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Doctor insights on: Is Age A Factor In Maternal Sore Nipples

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Is a sign of breast development or puberty in a young female bumps in the breast?

Is a sign of breast development or puberty in a young female bumps in the breast?

Normal tissue: Thelarche is the term used for the emergence of breast tissue in the beginning stages of puberty. A spongy bit of true breast tissue is located directly under the nipple on one or both sides. It can be tender to touch & one side may emerge weeks before the other.Your pcp can confirm this process. ...Read more

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Nipple (Definition)

A nipple also known mammary papilla or teat is a small projection of skin containing the outlets for 15–20 lactiferous ducts. Its at the apex or top or breast ...Read more


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Why is late and low parity a risk factor for breast cancer?

Why is late and low parity a risk factor for breast cancer?

Estrogen: It has to do with estrogen levels and giving your body a "break" from it. Have children at later ages or having fewer children is not as protective compared to the opposite. ...Read more

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Is sucking on a woman's breast/nipple a risk for syphilis?

Is sucking on a woman's breast/nipple a risk for syphilis?

Not unless . . .: Hello Ryan, Just say that your partner has syphilis. Even if she were lactating, Syphilis would not be transmitted to you. Only if there was a Chancre or Syphilitic lesion and your mouth came in contact with the lesion is there a risk of you getting Syphilis in this manner. ...Read more

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I've heard the mother's age at conception is important (below 35 usually best) for a baby's health. How much of a factor is the father's age?

I've heard the mother's age at conception is important (below 35 usually best) for a baby's health.  How much of a factor is the father's age?

Age effects: Women get the blunt of aging effect due to the basics of reproduction.Women are born with all the eggs they will ever release and the effect of background radiation/toxic exposures add up.Men produce sperm from stem cells and essentially make a new batch daily.The healthiest and best swimmers are the most successful for conception.This natural selection spares some of the age issue for men. ...Read more

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What can cause pain under the arm? Is this a sign of breast? Grandmother recently died of breast cancer. How common is breast cancer in a 24 year old?

What can cause pain under the arm? Is this a sign of breast? Grandmother recently died of breast cancer. How common is breast cancer in a 24 year old?

Many things, no, not: Several things can cause pain under your arm. Breast cancer is usually a painless event and most commonly found by ultrasound, mammogram or by physical examination with evidence of a lump or mass. Breast cancer is relatively infrequent in 24-year-olds ...Read more

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Is it true that the chances of having a child with a chromosomal abnormality increases as a womans age increases over 40 year?

Is it true that the chances of having a child with a chromosomal abnormality increases as a womans age increases over 40 year?

Yes: It actually increases to a small degree with every year after peak fertility in the mid 20's. At 40 the risk of a trisomy 21 down syndrome reaches 1% while at 45 it reaches 2%. This number is added to the random risk of 4% that any pregnancy has of an unexpected event (cleft palate, premi, other defect). ...Read more

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Found out there is also a risk of breast cancer in my family. Could a mastectomy be considered preventive medicine in my case?

Found out there is also a risk of breast cancer in my family. Could a mastectomy be considered preventive medicine in my case?

Not necessarily: You need to have a discussion with your doctor about all the details and may get a genetic test. Even after that it is not an easy call, but it is not an issue for this forum. ...Read more

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Is vaginal tightness a factor of age?

Is vaginal tightness a factor of age?

A minor factor...: The biggest factor is the number of vaginal deliveries. lacerations at delivery, etc. Age is a secondary factor. Best wishes! ...Read more

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My mother had lobular breast cancer at 53. Does this mean ill get it? Is the lobular variety more likely genetic? I'm brca negative.

My mother had lobular breast cancer at 53. Does this mean ill get it? Is the lobular variety more likely genetic? I'm brca negative.

Probably not, no: The lobular variety has similar genetic risk as other varieties. Your mother having breast cancer does mean you have greater than average risk but it is still much more likely that you won't get it than you will. Many genes besides BRCA affect risk, but diet and lifestyle still has a greater influence on risk than genetics. See http://tinyurl.com/zwgadg2 and http://tinyurl.com/zg66ou7 ...Read more

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If a woman is flat chested, have fluffy inverted nipples, can she breastfeed?What caused this besides genetics?Women in the family have usual breasts.

If a woman is flat chested, have fluffy inverted nipples, can she breastfeed?What caused this besides genetics?Women in the family have usual breasts.

