Top
20
Doctor insights on: Is Gender A Factor In Thalassemia

Share
1

1
Do environmental factors play a role in the progression of beta-thalassemia?

Do environmental factors play a role in the progression of beta-thalassemia?

No, but. . .: Environmental factors generally do not play a role in beta thalassemia. However, a patient can be worsened by conditions that typically worsen anemia, such as dietary iron deficiency, other nutrient deficiencies (such as folate (folic acid) or vitamin b12), lead poisoning, or infections with viruses that can cause anemia (such as parvovirus b19). Vacationing at high altitudes may cause symptoms of low oxygen. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
Dr. Michael Engel
270 doctors shared insights

Thalassemia (Definition)

An inherited condition ...Read more


2

2
If a girl with G6PD want to marry someone with with thalasemia what are the risk factors of having kids? Is it bad?

If a girl with G6PD want to marry someone with with thalasemia what are the risk factors of having kids? Is it bad?

How severe?: Thal minor and mild G6PD deficiency are both very minor and very common clinical problems. If you're in love, then I'm happy for you both. ...Read more

3

3
My brother has Thalasemia, little liver sweeling.Recently 17mm gallstones has diagnosed.What will be the treatment and risk factors for him ?

My brother has Thalasemia, little liver sweeling.Recently 17mm gallstones has diagnosed.What will be the treatment and risk factors for him ?

Gallstone ? disease: Stones in the gallbladder (gb) seldom cause symptoms unless they migrate into the neck of the gb (& block exit of bile) or into the common bile duct. Symptomless gallstones may be diagnosed by chance by imaging or during investigation for some other condition. Only 10% become symptomatic within 5 years of detection. Ultrasound, ct scan, mrcp finds stones; cck-hida scan can tell if gb is diseased. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
4

4
What is thalassemia?

What is thalassemia?

Thalassemia: Thalassemia is a deficiency in the production of one of the globin chains (alpha or beta) that make up hemoglobin. Normally synthesis of these is balanced. When imbalanced, one globin accumulates relative to the other forming inclusions that are damaging to the red cells that contain them. There are many thal variants that manifest a wide severity of symptoms from none to transfusion dependence. ...Read more

See 4 more doctor answers
5

5
What is thalassemia?

What is thalassemia?

Familial blood trait: Thalassemia runs in families. It is caused by variations (mutations) in DNA, which is then passed on to future generations. There are many variations in the DNA (genes) that code for hemoglobin molecules inside red blood cells. Some of these variations cause the hemoglobin production to be very slow, so blood cells stay too small because they can't form enough hemoglobin to grow to normal size. ...Read more

6

6
How common is thalassemia?

How common is thalassemia?

Millions of carriers: Thalassemia is one of the most common gene mutations in the world. Overall, an estimated 20-25 million people are carriers (1/300) (about 1/1000 in low-risk peoples, and about 1/30 in high-risk peoples). Low risk: japanese, korean, n. European caucasians, native canadians, native americans. High risk: mediterranean, middle eastern, south asian, south-east asian (western pacific rim), caribbean. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
7

7
What exactly is thalassemia?

What exactly is thalassemia?

See below: Thalassemia is a blood disorder passed down through families (inherited) in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. The disorder results in excessive destruction of red blood cells, which leads to anemia. ...Read more

8

8
How is thalassemia diagnosed?

How is thalassemia diagnosed?

Blood tests: Thalassemia is diagnosed by blood tests: routine blood counts, hemoglobin electrophoresis to find out the types of hemoglobin one has in one's blood, and dna analysis to try to see if certain mutations are present. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
9

9
How is thalassemia inherited?

How is thalassemia inherited?

From Mom and/or Dad: Alpha thalassemia is caused by a mutation in one or more of the 4 genes that code for (holds the dna for) Alpha globulin, which is needed to make hemoglobin for new red blood cells. Beta thalassemia is caused by a mutation in one or both of the 2 beta globulin genes. Mom and/or dad can carry the mutations. A child can inherit a mutation from mom, from dad, or from both mom and dad. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
11

11
What does thalassemia mean exactly?

Start with this link: There are several types. This is a good starting resource. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000587.htm ...Read more

12

12
How we can get thalassemia details?

See below: http://www.childrenscbf.org/resource_detail.php?id=41&gclid=cis2n4o2mrycfzfamgodxqiafq.

Get a more detailed answer ›
13

13
What are the symptoms of thalassemia?

Thalassemia: Thalassemia major can cause severe anemia and cardiac decompensation in first few months of life if not treated.Thalassemia minor causes mild anemia. Thalassmia intermedia may require transfusions. Severity of anemia causes pallor, jaundice,hematopoises in other organs causing splenomegaly, neurological symptoms, pallor, deformilty of bones of face/skull ...Read more

14

14
Who should get tested for thalassemia?

Anemia: Patients who have a certain type of anemia that is not caused by iron deficiency could have thalassemia. If the anemia is severe and unexplained by other causes your doctor may wish to obtain a hemoglobin electrophoresis test for thalassemia. ...Read more

15

15
What happens when you have thalassemia?

Trouble making blood: Alpha thalassemia is caused by a mutation in one or more of the 4 genes that code for (holds the dna for) Alpha globulin, which is needed to make hemoglobin for new red blood cells. Beta thalassemia is caused by a mutation in one or both of the 2 beta globulin genes. Persons with thalassemia have less or little ability to make Alpha and/or beta globulin, so they can't make enough red blood cells. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
16

16
How we can know we have thalassemia risk?

Get tested: As your doctor to test you for thalassemia. There is a simple genetic test you can do or else a doctor may be able to tell you by looking at your blood counts. You should consider seeing a genetic counselor. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
17

17
How many people are thalassemia carriers?

Millions: Thalassemia is likely the most common one-gene mutation in the world. Overall, an estimated 20-25 million people are carriers (1/300) (about 1/1000 in low-risk peoples, and about 1/30 in high-risk peoples). Low risk: japanese, korean, n. European caucasians, native canadians, native americans. High risk: mediterranean, middle eastern, south asian, south-east asian (western pacific rim), caribbean. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
18

18
How rare is thalassemia in a young adult (20s)?

Age doesn't matter: Thalassemia is an inherited condition; if you have it, you're born with it. The frequency doesn't change with age. It's more important where your ancestors are from. Thalassemia is common in Southeast Asians, African-Americans, and persons from around the Mediterranean Sea. If you come from these areas it's more likely you have it than if you're from Northern Europe, but still not really likely. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
19

19
Any advice? What system does thalassemia affect?

More info: Depends on whether thalassemia is trait (minor) or disease (major)---which requires frequent transfusions for major. Also depends on whether you have alpha or beta thalassemia. All thalassema will cause some anemia which can affect the blood system and cardiovascular system as well. Ask your physician to discuss with you the type you have. Good luck. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
20

20
How common is it for somebody to get thalassemia?

Trait is more common: The thalassemia trait is a fairly common finding in certain ethnic groups (those of mediterranean, african, and some asian descents). The trait is generally a mild condition the contributes to a mild form of anemia that generally does not cause any problems. If both genes are affected, a child will have thalassemia which causes a much more significant type of anemia. That condition is more rare. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer