Doctor insights on:
Is Goiter Contagious
No: You cannot "catch" a goiter from others. But there are parts of the world with iodine deficiency, so that many residents will develop goiters. Within families, there may be a predisposition to auto-immunity, so that the immune system makes antibodies that target thyroid proteins, and can cause multiple family members to develop a goiter. ...Read more
Goiter: Some goiters are present in several family members and some are not. If you are concerned about getting it yourself because others in the family have been diagnosed with this in the past. Have your PCP check your thyroid (physical exam) and order appropriate lab studies and if it is OK don't worry but get the same labs done annually. ...Read more
Variable: Goiter simply means a growth in the thyroid. Three things: 1) what are your thyroid function tests? Hyperthyroidism is managed differently from goiters with normal or low function. 2) usually an ultrasound is done to look for nodules suspicious for cancer - with biopsy if needed, 3) goiters are sometimes removed if they are enlarging significantly or cause swallowing or breathing issues. ...Read more
Depends on cause: If it is a diffuse goiter, it may be caused by high tsh, which can arise in hypothyroidism or iodine deficiency (rare in usa, as salt is iodinated) or excessive goitrogens in susceptible ppl (like cauliflower). Treating the hypothyroidism can slow growth, if the above is the cause. If enlarging modules is the cause, surgery. Depends on cause, radioactive iodine may help. ...Read more
Goiter: Goiter is referred to enlarged thyroid gland. Visible enlargement may be the only symptom of it. Depending on the nature of the problem, there will be various symptoms present. Benign goiters may have minimal symptoms if small, while malignant or large benign ones may interfere with swallowing and / or breathing to name a few. ...Read more
Depends: Hi. "Goiter" simply refers to abnormal thyroid size and/or shape. Goiter can be diffuse, lumpy, multinodular, or solitary nodular. Thyroid shape/size abnormalities (goiters) can be associated with hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, normal thyroid function, benign tumors, and thyroid cancer. "Cure" of goiter depends on underlying cause. I would recommend you see an endocrinologist. Good luck! ...Read more
Iodized salt: Iodine supplementation, mainly through iodized salt, has eradicated iodine-deficiency, or endemic, goiter in the United States. Furthermore, certain foods (cassava and millet) eaten more commonly in some developing countries contain substances that promote the formation of goiter when iodine intake is marginal. ...Read more
Thyroid enlargement: A goiter is an enlarged thyroid. Most cases are not cancer (but a doc needs to examine you and probably do an ultrasound). The most common cause in the usa is living in an area that has soil that is deficient in iodine. Many goiters seem to run in families. At least 5% of all women have some nodules in their thyroid and this goes up to nearly half if screened with ultrasound. ...Read more
How Rx Goiter?:
Someone of unknown age, gender, ethnicity or medical Hx asksL Can u tell me how to treat goiter?
ANS: Yes, find out cause of your goiter and treat that. Happy to do 2nd opinion to get more information such as age labs, where you live, thyroid tests and help more. Causes differ by geography so cannot really give you good info without more info from you. ...Read more
Zymotic is an old term used for conditions that are endemic or epidemic. Goiter is a condition of the thyroid that occurs usually from low iodine and could be endemic to an area. Mumps is a viral infection and while due to immunizations is not frequently found but in the past could become epidemic.
You would have to be more specific for a better answer. ...Read more
First - do you need the surgery?
Second - is the surgeon trained to do a minimally invasive approach? Recovery from that is usually just a few hours vs overnight in the hospital for more conventional procedures.
Make sure this is an experienced thyroid surgeon who knows his/her way around the neck. ...Read more
Thyroid effects: There are a few ways the thyroid can affect the voice. If it's underactive, you can get thickening of the vocal folds which will change the voice. Also, thyroid cancer can invade into the nerve that controls the voice so it can do it, too. Finally, a vrey big goiter can compress the nerve leading to bad function. A large thyroid can also affect swallowing. ...Read more
Physical exam: A careful exam by a healthcare provider who will know the anatomy and will be able to feel the outline of the thyroid --(from the greek language meaning "shaped like a shield"). Sometimes an ultrasound is used. ...Read more
No food restrictions: Worldwide, the common reason for goiter is a lack of iodine, known as iodine deficiency. In order to absorb as much iodine from the bloodstream as possible, the thyroid gets bigger due to an increase in thyroid cells. In america, people get enough iodine in their diet (usually through iodine added to salt), so there aren't good nor bad foods with regard to the thyroid problem. ...Read more