occur with infections. See a doctor for further help ...Read more

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Are stem cell transplants for multiple myeloma effective?

Yes.: Autologous stem cells transplants (from yourself as donor when in near remission) result in improved progression free survival and probably overall survival. Allogeneic transplant (from someone else) is more complex, and many would consider it experimental. Although the procedure may cure the disease, there are significant complications and risks that may offset the benefits. ...Read more

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Can stem cell transplants cure multiple myeloma?

Can stem cell transplants cure multiple myeloma?

Remission: Multiple myeloma is treated classically with chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation. Both modalities can put the disease on remission and prolong life substantially. I personally do not offer allogeneic stem cell transplant for multiple myeloma unless on clinical trial or under very stringent circumstances. Multiple myeloma remains an incurable but very treatable disease. ...Read more

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Is it reasonable to have second autologous stem cell transplant for myeloma?

Yes: This is a very difficult question today because every situation with myeloma is different. We do not double transplant all myeloma patients like we have done in the past. It is sometimes reasonable if the first was previously successful and donor cells remain. We now have so many treatments for myeloma that sometimes we do an allogeneic transplant or treat with other drugs (velcade, carfilzomab. ...Read more

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Life expectancy of myeloma patients after autologous stem cell transplant?

Myeloma: There are many things that go into predicting life expectancy of somebody with myeloma who has an autologous stem cell transplant. The rough estimate for somebody getting a transplant in first remission is about 6-7 years now. However, this is something your oncologist or transplant doctor can talk to you about with more specific information. ...Read more

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Low red blood cells, very low anion gap, and high blood protein. Should I worry about multiple myeloma? Back/hip pain recent.

Low red blood cells, very low anion gap, and high blood protein. Should I worry about multiple myeloma? Back/hip pain recent.

Anything Is possible: There are numerous possible causes. Have your doctor order a serum protein electrophoresis blood test. If there is no monoclonal spike then myeloma is ruled out. ...Read more

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Why sickle cell anemeia / multiple myeloma cause diabetes insipidus? Is it because it may obstruct the blood flow to the kidneys and damage them?

Why sickle cell anemeia / multiple myeloma cause diabetes insipidus? Is it because it may obstruct the blood flow to the kidneys and damage them?

Basically right: Even sickle cell trait ruins much of the concentrating ability of the kidneys by adulthood. Myeloma is more likely to damage and obstruct the tubules themselves. Both produce a kidney lesion that prevents the urine from becoming concentrated, rather than a pituitary diabetes insipidus. ...Read more

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Is multiple myeloma hereditary?

Rarely: There are a few families where it appears hereditary. Having said this, there are families where more than one individual has the disease and the thought is that this may be due to an environmental cause. ...Read more

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Me 50 yrs was diagnosed with multiple myeloma about 2 yrs back. My father 80 yrs also diagnosed with same recently. Is MM hereditary or coincidence?

Both: Such conditions may be sporadic but genetic factors may well predispose some families to certain malignancies. An oncologist, having much more experience in multiple myeloma cases, is more qualified to answer this question, however. ...Read more

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Does 15 percent plasma cells in b m b lead to myloma?

Does 15 percent plasma cells in b m b lead to myloma?

It may: While 15 % plasma cells in bone marrow is suspicoipus, doctors (hematologists) usestrict criteria for diagnosing diseases conditions affecting bone marrow like myeloma, for which the, patient also needs to have anemia, bony lesions on Xray, presence of special proteins in blood and invovement of organ damage like kidney etc ...Read more

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How many plasma cells in the bone marrow need treatment fr smoldering myloma?

How many plasma cells in the bone marrow need treatment fr smoldering myloma?

Complex question: It's not just the number, but how they crowd out normal cells, and how much other problems they cause (elevated calcium, sludging, infiltration of bone, etc.)
would probably need a special online consult to sort this out better.
Without an actual examination, I cannot give specific medical advice on your particular health, ...Read more

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Multiple myloma specialist needed confusing reports no crab features low m spike below 1 but 14 percent plasma cells in bone marrow pls help me?

"Pre-myeloma": Http://www. Ncbi. Nlm. Nih. Gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001609/

http://myeloma. Org/ArticlePage. Action? TabId=1&menuId=334&articleId=3462&aTab=-1

http://myeloma. Org/ArticlePage. Action? TabId=1&menuId=334&articleId=3467&aTab=-1

Sorry I am not an oncologist. I will try to find one for you. ...Read more

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Multiple myloma specialist needed pls help me confusing reports low m spike below 1 no crab but 14 percent plasma cells in Bone marrow biopsy worried?

Might be myeloma: Your plasma cells >10% in the bone marrow biopsy mean either smoldering myeloma or active myeloma. If you have elevated calcium, anemia, renal insufficiency or lytic bone lesions, I'm sorry to say you have myeloma. If not, you have smoldering myeloma. Go to this link for more info: http://www. Nccn. Org/patients/guidelines/myeloma/index. Html ...Read more

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What is myeloma?

Bone marrow disease: Myeloma is a malignant disorder characterized by excessive growth of plasma cells. It can several complications: excess levels of calcium in the blood, kidney failure, nerve damage, weakening of the bones, increased risk of infections (to name a few). ...Read more

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What is myeloma?

What is myeloma?

Malignant blood: Disease of plasma cells that make proteins and antibodies. This is a disease that can cause bone issues, anemia, elevated calcium and kidney disease. There are several treatments for the disease, but no true cures. ...Read more

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All info about myeloma?

LLS etc websites: Www. Lls. Org, http://www.Cancer.Gov/cancertopics/types/myeloma, www. Themmrf. Org, http://www. Cancer. Org/cancer/multiplemyeloma/index, http://myelomasociety. Org/membership. Html, http://myeloma. Org. ...Read more

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How bad is pain in myeloma?

How bad is pain in myeloma?

Only if fracture +: Not everybody who has myeloma will have fracture when diagnosed. Yes, myeloma will involve the bone and there would be increased risk for fracture- however- just because one has myeloma-it does not mean that it is identical to pain unless you have fracture. And if you do-it depends on your tolerance to pain and how severe the fracture is. Pain is very subjective. Discuss with oncologist. ...Read more

Plasma Cell (Definition)

A plasma cell is a special white cell typically found in the bone marrow which is responsible for making antibodies. When it becomes cancerous, it causes a condition ...Read more


Plasma (Definition)

It is the fluid portion of both the blood and lymph system in which the ...Read more