Doctor insights on:
Intraventricular Hemorrhage Cyanosis
Not in isolation: Coarctation only causes cyanosis when it is associated with other heart disease that allows blue blood to cross over to the red blood side. Cyanosis occurs in two situations: 1. When blue blood gets to the red blood side ("right-to-left shunting) or 2. When blood is not fully oxygenated in the lungs ("pulmonary venous desaturation"). ...Read more
Yes: Imagine a pressure on one side of the brain from the skull, pushing that side of the brain compressing all the tissues including the blood vessels causing brain hypoxia on one side. It then pushes the whole brain and shifts to the brain against the unyielding skull to the other side, compressing the tissues there also (counter coup effect). That is epidural hematoma without surgical treatment. ...Read more
Most cases no: The chances of being born with a heart defect are approximately 8 per every thousand deliveries (a little under 1%). Most babies born with a heart defect (asd, vsd or any of a multitude of others) have no family members with heart disease. Now, when there is a first line family member with a heart defect the chances increase to about 2-3%, so there may be some genetic component. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes but very rarely: It is possible to have an infection in the heart which weakens the atrial septum (causing an aneurysm) or even creates a complete holes (atrial septal defects). This is a very rare finding though and the illness that caused it is generally quite severe. ASDs and atrial septal aneurysms are very common though and most just occur during fetal (i.e. baby) development . ...Read more
Maybe. Probably.: Cerebral hypoperfusion literally means "not enough blood to the brain." so whether or not it is reversible depends on the cause for the decreased blood flow, and "induced" typically refers to intentionally causing this, such as for brain surgery or diagnostically. If this is the case, then yes, it's reversible. You should ask your doctor for more information rather than "medspeak.". ...Read more
Define?accute anteroseptal myocardial infarction, atherosclerotic obstructive coronary artery disease, pulmonary edema, cardiogenic shock, hypokalemia
Here are some...: A 400-letter space is impossible to address many indicated subjects as questioned here. Why not type in the terms as keywords to search online? Thereby you surely gain a lot of pertinent information to feed your appetite of knowledge. Or you may just ask your doc who should be able to answer your questions to the point much easier. ...Read more
Risk stratifying: There are a number of ich grading scales that are used to to stratify risk upon presentation and assist in prognosis. Components of the scales vary but include age, volume of the hemorrhage, location of the hemorrhage, glasgow coma scale, and other parameters. All require neuroimaging to assist in the evaluation. ...Read more
Abnormal lung veins: The pulmonary veins are the vessels that normally bring blood with oxygen back to the heart from the lungs. Supracardiac tapvr is when these veins drain to the innominate vein which eventually brings that blood back to the right side of the heart rather than the left. This requires surgical repair. Babies born with this usually have much lower than normal oxygen levels and appear blue. ...Read more
Two ways: A large vsd with increased pulmonary blood flow may cause a diastolic flow rumble caused by a large amount of flow coming back from the lungs across the mitral valve into the left ventricle. Perimembranous and supracristal vsds can cause aortic valve deformation, and subsequent development of a diastolic murmur of aortic valve insufficiency. ...Read more
66yr/ m congestive heart failure, stroke, pulmonary embolism, then 2nd massive hemorrhagic stroke, surgery to repair, fell into coma. prognosis?
Typically NO: Most brain hemorrhages are due to uncontrolled hypertension. Other common causes include cocaine/amphetamines, tumors that bleed, arteriovenous malformations, aneurysm rupture, anti-coagulant medications, trauma, embolic strokes that bleed and some brain infections.. The complete list is long. Some hereditary conditions that affect the integrity of blood vessel walls, increase bleeding risk. ...Read more
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