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Doctor insights on: Intraventricular Hemorrhage Cyanosis

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Can coarctation of aorta cause cyanosis? Is cyanosis due to hypoxia?

Can coarctation of aorta cause cyanosis? Is cyanosis due to hypoxia?

Not in isolation: Coarctation only causes cyanosis when it is associated with other heart disease that allows blue blood to cross over to the red blood side. Cyanosis occurs in two situations: 1. When blue blood gets to the red blood side ("right-to-left shunting) or 2. When blood is not fully oxygenated in the lungs ("pulmonary venous desaturation"). ...Read more

Dr. Bryan Treacy
780 doctors shared insights

Heavy Bleeding (Definition)

Usually described by physicians as having to change a pad more than every 1-2 hours, passing large clots, change from your previous pattern, needing overnight protection, ...Read more


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What is birth asphyxia? Anoxia? Hypoxia?

What is birth asphyxia? Anoxia? Hypoxia?

See below: All 3 terms refer to a decrease in the amount of oxygen the baby receives during the birthing process. If severe, it could have an effect on the child's brain. ...Read more

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Could epidural hematoma lead to cerebral hypoxia?

Could epidural hematoma lead to cerebral hypoxia?

Yes: Imagine a pressure on one side of the brain from the skull, pushing that side of the brain compressing all the tissues including the blood vessels causing brain hypoxia on one side. It then pushes the whole brain and shifts to the brain against the unyielding skull to the other side, compressing the tissues there also (counter coup effect). That is epidural hematoma without surgical treatment. ...Read more

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Can harmless heart murmur cause splinter hemorrhages?

Can harmless heart murmur cause splinter hemorrhages?

No: Heart murmur is not a diagnosis, it is a finding on physical examination. Some diseases and defects that cause murmurs have an increased risk of endocarditis and one of the physical examination findings in endocarditis can be splinter hemorrhages. ...Read more

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Is ventricular or atrial septal defect hereditary?

Is ventricular or atrial septal defect hereditary?

Most cases no: The chances of being born with a heart defect are approximately 8 per every thousand deliveries (a little under 1%). Most babies born with a heart defect (asd, vsd or any of a multitude of others) have no family members with heart disease. Now, when there is a first line family member with a heart defect the chances increase to about 2-3%, so there may be some genetic component. ...Read more

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Are atrial septal defects or atrial septal aneurysms ever the result of infection?

Are atrial septal defects or atrial septal aneurysms ever the result of infection?

Yes but very rarely: It is possible to have an infection in the heart which weakens the atrial septum (causing an aneurysm) or even creates a complete holes (atrial septal defects). This is a very rare finding though and the illness that caused it is generally quite severe. ASDs and atrial septal aneurysms are very common though and most just occur during fetal (i.e. baby) development . ...Read more

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Is induced cerebral hypoperfusion reversible?

Is induced cerebral hypoperfusion reversible?

Maybe. Probably.: Cerebral hypoperfusion literally means "not enough blood to the brain." so whether or not it is reversible depends on the cause for the decreased blood flow, and "induced" typically refers to intentionally causing this, such as for brain surgery or diagnostically. If this is the case, then yes, it's reversible. You should ask your doctor for more information rather than "medspeak.". ...Read more

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Define?accute anteroseptal myocardial infarction, atherosclerotic obstructive coronary artery disease, pulmonary edema, cardiogenic shock, hypokalemia

Define?accute anteroseptal myocardial infarction, atherosclerotic obstructive coronary artery disease, pulmonary edema, cardiogenic shock, hypokalemia

Here are some...: A 400-letter space is impossible to address many indicated subjects as questioned here. Why not type in the terms as keywords to search online? Thereby you surely gain a lot of pertinent information to feed your appetite of knowledge. Or you may just ask your doc who should be able to answer your questions to the point much easier. ...Read more

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Can endocarditis CAUSE atrial septal aneurysm with a pfo or ASD shunt?

Can endocarditis CAUSE atrial septal aneurysm with a pfo or ASD shunt?

No: A cerebral embolism can happen in someone with an undiagnosed PFO or ASD +/- atrial septal aneurysm. Endocarditis causes valve degeneration and/ or there could be a coronary embolism causing a heart attacks. ...Read more

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What is intracerebral hemorrhage grading system?

What is intracerebral hemorrhage grading system?

Risk stratifying: There are a number of ich grading scales that are used to to stratify risk upon presentation and assist in prognosis. Components of the scales vary but include age, volume of the hemorrhage, location of the hemorrhage, glasgow coma scale, and other parameters. All require neuroimaging to assist in the evaluation. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary hypertension always present in atrial septal defect?

Is pulmonary hypertension always present in atrial septal defect?

No: People with asds do not always have pulmonary hypertension. An untreated ASD can potentially lead to pulmonary hypertension over a long period of time. But it's not always present. ...Read more

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Whats a heart defect called supracardiactotal anomalous pulmonary venous return?

Whats a heart defect called supracardiactotal anomalous pulmonary venous return?

Abnormal lung veins: The pulmonary veins are the vessels that normally bring blood with oxygen back to the heart from the lungs. Supracardiac tapvr is when these veins drain to the innominate vein which eventually brings that blood back to the right side of the heart rather than the left. This requires surgical repair. Babies born with this usually have much lower than normal oxygen levels and appear blue. ...Read more

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Could ventricular septal defect cause diastolic murmur?

Could ventricular septal defect cause diastolic murmur?

Two ways: A large vsd with increased pulmonary blood flow may cause a diastolic flow rumble caused by a large amount of flow coming back from the lungs across the mitral valve into the left ventricle. Perimembranous and supracristal vsds can cause aortic valve deformation, and subsequent development of a diastolic murmur of aortic valve insufficiency. ...Read more

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66yr/ m congestive heart failure, stroke, pulmonary embolism, then 2nd massive hemorrhagic stroke, surgery to repair, fell into coma. prognosis?

66yr/ m congestive heart failure, stroke, pulmonary embolism, then 2nd massive hemorrhagic stroke, surgery to repair, fell into coma. prognosis?

Guarded: I am sorry for this situation. No one can say for sure what will happen, but from your description, I think the prognosis would be guarded. ...Read more

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Is brain hemorrhaging hereditary?

Is brain hemorrhaging hereditary?

Typically NO: Most brain hemorrhages are due to uncontrolled hypertension. Other common causes include cocaine/amphetamines, tumors that bleed, arteriovenous malformations, aneurysm rupture, anti-coagulant medications, trauma, embolic strokes that bleed and some brain infections.. The complete list is long. Some hereditary conditions that affect the integrity of blood vessel walls, increase bleeding risk. ...Read more

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Is ventricular fibrillation the cause of cardiac arrest?

Is ventricular fibrillation the cause of cardiac arrest?

One of them: It is the most common heart arrhythmia associated with cardiac arrest. It is not exact to call it the cause, since ventricular fibrillation itself has an underlying cause, most commonly coronary artery disease, but there are others. ...Read more

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Dr. Rashed Hasan
132 doctors shared insights

Intraventricular Hemorrhage (Definition)

This refers to bleeding that has extended into the ...Read more