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Doctor insights on: Is Asthma Restrictive Or Obstructive

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Can you please explain why asthma is classified as an obstructive and not restrictive disease?

Can you please explain why asthma is classified as an obstructive and not restrictive disease?

Obstruction: Airway "obstruction" refers to limitation of air flow through the airways. Asthma is a disease of chronic airway inflammation that can "obstruct" flow. "restriction" refers to processes that keep the lungs from opening fully when you inhale. Restriction can result from fibrosis, or thickening, of the lung. It can even be from something as simple as obesity that keeps you from breathing deeply. ...Read more

Dr. Sue Ferranti
2,964 doctors shared insights

Asthma (Definition)

Asthma is a disease of the lungs caused by chronic inflammation of the airways most often caused by allergies. This inflammation results in airway swelling and hyperactivity leading to difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, dry cough, etc. MIT is a diagnosis made by combining clinical ...Read more


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Lung volumes show significantly decreased functional residual capacity , but otherwise normal, what's this mean? Doc says I have asthma but decreased frc online says restrictive disease im scared!

Decrease FRC: Frc is the volume of air present in the lungs at the end of passive expiration. Obesity and posture will decrease the frc. I am imaging you just got a complete pulmonary function test. In asthmatic patient, the FRC can be normal or high if associated with emphysema or more chronic obstructive conditions. Low FRC with normal pft is not diagnostic of restrictive lung disease. Trust your lung doctor. ...Read more

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Which of these are restrictive: obstructive pulmonary diseases are asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema?

Which of these are restrictive: obstructive pulmonary diseases are asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema?

Restriction: Airway "obstruction" refers to limitation of air flow through the airways. "restriction" refers to processes that keep the lungs from opening fully when you inhale. Restriction can result from fibrosis, or thickening, of the lung as with diseases like idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. It can even be from something as simple as obesity or muscle weakness that keeps you from breathing deeply. ...Read more

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What to do if I know obstructive pulmonary diseases are asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema but what are the restrictive ones?

What to do if I know obstructive pulmonary diseases are asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema but what are the restrictive ones?

See below: Exam question? The interstitial lung diseases (there are many) like Interstitial pneumonias from collagen vascular disease or idiopathic, Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia (BOOP), Respiratory Bronchiolitis Associated Interstitial Lung Disease (RBILD), Drug induced lung disease; also Obesity, Pregnancy, and Cirrhosis with ascites. Many others. ...Read more

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I have small airway disease, not asthma, which means I have problems getting air out of my lungs. Is this restrictive or obstructive? The doctor didn't put me on any treatment.

I have small airway disease, not asthma, which means I have problems getting air out of my lungs.  Is this restrictive or obstructive? The doctor didn't put me on any treatment.

Need more info: It sounds like you may have a combination of some of both, but would need your entire medical record and to examine you before commenting. If dissatisfied with the explanation they gave you, consider a second opinion. Good luck. ...Read more

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What is asthma?

What is asthma?

Definition...: Asthma is a disease of the airways characterized by recurrent acute exacerbations of bronchospasm and airway inflammation. Between exacerbations, most asthmatics have no symptoms. There is no cure but there are effective treatments. ...Read more

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What is asthma?

What is asthma?

Airway Obstruction: Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the lungs that causes wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath due to airway obstruction. The symptoms are usually episodic, but can be present on a daily basis. ...Read more

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What is asthma?

What is asthma?

Chronic disease: It is chronic inflammatory disease of the airways with symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. This is related narrowed airways from inflammatory changes of the airway walls and spasm of the muscle in the airways(bronchospasm). ...Read more

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What is asthma?

What is asthma?

A condition: a condition based on inflammation of the airways that causes increased secretions, cough and difficulty breathing ...Read more

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What is asthma?

What is asthma?

Airway inflammation: Main components of asthma are inflammation and constriction of small airways, making more difficult to breathe. When exposed to virus or allergen, wheezing can occur.The more severe inflammation and constriction, the worse the asthmatic attack. Cells in the airways might make more mucus than usual plugging up airways. Asthma affects people of all ages, but it most often starts during childhood. ...Read more

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