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Doctor insights on: Intractable Epilepsy

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Dr. Que Chu Dr. Chu
3 doctors agreed:
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Hi,Is focal generalized epilepsy different to petit mal.

Dr. Que Chu Dr. Chu
3 doctors agreed:
Hi,Is focal generalized epilepsy different to petit mal.

It is different: Focal epilepsy (localization-related epilepsy) is due to focal brain pathology or part of genetic syndrome or unknown cause. Many types of focal epilepsy involving different parts of the brain.Onset in adolescent or adult. Petit mal (childhood absence epilepsy) happened mostly in school age children with frequent episodes of profound impairment of consciousness or subtle changes. Consult neurology ...Read more

Dr. Andrew Reeves
554 doctors shared insights

Epileptic Seizures (Definition)

Epileptic seizures. Per Mayo Clinic "Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder (neurological disorder) in which nerve cell activity in the brain becomes disrupted, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations and sometimes loss of ...Read more


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Epilepsy or syncope?

Epilepsy or syncope?

Common dilema: Whether an event is a seizure or syncope is a common question. You have had part of an evaluation for epilepsy. What needs to be done is see a cardiologist and have a tilt table study for syncope. ...Read more

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Is generalized epilepsy progressive?

Is generalized epilepsy progressive?

No: Epilepsy is either without known cause or related to an identifiable cause. Unknown cause may present in childhood, be easy to control, and be genetic in type. Identifiable cause is often partial type seizures and more difficult to control with association with serious medical disease. Primary generalized is usually unknown cause. Secondary generalized is usually identifiable with bad outcome. ...Read more

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What is petit mal epilepsy?

What is petit mal epilepsy?

Petit mal: Petit mal (Fr. 'little illness) or absence seizures are forms which are characterized by a brief alteration of consciousness, and usually not followed by the post-ictal phase (sleepiness). It can appear as if the person is 'staring into space' and can be quite subtle. ...Read more

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What is juvenile myoclonic epilepsy?

What is juvenile myoclonic epilepsy?

A form of epilepsy..: Usually seen in adolescents - described as involuntary spasms (or jerking) of an upper extremity (such as flinging a comb or a toothbrush) which may, about 1/4 of the time, also demonstrate generalized seizures later in life. Most do not, however. Usually worse in kids that are overly fatigued (e.g. Staying up late/poor sleep) and can sometimes be attributed to "typical teen behavior". ...Read more

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Is monoclonal epilepsy, tonic clonic seizure, tonic seizure and clonic seizure are the same ( grand mal)?

Is monoclonal epilepsy, tonic clonic seizure, tonic seizure and clonic seizure are the same ( grand mal)?

No: Juvenile moloclonal epilepsy is a generalized epilepsy, which occurs in the age group from 12-16yo. Grand mal seizures are usually generalized type of seizures and has two phases. In the tonic phase, loss of conciousness occurs and muscle contraction causes the person to fall down. The clonic phase is the rhythmic contraction of muscles, alternating b/w flexion and relaxation. Thanks. ...Read more

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Is petit mal curable?

Is petit mal curable?

Absence seizures, : formerly known as petit mal epilepsy, are more often found in children aged 4-14. They are usually able to be controlled, but not cured, by anti-seizure medications. Often an underlying cause is not found. Many children have a genetic predisposition, a family member with seizures. While some children develop other types of seizures, most outgrow absence seizures in adolescence. ...Read more

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Is brain surgery successful for Generalized epilepsy?

Is brain surgery successful for Generalized epilepsy?

Yes it is: Though numbers are better when surgery is employed in focal epilepsies, generalized seizures are successfully treated using techniques such as implanted vagal stimulators and corpus callosum sections. It is even true that some cases of generalized epilepsy are recognized as focal after such surgeries are performed. In carefully chosen cases I believe outcomes are very good. ...Read more

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Could juvenile myoclonic epilepsy symptoms worsen after your first grand mal seizure?