Breast feeding: Despite having small beasts, the glandular elements to produce milk should still function normally and allow you to breast-feed. Inverted nipples sometimes cause a problem with the infant being able to suckle but breast-feeding is still possible. I would recommend seeing a lactation nurse for some tricks and advice. ...Read more

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What is a clotting factor deficiency in a child?

What is a clotting factor deficiency in a child?

Depends on which : Factor. There are about a dozen clotting factors and any of those could be deficient. Some are serious others not so much. It is not feasible to provide specific suggestion from the information provided. ...Read more

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Mother had lobular breast cancer at 52-- post menopause.Negative for brca genes, atm, p53, cdh1, etc. Is there a strong likelihood i'll get it a well?

Mother had lobular breast cancer at 52-- post menopause.Negative for brca genes, atm, p53, cdh1, etc. Is there a strong likelihood i'll get it a well?

Possible: Various causes result in breast cancer in a family. If BRACA is neg then there is no genetic relationship to getting the Ca. Exposure to the MMTV virus probably results in 80% chance of having a tumor. Also recognized that endogenous sequences of virus can be passed and when proper reorganization of the sequences takes place, the viral genome can induce cancer. ...Read more

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When should a woman have her first child by? For example is there a sharp increase in pregnancy risk over a certain age?

When should a woman have her first child by?  For example is there a sharp increase in pregnancy risk over a certain age?

When she is ready: There is not an age when there is a "sharp" increase in pregnancy risks. Generally speaking, pregnancy risks tend to increase with age. That also applies to risks for genetic anomalies (like down syndrome), that risk at age 35 is 1 in 270 and it increases with each year. There is no specific age that is recommended as "best" to have your first child. ...Read more

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How common is bone cancer on a foot in a 23yo female?

How common is bone cancer on a foot in a 23yo female?

It's rare: Of the many different types of cancer bone cancer is one of the more were types. Usually bone cancer is is the spread of cancer that started another place. Cancer that originates in somebody's bones is rare. It is very to have bone cancer in the foot of someone who is in her 20s ...Read more

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Had 2 babies over 40. Is that considered high risk for breast cancer? Breastfeed both. How much higher of a risk than average woman.

Had 2 babies over 40. Is that considered high risk for breast cancer? Breastfeed both. How much higher of a risk than average woman.

Minimal if any: We don't truly understand what "causes" breast cancer outside certain mutations (brca1/2) ; in most cases its a combination of factors - gene switches ; lifetime experiences. Many items associated w/ "risk" have been identified such as early menarche, late 1st period, mammo density. These are not causes but likely surrogates for other influencing factors. #1 risk: being female and having breast. ...Read more

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How common is an elevated lupus anticoagulant level in a 4 year old girl?

How common is an elevated lupus anticoagulant level in a 4 year old girl?

Not common, but can.: It can occur. However, it would be much rarer for your four year old to have sle. Antiphospholipid syndrome can occur by itself, or with other conditions. ...Read more

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How rare is breast cancer in women under 40 with no first degree relatives having it? What screening method is recommended for them?

How rare is breast cancer in women under 40 with no first degree relatives having it? What screening method is recommended for them?

It is not rare: Breast cancer does occur in significant numbers under the age of 40 years. That is why annual mammography is recommended for all women starting at the age 40 years. You should also do breast self examination once monthly so that you will get to know what the normal feel is like so you would be able to detect any change in the future. ...Read more

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My wife is having a 6.4 level of hypothyroidism during her 1st trimester of pregnancy. Is it a matter of risk or can be controlled?

My wife is having a 6.4 level of hypothyroidism during her 1st trimester of pregnancy. Is it a matter of risk or can be controlled?

Can be controlled: She must consult with her ob/gyn and an endocrinologist (thyroid specialist). It is essential for the good health of the baby ; your wife to make frequent appointments and keep them. ...Read more

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Why is having fewer pregnancies or fewer kids a risk factor for cancer of the breast?

Why is having fewer pregnancies or fewer kids a risk factor for cancer of the breast?

Estrogen exposure: Prolonged exposure to and higher concentrations of estrogen increases the risk of breast cancer. The more pregnancies the fewer menses. Breast feeding accomplishes the same goal. Also age at 1st birth is associated with bc risk too. Check this out from acs: http://bit.Ly/oysxjs. ...Read more

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Dr. Jerome Zacks
145 doctors shared insights

Nipple Irritation (Definition)

A condition that can include nipple discharge, irritation, cracking, and swelling, and which can occur in both men and women. ...Read more