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Doctor insights on: Is Biliary Atresia Detected Before Birth

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Is biliary atresia detected before birth?

Is biliary atresia detected before birth?

No: Biliary atresia is unsuspected until there is a persistent rise in bilirubin of the direct type. Initial imaging study should be a preprandial gall bladder ultrasound to see if gall bladder is present. ...Read more

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Dr. Creighton Wright
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Biliary (Definition)

Biliary means anything related to the production, storage, secretion, or flow of bile, whether in the liver, bile ducts, gallbladder, ...Read more


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Describe the features of biliary atresia.?

Describe the features of biliary atresia.?

See below: Jaundice (yellow eyes and skin) is the first sign of ba. The onset occurs any time from birth up to 8 weeks of age, and it is unlikely to appear later. Some infants have pale, gray (acholic) stools. Most infants have dark urine because of bilirubin excretion into the urine. If the jaundice has gone unnoticed and the disease progresses an enlarged liver and spleen may develop. ...Read more

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What is the disorder biliary atresia?

Bile Duct Blockage: The bile duct carries the bile formed in the liver to the small intestine. Any disease that narrows, scars, or obstructs the duct can be called atresia. In some cases a patient is born with a narrow duct, called congenital atresia. In other cases chronic inflammation, infection, or even rejection of a liver transplant can cause scarring or narrowing of the duct. ...Read more

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What are common symptoms of biliary atresia?

Jaundice: Yellow discoloration of the whites of eyes, skin, darkening of urine and pale acholic stools. Elevation of direct bilirubin. Absence of gall bladder on ultrasound. ...Read more

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Who is more likely at risk for biliary atresia?

Post Transplant: There are two forms of biliary atresia - congenital (at birth) or acquired. The acquired type most often occurs in the setting of autoimmune disease (though no way to calculate risk) and is one form of chronic rejection of a transplanted liver allograft. ...Read more

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How often does biliary atresia occur and who is more likely at risk?

1/ 10-20,000 births: The cause of biliary atresia is unknown, although several mechanisms have been implicated including viral infections, genetic causes and toxin exposure. ...Read more

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What is the liver biliary atresia?

Biliary atresia: Biliary atresia is a congenital scarring of the biliary ducts. These ducts transport bile made in the liver to the intestine so one can digest fats. The ducts scar and obliterate. Bile then cannot exit the liver which poisons the liver. These infants need corrective surgery before they are 2 months old. ...Read more

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How is biliary atresia typically diagnosed?

Multidisciplinary: This diagnosis is made by a team of neonatologists, pediatric surgeons and pediatric gastroenterologists. It includes blood test, an ultrasound, a nuclear scan called hida scan to evaluate drainage of the liver, a liver biopsy and finally a cholangiogram. As you can see it is not straightforward and that is why so many specialists are required. ...Read more

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What is biliary atresia and how is it treated?

Obstruction of bile: Biliary atresia is a disease of infants and newborns that results in obliteration of the bile dusts resulting in jaundice and eventually liver failure. It needs to be addressed early before infant is two months old. Surgery can correct it in one third of the cases. Any baby who is jaundiced after three weeks of age needs to be worked up. ...Read more

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What happens if the biliary atresia is left untreated?

What happens if the biliary atresia is left untreated?

Liver failure: True biliary atresia with chronic biliary retention causes cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, leads to liver failure, unless treated. ...Read more

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Dr. Faisal Qureshi
149 doctors shared insights

Biliary Atresia (Definition)

Biliary atresia is a condition where there are malformed, blocked ducts that have trouble carrying bile from the ...Read more