Doctor insights on:
Is Pericarditis Contagious
Not usually: Pericarditis is inflammation of the sack surrounding the heart. Can be painful and life-threatening if associated with significant fluid accumulation compromising blood return to heart. In U.S., there may be infectious causes, e.g., tuberculosis, but these are not transmissible to others. ...Read more
Is viral pericarditis contagious? Once the fluid is removed through cath procedure will it reoccur?
Can be and maybe: Viral pericarditis is caused by an enteric viral illness which others may catch through oral/fecal contamination: kissing, sharing food utensils, etc. If the fluid is drained, it usually doesn't recur but sometimes it does and you must be watched for this complication. ...Read more
Yes: Pericarditis is infammation of the tissue surrounding the heart. Pain is one of the primary symptoms occuring in more 90% of cases. The quality and severity of the pain often varies with the underlying cause. In addition, the pain is often improved with sitting up and leaning forward. As with any case of chest pain, a full medical evaluation is warrented are prolongend, recurrant or persistant. ...Read more
Generally not: Usually pericarditis is an inflammatory condition that occurs after heart attack or heart surgery. It can also occur with certain inflammatory or auto-immune conditions such as lupus and certain types of arthritis. Infection (which is theoretically contagious) is a less common cause and does not usually spread to other people in most circumstances. ...Read more
The heart (cardium) exists in a sac (like a zip lock bag) called the pericardium.
Irritation from viral or bacterial or TB infection, heart attack, rheumatic and other disease can cause irritation and pain of pericarditis.
Hear a rub, may feel a rubbing sensation.
Pain sometimes relieved by leaning forward.
Must be very uncomfortable
, . ...Read more
Nerves: The pericardium is inflamed when there is pericarditis. There are nerves that connect to the pericardium. So just as you might get pain in an inflamed joint, the inflammation of the pericaridum causes pain. Medications that help such joint pain are also useful for the pain of pericarditis. ...Read more
Usually drugs: Anti-inflammatory medications are the first line treatment - Ibuprofen and others, Colchicine and steroids may be needed. Rarely fluid may need to be drained with a pericardiocentesis. Surgery is rarely needed - a pericardial window or pericardiectomy if the heart is constricted by scarring. ...Read more
Chest pain: Pericarditis is inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart. The causes are multiple, including viral, bacterial, post heart attack, etc. The principal symptom is chest pain, which can change with position. Treatment is to clear the underlying problem and control the inflammation. ...Read more
Yes: Assuming that you mean in an airplane, (jk) whether you can fly depends on whether the pericarditis is stable. If you had developed a large pericardial effusion, (fluid around the heart) for instance, you might not be stable to fly or even to leave a hospital. But if you just have benign pericarditis with a little chest pain, you could be stable. ...Read more
Pericarditis: Constrictive pericarditis involves stiffening/thickening/hardening of the pericardium or "heart sack". This can be caused by many disease processes. Constrictive pericarditis results in restricting the filling of the heart which in turn may cause shortness of breath, swelling etc.. ...Read more
Infections and other: This is a stiffening of the normally pliable sac that holds the heart. Infections in the fluid around the heart, and scarring conditions that have no known cause can cause this sac to stiffen and this results in incomplete filling of the heart between beats. This lack of filling can lead to heart failure, as the heart is incapable of pumping blood as efficiently. It is a rare condition. ...Read more
Lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and scleroderma, can cause pericarditis. Kidney failure (uremic pericarditis), tumors, genetic diseases such as familial mediterranean fever, or rarely, medications that suppress the immune system can also be the cause.
In a number of cases of pericarditis, the cause is unknown. This is referred to as idiopathic pericarditis. ...Read more
Scar formation: Scar formation in the sac enclosing the heart leads to constriction of the heart and interfere with the pumping function. It causes back-up of blood in the liver and may present as heart failure. It may result from healed infections, e.g., tuberculosis or late effect of radiation to the chest. ...Read more
Yes but rarely: Blunt trauma to the chest, with or without rib injuries, is a recognized but rare cause of pericarditis. ...Read more
See below: Pericarditis is an inflammation of the lining of the heart (pericardium). Pericardectomy is a surgical procedure that strips the pericardium from the heart. This is done to treat complications from pericarditis usually as a last resort when other treatments have been ineffective. ...Read more
Different organs: The pericardium is a membrane that surrounds and protects the heart. When it is inflammed, for example by infection, the condition is called 'pericarditis'. The pleura are two membranes that surround and protect the lungs. Inflammation of these structures is called 'pleuritis' or 'pleursy'. The two structures are close to eachother, so symptoms can overlap. ...Read more
Multiple: Pericardial inflammation can occur from renal failure, tb, malignancy, bacterial infection or most commonly, viral inflammation. Also rheumatoid disease and other autoimmune problems. After a heart attack, dressler's syndrome is inflammation of the pericardium and after heart surgery, blood or fluid can accumulate and cause inflammation. Radiation is also a source. All can lead to constrictive per. ...Read more