Could juvenile myoclonic epilepsy symptoms worsen after your first grand mal seizure?

Could : Most folks with jme respond well to modest doses of depakote, but a small percentage have difficult-to-control seizures. It might seem like it gets worse after the first convulsion simply because the convulsions don't come under control. ...Read more

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Are tonic clonic seizures only a symptom of epilepsy?

Epilepsy: is by definition recurrent unprovoked seizures. Recurrent provoked seizures are seen on occasion (for example the alcoholic who uses up his SSI monthly stipend who presents to the ER with alcohol withdrawal seizures on the 29th of the month) GTC seizures can occur for many reasons (taking too much Ultram, caffeine, cocaine, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia, withdrawal from Benzodiazepine ...Read more

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Is Generalized epilepsy hereditary?

Is Generalized epilepsy hereditary?

Some: there are many varieties of generalized seizrues. Some like Petit mal and febrile seizures have a high rate of familial occurrence. Others do not. The EEG pattern helps define the type of seizure which can clarify the issue. ...Read more

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Is epilepsy curable?

Is epilepsy curable?

No: Only for the most severe cases is a surgical cure attempted. Some children outgrow seizures. ...Read more

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What are tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures?

What are tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures?

Whole lotta shaking: As jerry lee lewis says. Grand mal seizures are the kind of seizure that most people think of: people pass out, and their muscles contract violently. It usually lasts less than 5 minutes. Sometimes people have only 1 seizure & never have it again. Sometimes people have more than 1 seizure & need to take medicine to prevent them. ...Read more

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What are atonic seizures?

What are atonic seizures?

Loss of tone: Some complex epileptic have drop attacks=fall to the floor because of loss of muscle tone in legs usually have other seizures like tonic= totally stiff or starring spells in same child--or myoclonic seizures like simple jerks of trunk or limb. ...Read more

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Tardive generalized dystonia and tourette's. Any cures?

Tardive generalized dystonia and tourette's. Any cures?

Dystonia management: The primary management for dystonia is pharmacologic, using systemic medications. Drug classes most often used include dopamine depletors, anticholinergic drugs, serotonergics and calcium channel blockers. The local injections of Botox have been used to reduce muscle activity. ...Read more

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What is known as intractable epilepsy?

What is known as intractable epilepsy?

Difficult to control: Most epilepsy is easy to control. At least 60% of epileptic patients can be controlled with just one medication. Another 30% take more complex regimen to control. At least 10% of epilepsy patients are not fully controlled even with multiple medications, surgeries, implanted devices, etc. These are considered as intractable. Most epilepsy centers have specific clinics just for these patients. ...Read more

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Is nocturnal epilepsy hereditary?

Nocturnal epilepsy: Some are. Others are not. Most neurologists would be able to tell you if they feel that yours is genetic based. ...Read more

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Are febrile seizures considered brain injury?

Are febrile seizures considered brain injury?

Not usually: These are not entirely uncommon before age 5 when the brain is not very mature and has less ability to suppress excess electrical activity inside the brain. The further it is after that age, it is much more important to bring this to medical or neurological attention. A few early febrile seizures before age 5 usually would not be associated with any significant brain injury or findings. ...Read more

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Hi,I have petit mal.does atypical absences seizures causes learning difficulties.

Yes: Having frequent absence seizures can interfere with being aware of what is being taught and interfere with learning ...Read more

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Dr. William Singer
1,080 doctors shared insights

Seizure Disorder (Definition)

Seizure disorder also known as epilepsy, is a neurological condition in which the brain's abnormal electrical activity causes muscular convulsions and altered mental states. Epilepsy is diagnosed when an individual has ...Read more


Dr. Arnold Malerman
66 doctors shared insights

Epilepsy (Definition)

Seizures are sudden involuntary abnormal electrical events in the brain as a result of genetic predisposition or acquired disease processes when they recur epilepsy is the term ...Read more